Shields, James Charles Stuart (1876-1924)

James Charles Shields, Who’s Who and Why [Northern Who’s Who], volume 1, edited by Dr. C.W. Parker; Vancouver, Western Press Association, 1916, page 742; https://archive.org/stream/northernwhoswhob01park#page/742/mode/1up.

James Charles Shields, Who’s Who and Why [Northern Who’s Who], volume 1, edited by Dr. C.W. Parker; Vancouver, Western Press Association, 1916, page 742; https://archive.org/stream/northernwhoswhob01park#page/742/mode/1up.

Henderson’s Greater Vancouver City Directory, 1919, page 831 [edited image].

Henderson’s Greater Vancouver City Directory, 1919, page 831 [edited image].

James Charles Stuart Shields was a lumberman who lived at 2001 Nelson Street in 1919 and 1920.

James Charles Stuart Shields was born in Toronto, Ontario on November 11, 1876. (He was sometimes known as John Charles Shields, J.C. Shields, or J.C.S Shields. His friends usually called him “Jim.”)

His father was John Shields (1842-1916), who was a contractor and builder of railways, canals, bridges and other large projects. James’s mother was Essie Annis Smiley (1851-1881).

 

John Shields

John Shields worked as a railway contractor throughout Ontario and western Canada. By the time of the Klondike gold rush in the late 1890s, he had been in British Columbia for several years. He was in charge of a stage line that he hoped many gold-seekers would use on their way to the Klondike gold fields.

Victoria Daily Colonist, November 12, 1897, page 3, column 1; http://archive.org/stream/dailycolonist18971112uvic/18971112#page/n1/mode/1up.

Victoria Daily Colonist, November 12, 1897, page 3, column 1; http://archive.org/stream/dailycolonist18971112uvic/18971112#page/n1/mode/1up.

John Shields was also one of the promoters of a business that provided water and electricity to Ashcroft, British Columbia. (James Charles Stuart Shields was also involved in the business.) Originally there were two companies: one for water-works, and another for electricity. In late 1898, the main shareholders petitioned the British Columbia government to establish a new company which would acquire the assets of the existing companies.

Ashcroft Water-Works Company and Ashcroft Water, Light and Power Company, petition for new company, December 17, 1898; [selected portions of petition]; http://archives.leg.bc.ca/civix/document/id/leg_archives/legarchives/1973441992.

Ashcroft Water-Works Company and Ashcroft Water, Light and Power Company, petition for new company, December 17, 1898; [selected portions of petition]; http://archives.leg.bc.ca/civix/document/id/leg_archives/legarchives/1973441992.

The British Columbia legislature passed the Ashcroft Water, Electric, and Improvement Company (Incorporation) Act in 1899: Statutes of British Columbia, 1899, chapter 78. Like many similar statutes that incorporated private companies, the legislation had a controversial section that discriminated against Chinese and Japanese persons: “35. No Chinese or Japanese persons shall be employed in the construction of the undertaking or the working of the same, under a penalty of five dollars per day for each and every Chinese and Japanese person employed in contravention of this section.”

Japanese diplomats protested against these types of laws. (It is not clear that China issued a similar protest.) Although the federal government could have disallowed the discriminatory part of the legislation, it chose not to. Instead, it gave “an earnest recommendation to the provincial government… that at the next ensuing session of the legislature they introduce legislation in each case to repeal the clause in question.” [Papers relating to the disallowance of certain Statutes passed by the Legislature of British Columbia; British Columbia. Legislative Assembly, 1900; https://open.library.ubc.ca/collections/bcsessional/items/1.0063870.]

In the summer of 1899, John was in Victoria, British Columbia, arranging with Albion Iron Works to deliver irrigation pipe to Ashcroft.

Victoria Daily Colonist, July 12, 1899, page 3, column 2; http://archive.org/stream/dailycolonist18990712uvic/18990712#page/n2/mode/1up.

Victoria Daily Colonist, July 12, 1899, page 3, column 2; http://archive.org/stream/dailycolonist18990712uvic/18990712#page/n2/mode/1up.

In 1904, the British Columbia Anti-Tuberculosis Society was planning to build a provincial tuberculosis sanitarium. John Shields and the Ashcroft Water, Light and Power Company offered to donate 10 acres of land at Boston Flats near Ashcroft.

The Economist (Nelson, British Columbia), April 23, 1904, page 1, column 1; https://open.library.ubc.ca/collections/bcnewspapers/xnelsonecon/items/1.0184628#p0z-2r0f:

The Economist (Nelson, British Columbia), April 23, 1904, page 1, column 1; https://open.library.ubc.ca/collections/bcnewspapers/xnelsonecon/items/1.0184628#p0z-2r0f:

The sanitarium did not go to Ashcroft; it went to Tranquille, near Kamloops.

In 1911, John built a new house in Ashcroft. The house was still standing a century later, after surviving a fire in 2002.

601 Brink Street, Ashcroft, British Columbia; Google Streets: searched September 24, 2017; image dated May 2012.

601 Brink Street, Ashcroft, British Columbia; Google Streets: searched September 24, 2017; image dated May 2012.

The exterior of the house has a series of narrow clapboard veneers, about three feet long. Vertical battens cover the joints. The house resembles many of the buildings that used the B.C. Mills Prefabricated System. Edwin Caton Mahony, who lived at 2005 Comox Street from 1907 to 1924, received a patent for the system. The house at 2005 Comox Street also used the B.C. Mills system.

John died in Ashcroft on February 14, 1916. He was buried in Toronto, Ontario.

Toronto Globe, February 21, 1916, page 6.

Toronto Globe, February 21, 1916, page 6.

 

James Charles Stuart Shields

James’s education took place in Toronto, including a period at a collegiate institute in Toronto. In the 1890s he went to the University of Toronto. He was a member of the Alpha-Beta Chapter of Phi Kappa Sigma fraternity.

In the 1897 Toronto City Directory, James was living with his father at 126 University Avenue.

By the late 1890s James and his father were in British Columbia. At the end of 1898, James was one of the petitioners who were seeking a new company to run the affairs of the Ashcroft water and power systems.

In 1901, James was in Ashcroft, British Columbia, working as the postmaster. He was also the secretary of the Ashcroft Water, Electric and Improvement Company.

Henderson’s BC Gazetteer and Directory, 1900-1901, page 192 (Ashcroft).

Henderson’s BC Gazetteer and Directory, 1900-1901, page 192 (Ashcroft).

Henderson’s BC Gazetteer and Directory, 1900-1901, page 190 (Ashcroft).

Henderson’s BC Gazetteer and Directory, 1900-1901, page 190 (Ashcroft).

In 1902, James was in Sicamous, British Columbia. He described his occupation as “accountant.”

In August 1902, the provincial government incorporated the Shuswap Shingle and Lumber Company Limited, a private company whose purpose was to take over and operate certain lumber businesses that James had owned.

Shuswap Shingle and Lumber Company, certificate of incorporation (portion); British Columbia Gazette, August 28, 1902, pages 1411-1412; https://archive.org/stream/governmentgazett42nogove_o3z8#page/1411/mode/1up.

Shuswap Shingle and Lumber Company, certificate of incorporation (portion); British Columbia Gazette, August 28, 1902, pages 1411-1412; https://archive.org/stream/governmentgazett42nogove_o3z8#page/1411/mode/1up.

 

Marriage and Early Life with Ida

On December 17, 1902, in the district of Revelstoke, British Columbia, James married Ida Jane Paul, who was a government telegraph operator. She was born in Toronto, Ontario on April 1 (or April 7), 1878. Her parents were John William Paul (1837-1917) and Mary Perry (1843-1881).

In 1906, James and Ida were in Regina, Saskatchewan, along with their infant daughter, Hilda, who was born in Ontario about 1904.

James first appeared in the Vancouver directories in 1912. He was the president of Dominion Lumber and Timber Company Limited. He was living at number 306 in Washington Court, at 998 Thurlow Street.

Henderson’s Greater Vancouver Directory, Part 2, 1912, page 1190.

Henderson’s Greater Vancouver Directory, Part 2, 1912, page 1190.

He lived at the following addresses in Vancouver.

1912 Number 306, 998 Thurlow Street (Washington Court)
1913 Number 12, 789 Granville Street (Granville Mansions)
1914 Vancouver directory gave home address as Kamloops, B.C.
1915 to 1917 Not listed under Vancouver names
1918 Vancouver Hotel
1919 and 1920 2001 Nelson Street (streets only in 1920)
1920 Number 29, 1058 Nelson Street (Caroline Court)
1921 Number 61, 1507 West 12th Avenue (Douglas Lodge)
1922 Number 57, 1507 West 12th Avenue
1922 Number 46, 2046 Beach Avenue (Englesea Lodge) (Ida’s travel reference)
1923 Union Club (probably Victoria, British Columbia)
1924 Number 7, 1901 Pendrell Street (Gilford Court)
June 1924 4667 Queen’s Avenue

 

Hilda’s Death in France

After arriving in Vancouver, Ida appeared frequently in the Vancouver society columns. Her daughter, Hilda, also appeared from time to time.

Social and Personal, Vancouver Daily World, March 2, 1912, page 10, column 4.

Social and Personal, Vancouver Daily World, March 2, 1912, page 10, column 4.

Vancouver Daily World, March 16, 1912, page 9, column 4.

Vancouver Daily World, March 16, 1912, page 9, column 4.

In October 1912, Ida and Hilda sailed from Montreal, Quebec to Liverpool. They travelled on the S.S. Megantic (sometimes called R.M.S. Megantic).

They arrived in Liverpool on October 5.

The National Archives of the UK; Kew, Surrey, England; Board of Trade: Commercial and Statistical Department and successors: Inwards Passenger Lists.; Class: BT26; Piece: 522; Item: 77. Ancestry.com. UK, Incoming Passenger Lists, 1878-1960 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2008. Name: Ida Shields and Hilda Shields; Port of Departure: Montréal, Québec, Canada; Arrival Date: 5 Oct 1912; Port of Arrival: Liverpool, England; Ship Name: Megantic.

The National Archives of the UK; Kew, Surrey, England; Board of Trade: Commercial and Statistical Department and successors: Inwards Passenger Lists.; Class: BT26; Piece: 522; Item: 77. Ancestry.com. UK, Incoming Passenger Lists, 1878-1960 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2008. Name: Ida Shields and Hilda Shields; Port of Departure: Montréal, Québec, Canada; Arrival Date: 5 Oct 1912; Port of Arrival: Liverpool, England; Ship Name: Megantic.

While Ida and Hilda were staying in the south of France, Hilda died of typhoid fever.

At the end of November 1912, Hilda sailed alone from Liverpool to New York City. She travelled on R.M.S. Celtic.

Ancestry.com. Canadian Passenger Lists, 1865-1935 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2010. Passenger Lists, 1865–1935. Microfilm Publications T-479 to T-520, T-4689 to T-4874, T-14700 to T-14939, C-4511 to C-4542. Library and Archives Canada, n.d. RG 76-C. Department of Employment and Immigration fonds. Library and Archives Canada Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. Name: Ida J Shields; Age: 34; Birth Year: about 1878; Date of Arrival: 30 Nov 1912; Vessel: Celtic; Port of Arrival: New York, New York, USA; Port of Departure: Liverpool, England.

Ancestry.com. Canadian Passenger Lists, 1865-1935 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2010. Passenger Lists, 1865–1935. Microfilm Publications T-479 to T-520, T-4689 to T-4874, T-14700 to T-14939, C-4511 to C-4542. Library and Archives Canada, n.d. RG 76-C. Department of Employment and Immigration fonds. Library and Archives Canada Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. Name: Ida J Shields; Age: 34; Birth Year: about 1878; Date of Arrival: 30 Nov 1912; Vessel: Celtic; Port of Arrival: New York, New York, USA; Port of Departure: Liverpool, England.

James went to New York to meet Ida, and they returned to Vancouver in December 1912.

Vancouver Daily World, December 19, 1912, page 9, column 5.

Vancouver Daily World, December 19, 1912, page 9, column 5.

Hilda’s death caused a serious rift in James’s and Ida’s marriage. James began to blame Ida, and he often became drunk and unpleasant.

 

Business Activities from 1910 to 1920

Despite James’s personal problems, he continued his business activities for many of the years between 1910 and 1920. (In 1914, because of his excessive drinking, a “committee in lunacy” was appointed to look after his affairs. After he spent nine months in a private hospital, he was pronounced fit to look after himself and his property.)

Along with the Dominion Lumber business, he was involved with other similar businesses in British Columbia and elsewhere in western Canada.

In 1914, he was the president of Shields Lumber Company Limited in Kamloops, British Columbia.

Henderson’s Kamloops City Directory, 1914, page 113.

Henderson’s Kamloops City Directory, 1914, page 113.

He appeared in the 1916 edition of Who’s Who and Why.

James Charles Shields, Who’s Who and Why [Northern Who’s Who], volume 1, edited by Dr. C.W. Parker; Vancouver, Western Press Association, 1916, page 742, https://archive.org/stream/northernwhoswhob01park#page/742/mode/1up.

James Charles Shields, Who’s Who and Why [Northern Who’s Who], volume 1, edited by Dr. C.W. Parker; Vancouver, Western Press Association, 1916, page 742, https://archive.org/stream/northernwhoswhob01park#page/742/mode/1up.

He travelled quite frequently for business.

In 1916 he was in Chicago when he had to return to British Columbia because his father was ill.

Western Lumberman, March 1916, year 13, number 3, page 29; https://archive.org/stream/westernlumberman1916#page/n114/mode/1up.

Western Lumberman, March 1916, year 13, number 3, page 29; https://archive.org/stream/westernlumberman1916#page/n114/mode/1up.

In February 1917, James’s brother, Alexander, died in Vancouver.

Western Lumberman, March 1917, year 13, number 3, page 22; https://archive.org/stream/westernlumberman1917#page/n123/mode/1up.

Western Lumberman, March 1917, year 13, number 3, page 22; https://archive.org/stream/westernlumberman1917#page/n123/mode/1up.

James appeared in Phi Kappa Sigma’s 1920 register of fraternity members.

General register of the members of the Phi Kappa Sigma fraternity, 1850-1920; Alpha Beta Chapter, page 855; https://archive.org/stream/generalregistero00phik/generalregistero00phik#page/855/mode/1up.

General register of the members of the Phi Kappa Sigma fraternity, 1850-1920; Alpha Beta Chapter, page 855; https://archive.org/stream/generalregistero00phik/generalregistero00phik#page/855/mode/1up.

In 1921 he was the manager of Western Timber Corporation Limited.

 

James’s and Ida’s Later Life

Despite their personal difficulties, James and Ida travelled and spent significant amounts of time together.

In 1915 they went to Honolulu, Hawaii.

In the summer of 1917, they were staying at 2067 Pendrell Street in Vancouver.

Vancouver Daily World, May 9, 1917, page 10, column 5.

Vancouver Daily World, May 9, 1917, page 10, column 5.

In 1918, James and Ida went on a holiday to California.

Western Lumberman, March 1918, year 15, number 3, page 34; https://archive.org/stream/westernlumberman1918#page/n163/mode/1up.

Western Lumberman, March 1918, year 15, number 3, page 34; https://archive.org/stream/westernlumberman1918#page/n163/mode/1up.

In 1918, James and Ida moved to a summer home at Caulfeilds in West Vancouver.

Vancouver Daily World, May 1, 1918, page 6, column 1.

Vancouver Daily World, May 1, 1918, page 6, column 1.

Personal Notes; Social Events, Vancouver Daily World, August 3, 1918, page 6, column 2.

Personal Notes; Social Events, Vancouver Daily World, August 3, 1918, page 6, column 2.

In September 1918, they moved from Caulfeilds to live in the Hotel Vancouver.

Personal Notes; Social Events, Vancouver Daily World, September 20, 1918, page 6, column 4.

Personal Notes; Social Events, Vancouver Daily World, September 20, 1918, page 6, column 4.

In 1919, Ida welcomed a large group of guests to her home on Nelson Street (probably 2001 Nelson Street).

Vancouver Daily World, February 26, 1919, page 6, column 4 [long list of guests omitted].

Vancouver Daily World, February 26, 1919, page 6, column 4 [long list of guests omitted].

In October 1919, Ida went to Honolulu, Hawaii, along with Bessie Braddin Strutt from Kamloops.

"Hawaii, Honolulu Passenger Lists, 1900-1953," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:QV9Z-8JRR : 30 December 2014), Ida Shields, 1920; citing Ship , NARA microfilm publication A3422 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).

“Hawaii, Honolulu Passenger Lists, 1900-1953,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:QV9Z-8JRR : 30 December 2014), Ida Shields, 1920; citing Ship , NARA microfilm publication A3422 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).

Bessie returned home in early January 1920, and Ida stayed in Hawaii.

Ida was staying in a hotel in Honolulu at the time of the 1920 United States census on January 28, 1920.

In the early 1920s, James’s and Ida’s relationship grew worse, and they started to live apart.

In April 1920, Charles Dawson auctioned off the contents of 2001 Nelson Street. This may have been the furnishings of the Shields family.

Vancouver Sun, April 25, 1920, page 45.

Vancouver Sun, April 25, 1920, page 45.

Vancouver Sun, April 29, 1920, page 13, column 7.

Vancouver Sun, April 29, 1920, page 13, 1924column 7.

In 1924, Ida sued James for a judicial separation and alimony.

On May 17, 1924, James made a will, leaving nothing to Ida. Instead, he gave one half of his estate to his sister, Blanche Louise Crabbe, and the rest to his trustees: one quarter to his cousin, Roy Shields; and one quarter to Leslie W. Cameron, who was from Ashcroft.

On the evening of June 19, 1924, James went to his home at 4667 Queens Avenue in the Point Grey area (now part of Vancouver). A taxi driver found James lying dead, with a rifle underneath him.

A coroner’s jury concluded that James had committed suicide while he was in a state of mental depression.

James was buried in Mountain View Cemetery in Vancouver.

 

The Dispute over the Will and Ida’s Death

Ida did not agree with James’s choices to leave her out of his will. (She did receive a life insurance payment of $23,000.)

Ida sued James’s estate, claiming that he had suffered from alcoholic dementia and so he had no mental capacity to make a will.

The trial court agreed with Ida and set the will aside. The result was that the estate would be distributed as if there had been no will. (The estate was actually insolvent, so there was nothing left to distribute in any case.)

Victoria Daily Colonist, November 27, 1924, page 2, column 5; http://archive.org/stream/dailycolonist1124uvic_22#page/n1/mode/1up.

Victoria Daily Colonist, November 27, 1924, page 2, column 5; http://archive.org/stream/dailycolonist1124uvic_22#page/n1/mode/1up.

James’s sister, Blanche, one of the beneficiaries of the will, appealed the decision of the trial court. The appeal court agreed with Blanche that James was competent when he made the will.

The San Bernardino County Sun (San Bernardino, California), June 5, 1925, page 1, column 7; https://cdnc.ucr.edu/cgi-bin/cdnc?a=d&d=SBS19250605.1.1&srpos=1&e=-------en--20--1--txt-txIN-%22ida+jane+shields%22-------1.

The San Bernardino County Sun (San Bernardino, California), June 5, 1925, page 1, column 7; https://cdnc.ucr.edu/cgi-bin/cdnc?a=d&d=SBS19250605.1.1&srpos=1&e=——-en–20–1–txt-txIN-%22ida+jane+shields%22——-1.

Ida died in California, probably in Alameda County, on July 10, 1925. She was buried in Mountain View Cemetery in Oakland, California.

"Find A Grave Index," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:QVGV-ZFKR : 13 December 2015), Ida Jane Shields, ; Burial, Oakland, Alameda, California, United States of America, Mountain View Cemetery; citing record ID 128427087, Find a Grave, https://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=128427087.

“Find A Grave Index,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:QVGV-ZFKR : 13 December 2015), Ida Jane Shields, ; Burial, Oakland, Alameda, California, United States of America, Mountain View Cemetery; citing record ID 128427087, Find a Grave, https://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=128427087.

 

Sources

John Shields (father of James Charles Stuart Shields)

“John Shields,” A Cyclopaedia of Canadian Biography: Being Chiefly Men of the Time. A Collection of Persons Distinguished in Professional and Political Life; Leaders in the Commerce and Industry of Canada, and Successful Pioneers, Volume 2; by George Maclean Rose; Toronto, Rose Publishing Company, 1888, pages 551-552; https://books.google.ca/books?id=dm0ZAQAAIAAJ&pg=PA552&lpg=PA552&dq=%22shields+john%22#v=onepage&q=%22shields%20john%22&f=false.

Shields, John Mr. and Smiley, Essie Annis Miss, Marriage announcement, (Married on October 3, 1870), appeared in Daily Times, 3 Oct 1870, p. 3; Place of Marriage: Residence of the bride’s mother [St. Catharines]; Groom, of Petrolia; Date of Publication: 3 Oct 1870; Date Of Event: October 3, 1870; http://bmd.stcatharines.library.on.ca/en/3055176/data?n=19.

“Canada Census, 1871,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:M474-BQ8 : 2 April 2016), John Shields, Petrolia, Lambton, Ontario, Canada; citing p. 63, line 20; Library and Archives Canada film number C-9895, Public Archives, Ottawa, Ontario; FHL microfilm 4,396,674; http://data2.collectionscanada.ca/1871/pdf/4396674_00425.pdf.

“Canada Census, 1881,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MVFQ-9GG : 30 June 2017), John Shields, St-Andrew Ward, Toronto (City), Ontario, Canada; citing p. 21; Library and Archives Canada film number C-13247, Library and Archives Canada, Ottawa, Ontario; FHL microfilm 1,375,883.

“British Columbia Death Registrations, 1872-1986; 1992-1993”, database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:FLKX-13T : 13 April 2017), John Shields, 1916.

“Ontario, Toronto Trust Cemeteries, 1826-1989,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:2763-QNC : 28 November 2014), John Shields, 21 Feb 1916; citing Toronto, Ontario, Canada, section and lot S 23, line 34260, volume Volume 03, 1908-1919, Toronto Trust Cemeteris, Toronto; FHL microfilm 1,617,217.

601 Brink Street, Ashcroft, British Columbia; http://www.ashcroftbc.ca/brink_street: “Erected in 1911 by J.C. Shields, this was a “pre-cut” house constructed in four foot lengths. Mr. Shields was the electrical engineer responsible for installing the dam on the Bonaparte River to provide electricity to Ashcroft. He later constructed a home at Boston Flats which was also used as a mail-order house. 601 Brink was later owned by Doc English, and then by a lawyer named Earle. The Nishigushi family lived here into the 1980’s. The house was nearly destroyed by a fire in 2002, however the owners were able to repair it and restore it to its original appearance.”

B.C. Mills Prefabricated System. Edwin Caton Mahony, who lived at 2005 Comox Street from 1907 to 1924, received a patent for the system. See Mahony, Edwin Caton (1864-1930); https://westendvancouver.wordpress.com/biographies-a-m/biographies-m/mahony-edwin-caton-1864-1930/ and “The B.C. Mills Prefabricated System: The Emergence of Ready-made Buildings in Western Canada,” by G. E. Mills and D. W. Holdsworth; Canadian Historic Sites: Occasional Papers in Archaeology and History No. 14; http://parkscanadahistory.com/series/chs/14/chs14-2f.htm.]

“British Columbia Death Registrations, 1872-1986; 1992-1993”, database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:FLKX-13T : 13 April 2017), John Shields, 1916.

“Ontario, Toronto Trust Cemeteries, 1826-1989,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:2763-QNC : 28 November 2014), John Shields, 21 Feb 1916; citing Toronto, Ontario, Canada, section and lot S 23, line 34260, volume Volume 03, 1908-1919, Toronto Trust Cemeteris, Toronto; FHL microfilm 1,617,217.

Ashcroft Water, Electric and Improvement Company fonds; BCAUL control number: UBCSP-171; https://www.memorybc.ca/ashcroft-water-electric-and-improvement-company-fonds: “The Ashcroft Water, Electric and Improvement Company was incorporated in 1899 to supply Ashcroft, B.C. and the surrounding area with power, water and light for domestic, mining and manufacturing purposes. The company was sold to Henry Robert Budd around 1934, and then again in 1953 to the B.C. Electric Railway Company.”

British Columbia Gazette, January 5, 1899, page 31; notice of application to form company to acquire assets of Ashcroft Water-Works Company and Ashcroft Water, Light and Power Company; https://archive.org/stream/governmentgazett39nogove_i4i6#page/31/mode/1up.

Discriminatory Legislation in British Columbia 1872‐1948: http://www2.gov.bc.ca/assets/gov/british-columbians-our-governments/our-history/historic-places/documents/heritage/chinese-legacy/discriminatory_legislation_in_bc_1872_1948.pdf.

Further Papers Relating to the Acts passed by the Legislature of the Province of British Columbia during the Session of 1898, British Columbia. Legislative Assembly, 1899; https://open.library.ubc.ca/collections/bcsessional/items/1.0063912#p0z-2r0f:

Papers relating to the disallowance of certain Statutes passed by the Legislature of British Columbia; British Columbia. Legislative Assembly, 1900; https://open.library.ubc.ca/collections/bcsessional/items/1.0063870.

A Whole Little City by Itself: Tranquille and Tuberculosis, by Wane Norton; Kamloops, British Columbia, Plateau Press, 1999, pages 30-31, 44. [John Shields: offer of land at Boston Flats for tuberculosis sanatarium.]

 

Essie Annis Smiley (mother of James Charles Stuart Shields)

“Canada Census, 1871,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:M474-B7Z : 2 April 2016), Essie Annis Shields, Petrolia, Lambton, Ontario, Canada; citing p. 64, line 1; Library and Archives Canada film number C-9895, Public Archives, Ottawa, Ontario; FHL microfilm 4,396,674; http://data2.collectionscanada.ca/1871/pdf/4396674_00426.pdf.

“Canada Census, 1881,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MVFQ-9GP : 30 June 2017), Essie Shields in household of John Shields, St-Andrew Ward, Toronto (City), Ontario, Canada; citing p. 21; Library and Archives Canada film number C-13247, Library and Archives Canada, Ottawa, Ontario; FHL microfilm 1,375,883.

 

James Charles Stuart Shields

“Ontario Births, 1869-1912,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:FMCF-F4F : 16 July 2017), James Charles Shields, 11 Nov 1876; citing Birth, Toronto, York, Ontario, Canada, citing Archives of Ontario, Toronto; FHL microfilm 1,845,214.

“Canada Births and Baptisms, 1661-1959,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:F2JW-BRH : 27 November 2014), James Charles Shields, 11 Nov 1876; citing Toronto, York, Ontario, 11 Nov 1876, reference cn 35846; FHL microfilm 1,845,214.

“Canada Census, 1881,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MVFQ-9GY : 30 June 2017), James Shields in household of John Shields, St-Andrew Ward, Toronto (City), Ontario, Canada; citing p. 21; Library and Archives Canada film number C-13247, Library and Archives Canada, Ottawa, Ontario; FHL microfilm 1,375,883.

“Canada Census, 1891,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MWG6-TLC : 3 August 2016), James C Shields, St Patricks Ward, Toronto City, Ontario, Canada; Public Archives, Ottawa, Ontario; Library and Archives Canada film number 30953_148173.

“British Columbia Marriage Registrations, 1859-1932; 1937-1938,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:JD8L-P25 : 21 January 2016), James C S Shields and Ida Jane Paul, 17 Dec 1902; citing , British Columbia, Canada, British Columbia Archives film number B11386, Vital Statistics Agency, Victoria; FHL microfilm 1,983,979.

“Canada Census, 1906,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:KHV9-FJZ : 1 April 2016), J C Shields, 37C, Assiniboia West, Saskatchewan, Canada; Public Archives, Ottawa, Ontario; http://data2.collectionscanada.ca/e/e049/e001208400.pdf.

1921 Canada Census, James C. Shields, Reference Number: RG 31; Folder Number: 12; Census Place: Ward 6, Vancouver, British Columbia; Page Number: 13; Ancestry.com. 1921 Census of Canada [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2013.

“British Columbia Death Registrations, 1872-1986; 1992-1993”, database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:FLKV-T4Z : 13 April 2017), James Charles Stuart Shields, 1924.

“Lumberman Found Dead; J.C. Shields Discovered with Bullet Wound in Head,” Vancouver Sun, June 20, 1924, page 1.

“Lumberman is Found Dead; J.C. Shields Shot Through Head in Point Grey Home; Recent Litigation,” Vancouver Province, June 20, 1924, p.36.

“Jury Says Death was Self-Inflicted; Illness and Worry Caused J.C.S. Shields to End His Life,” Vancouver Province, June 21, 1924, page16.

“Suicide is Due To Much Worry,” Vancouver Sun, June 21, 1924, page 5.

James C.S. Shields, funeral notice, Vancouver Province, June 21, 1924, page 17; Vancouver Sun, June 21, 1924, page 12: Shields—The funeral of James C.S. Shields takes place Saturday, June 21, at 3 p.m., from the Edwards Co.’s new chapel, 2421 Granville St., to Mountain View Cemetery. Rev. C.C. Owen will officiate.”

“Find A Grave Index,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:QVK9-PQG7 : 13 December 2015), James C S Shields, 1924; Burial, Vancouver, Greater Vancouver Regional District, British Columbia, Canada, Mountain View Cemetery; citing record ID 35290371, Find a Grave, https://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=35290371.

Crabbe v. Shields, 36 British Columbia Reports 89 (British Columbia Court of Appeal); http://www.library.ubc.ca/archives/pdfs/bcreports/036.pdf.

Caveats in probate; British Columbia Supreme Court; GR-2272; Originals 1895-1959 12.5 cm; http://search-bcarchives.royalbcmuseum.bc.ca/Document/Finding_Aids_Atom/GR-2001_to_GR-2500/gr-2272.pdf: 12 117 Shields, James Charles Stuart 1924.

Vancouver Supreme Court probate/estate files, Shields, James Charles Stuart(see also P – 09674); first page of probate file: https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-L97Z-VXBS?i=2640&wc=M69V-LWL%3A332530701%2C332530502%2C333798001&cc=2014768; last page of probate file: https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QSQ-G97Z-VFR3?i=2661&wc=M69V-LWL%3A332530701%2C332530502%2C333798001&cc=2014768.

 

John William Paul (father of Ida Jane Paul)

“Ontario, County Marriage Registers, 1858-1869,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:Q2YM-H3FL : 31 March 2017), John Wm Paul and Mary Perry, 11 Jul 1862; citing Simcoe, Ontario, Canada, Archives of Ontario, Toronto; FHL microfilm 1,030,064.

“Canada Census, 1881,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MVFQ-18H : 30 June 2017), John W. Paul, St-Patrick Ward, Toronto (City), Ontario, Canada; citing p. 135; Library and Archives Canada film number C-13247, Library and Archives Canada, Ottawa, Ontario; FHL microfilm 1,375,883.

“Canada Census, 1891,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MWGF-2CV : 3 August 2016), John W Paul, St Marks Ward, Toronto City, Ontario, Canada; Public Archives, Ottawa, Ontario; Library and Archives Canada film number 30953_148175; http://central.bac-lac.gc.ca/.item/?app=Census1891&op=pdf&id=30953_148175-00039.

“Recensement du Canada de 1911,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:27X3-ZBY : 16 July 2016), John William Paul, 1911; citing Census, Toronto South Sub-Districts 13-72, Ontario, Canada, Library and Archives of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario; FHL microfilm 2,418,528; http://automatedgenealogy.com/census11/View.jsp?id=83072&highlight=1&desc=1911+Census+of+Canada+page+containing+John+William+Paul.

“Ontario Deaths, 1869-1937 and Overseas Deaths, 1939-1947,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:J652-SXB : 11 December 2014), John William Paul, 30 Jan 1917; citing Toronto, York, Ontario, yr 1917 cn 1774, Archives of Ontario, Toronto; FHL microfilm 1,862,470.

 

Mary Perry (mother of Ida Jane Paul)

“Ontario, County Marriage Registers, 1858-1869,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:Q2YM-H3FP : 31 March 2017), John Wm Paul and Mary Perry, 11 Jul 1862; citing Simcoe, Ontario, Canada, Archives of Ontario, Toronto; FHL microfilm 1,030,064.

“Canada Census, 1881,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MVFQ-18C : 30 June 2017), Mary Paul in household of John W. Paul, St-Patrick Ward, Toronto (City), Ontario, Canada; citing p. 135; Library and Archives Canada film number C-13247, Library and Archives Canada, Ottawa, Ontario; FHL microfilm 1,375,883.

“Ontario Deaths, 1869-1937 and Overseas Deaths, 1939-1947,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:JDJ9-SQS : 25 June 2015), Mary Paul, 04 May 1881; citing Toronto, York, Ontario, yr 1881 cn 23447, Archives of Ontario, Toronto; FHL microfilm 1,853,235.

 

Ida Jane Paul (wife of James Charles Stuart Shields)

“Ontario Births, 1869-1912,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:FM82-J5P : 16 July 2017), Ida Jane Paul, 01 Apr 1878; citing Birth, Toronto, York, Ontario, Canada, citing Archives of Ontario, Toronto; FHL microfilm 1,845,220.

“Canada Births and Baptisms, 1661-1959,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:F2JN-QVL : 27 November 2014), Ida Jane Paul, 01 Apr 1878; citing Toronto, York, Ontario, 01 Apr 1878, reference cn 40279; FHL microfilm 1,845,220.

“Ontario Births and Baptisms, 1779-1899,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:XLYB-S6X : 5 December 2014), Ida Jane Paul, 01 Apr 1878; citing Toronto, York, Ontario; FHL microfilm 1,845,220.

“Canada Census, 1881,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MVFQ-18N : 30 June 2017), Ida Paul in household of John W. Paul, St-Patrick Ward, Toronto (City), Ontario, Canada; citing p. 135; Library and Archives Canada film number C-13247, Library and Archives Canada, Ottawa, Ontario; FHL microfilm 1,375,883.

“Canada Census, 1891,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MWGF-2C1 : 3 August 2016), Ida Paul, St Marks Ward, Toronto City, Ontario, Canada; Public Archives, Ottawa, Ontario; Library and Archives Canada film number 30953_148175; http://central.bac-lac.gc.ca/.item/?app=Census1891&op=pdf&id=30953_148175-00040.

“Canada Census, 1901,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:KH24-VGL : 27 April 2017), Ida Paul in household of Gerturdde Gorman, Algoma, Ontario, Canada; citing p. 16, Library and Archives of Canada, Ottawa; http://automatedgenealogy.com/census/View.jsp?id=29533&highlight=17&desc=1901+Census+of+Canada+page+containing+Ida+Paul.

“British Columbia Marriage Registrations, 1859-1932; 1937-1938,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:JD8L-P2L : 21 January 2016), James C S Shields and Ida Jane Paul, 17 Dec 1902; citing , British Columbia, Canada, British Columbia Archives film number B11386, Vital Statistics Agency, Victoria; FHL microfilm 1,983,979.

“Canada Census, 1906,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:KHV9-FJ8 : 1 April 2016), Ida Shields in household of J C Shields, 37C, Assiniboia West, Saskatchewan, Canada; Public Archives, Ottawa, Ontario; http://data2.collectionscanada.ca/e/e049/e001208400.pdf.

“Hawaii, Honolulu Passenger Lists, 1900-1953,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:QV9Z-H1FB : 30 December 2014), Ida Jane Shields, 1915; citing Ship , NARA microfilm publication A3422 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).

“California, San Francisco Passenger Lists, 1893-1953,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:QV1W-ZQ4R : 2 April 2015), Ida J Shields, 1915; citing San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States, NARA microfilm publication M1410 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.); FHL microfilm 1,465,651.

“Hawaii, Honolulu Passenger Lists, 1900-1953,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:QV9Z-8VTG : 30 December 2014), Ida Shields, 1920; citing Ship , NARA microfilm publication A3422 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).

“Washington, Seattle, Passenger Lists, 1890-1957,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:KY23-9JQ : 4 December 2014), Ida Jane Shields, ; citing Seattle, King, Washington, United States, NARA microfilm publication M1383, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, D.C.; FHL microfilm 2,266,057.

“United States Census, 1920,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:SP82-H4X : accessed 25 September 2017), Ida J Shields in household of Jean M P Poirier, Honolulu, Honolulu, Hawaii, United States; citing ED 22, sheet 15B, line , family 199, NARA microfilm publication T625 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1992), roll 2035; FHL microfilm 1,822,035.

“California Death Index, 1905-1939,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:QKSM-8BNW : 5 June 2015), Ida J Shields, 10 Jul 1925; citing 31084, Department of Health Services, Vital Statistics Department, Sacramento; FHL microfilm 1,686,047.

“BillionGraves Index,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:KXBR-FHQ : 24 June 2015), Ida Jane Shields, died 10 Jul 1925; citing BillionGraves (http://www.billiongraves.com : 2012), Burial at Mountain View Cemetery, Oakland, Alameda, California, United States. [https://billiongraves.com/grave/person/3155965.]

“Find A Grave Index,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:QVGV-ZFKR : 13 December 2015), Ida Jane Shields, ; Burial, Oakland, Alameda, California, United States of America, Mountain View Cemetery; citing record ID 128427087, Find a Grave, https://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=128427087.

British Columbia Supreme Court, Probate Files; B08727 Shields, Ida Jane P – 10491; First page of probate file: https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-L97Z-VNDL?i=2225&wc=M69V-LWL%3A332530701%2C332530502%2C333798001&cc=2014768; last page of probate file: https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-997Z-VNZK?i=2244&wc=M69V-LWL%3A332530701%2C332530502%2C333798001&cc=2014768.

 

Hilda Shields (daughter of James Charles Stuart Shields)

“Canada Census, 1906,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:KHV9-FJD : 1 April 2016), Hilda Shields in household of J C Shields, 37C, Assiniboia West, Saskatchewan, Canada; Public Archives, Ottawa, Ontario; http://data2.collectionscanada.ca/e/e049/e001208401.pdf.

 

Francis Alexander Shields (brother of James Charles Stuart Shields)

“Ontario Births, 1869-1912,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:FM3V-K9Z : 16 July 2017), Francis Alexander Shields, 30 Dec 1872; citing Birth, Petrolia, Lambton, Ontario, Canada, citing Archives of Ontario, Toronto; FHL microfilm 1,845,040.

“British Columbia Death Registrations, 1872-1986; 1992-1993”, database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:FLK8-ZJ6 : 13 April 2017), Francis Alexander Shields, 1917.