Freimuth, Adolph Paul (1872-1971)

Adolph Paul Freimuth was a bandmaster, violinist, and cornet player who lived at the corner of Haro Street and Gilford Street in 1900.

Adolph was born in Potsdam , Germany, on June 10, 1872. When his family emigrated to Texas, he stayed in Germany, where he studied music. About 1886, he moved to the United States.

On October 17, 1895, in Los Angeles, California, he married Mamie Van Norden. She was born in Arkansas or California on March 2, 1871, (although one source says she was born on October 24, 1879).

In February 1896, Adolph travelled to Victoria, British Columbia.

The Dalles Times-Mountaineer., February 29, 1896, Image 3; http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn93051669/1896-02-29/ed-1/seq-3/#words=/

The Dalles Times-Mountaineer., February 29, 1896, Image 3; http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn93051669/1896-02-29/ed-1/seq-3/#words=/

 

A few weeks later, Mamie also went to Victoria.

Dalles Times-Mountaineer, March 21, 1896, page 3: http://oregonnews.uoregon.edu/lccn/sn93051669/1896-03-21/ed-1/seq-3.pdf

Dalles Times-Mountaineer, March 21, 1896, page 3: http://oregonnews.uoregon.edu/lccn/sn93051669/1896-03-21/ed-1/seq-3.pdf

Later in 1896, the Dalles Daily Chronicle and the Victoria Daily Colonist published a story suggesting that Mamie and other members of her family could be inheriting parts of a vast fortune from the estate of “the O’Neills of Antrim” in Ireland.

“The O’Neill Heirs; Victoria People Who Lay Claim to a Vast Estate in Ireland; A Hundred and Eighto Millions With a Whole County Thrown In,” Victoria Daily Colonist, July 4, 1896, page 7; https://archive.org/stream/dailycolonist18960704uvic/18960704#page/n5/mode/1up; The Dalles Daily Chronicle. (The Dalles, Or.) 1890-1948, July 17, 1896, Image 4; http://oregonnews.uoregon.edu/lccn/sn85042448/1896-07-17/ed-1/seq-4.pdf

“The O’Neill Heirs; Victoria People Who Lay Claim to a Vast Estate in Ireland; A Hundred and Eighto Millions With a Whole County Thrown In,” Victoria Daily Colonist, July 4, 1896, page 7; https://archive.org/stream/dailycolonist18960704uvic/18960704#page/n5/mode/1up; The Dalles Daily Chronicle. (The Dalles, Or.) 1890-1948, July 17, 1896, Image 4; http://oregonnews.uoregon.edu/lccn/sn85042448/1896-07-17/ed-1/seq-4.pdf

 

It is not clear what happened to this claim to the fortune. In 1896, Adolph continued his musical activities in Victoria.

Victoria Daily Colonist, December 31, 1896, page 5; http://archive.org/stream/dailycolonist18961231uvic/18961231#page/n4/mode/1up

Victoria Daily Colonist, December 31, 1896, page 5; http://archive.org/stream/dailycolonist18961231uvic/18961231#page/n4/mode/1up

 

In 1897 Adolph decided to move to Vancouver.

“News of the Province,” Victoria Daily Colonist, July 17, 1897, page 3; http://archive.org/stream/dailycolonist18970717uvic/18970717#page/n2/mode/1up

“News of the Province,” Victoria Daily Colonist, July 17, 1897, page 3; http://archive.org/stream/dailycolonist18970717uvic/18970717#page/n2/mode/1up

By July 1897, Mamie’s sister was visiting with Nellie in Vancouver.

The Dalles Times-Mountaineer, July 24, 1897, Image 3, http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn93051669/1897-07-24/ed-1/seq-3/#words=/

The Dalles Times-Mountaineer, July 24, 1897, Image 3, http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn93051669/1897-07-24/ed-1/seq-3/#words=/

By 1898, the Vancouver directory listed Adolph at 1135 Melville Street.

Henderson’s BC Gazetteer and Directory, Vancouver, 1898, page 555.

Henderson’s BC Gazetteer and Directory, Vancouver, 1898, page 555.

In 1899, Adolph was the bandmaster of the militia band in Vancouver.

Shortly afterward, Adolph went to Dawson City in the Yukon, where he was the leader of the local orchestra. Some sources say that he was with a theatrical troupe that included Kate Rockwell, who was known as “Klondike Kate.”

 

This was the orchestra that performed at the Palace Grand in Dawson on February 15, 1900. The concert was to aid the widows and orphans created by the war with the Transvaal. It is not certain that Adolph was present at this event.

Orchestra, Tableau Representing Great Britain and her Colonies (detail), February 15, 1900, Vancouver City Archives, Out P1071; http://searcharchives.vancouver.ca/index.php/tableau-representing-great-britain-and-her-colonies-at-concert-given-in-aid-of-widows-and-orphans-created-by-war-with-transvaal-at-palace-grand.

Orchestra, Tableau Representing Great Britain and her Colonies (detail), February 15, 1900, Vancouver City Archives, Out P1071; http://searcharchives.vancouver.ca/index.php/tableau-representing-great-britain-and-her-colonies-at-concert-given-in-aid-of-widows-and-orphans-created-by-war-with-transvaal-at-palace-grand.

 

According to Adolph’s biography as a director of the A.C. Davis High School Band in Yakima, Washington, he played in the “Royal Canadian Mounted Band,” which appears to be similar to this Northwest Mounted Police band in Dawson in 1900.

Yukon Field Force Band, Dawson, May 1900 (Creation), Vancouver City Archives, Mil P269, http://searcharchives.vancouver.ca/yukon-field-force-band-dawson

Yukon Field Force Band, Dawson, May 1900 (Creation), Vancouver City Archives, Mil P269, http://searcharchives.vancouver.ca/yukon-field-force-band-dawson

 

According to Charlene Porsild, shortly after Adolph arrived in Dawson City, he married Nellie Palb James, who was an English dance hall performer. (Further details of this marriage are not available at this time. From 1910 to 1932, Adolph’s wife was “Nellie,” although she was apparently born in Texas.)

In April 1900, Adolph was part of the Vancouver orchestra in the Boston Lyric Company’s presentation of Pietro Mascagni’s one act opera Cavalleria rusticana.

“The Coming Season of Opera; Vancouver Press Accords High Press Accords High Praise to the Boston Lyric Company,” Victoria Daily Colonist, April 27, 1900, page 6;  http://archive.org/stream/dailycolonist19000427uvic/19000427#page/n5/mode/1up

“The Coming Season of Opera; Vancouver Press Accords High Press Accords High Praise to the Boston Lyric Company,” Victoria Daily Colonist, April 27, 1900, page 6;
http://archive.org/stream/dailycolonist19000427uvic/19000427#page/n5/mode/1up

 

In 1900, the British Columbia government granted Adolph a lease of land for hydraulic mining purposes at Spruce Creek, near Atlin, British Columbia.

In 1901, Mrs. A.P. Freimuth was at 569 Hornby Street.

By 1902, no people named Freimuth were in the Vancouver directories.

In 1905, Adolph was still advertising his musical services in the Dawson Daily News.

 

By 1907, he was living in Seattle, Washington.

Name Date Address
SMITH, LISTER NOV 18, 1907 c/o A.P. Freimuth 615. 32 Ave. Seattle, WA

Benjamin Craig: post office worker list of people dying or leaving Klondike; http://www.yukongenealogy.com/search?search=freimuth.

In the 1910 United States census, Adolph was in Seattle, living with his wife, Nellie and their son, Delmar C. Freimuth, who was born about 1907 in Oregon. The census said that Nellie was born in Texas in 1879; her father was born in Arkansas; her mother was also born in Texas.

In 1911, Adolph was an orchestra director in Seattle.

“Elegant New Cafe Opens This Evening; Hotel Frye Cafe and Grill One of the Finest, Most Sanitary and Up-to-Date in the Land,” Seattle Star, December 19, 1911, page 4, http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn87093407/1911-12-19/ed-1/seq-4.pdf.

“Elegant New Cafe Opens This Evening; Hotel Frye Cafe and Grill One of the Finest, Most Sanitary and Up-to-Date in the Land,” Seattle Star, December 19, 1911, page 4, http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn87093407/1911-12-19/ed-1/seq-4.pdf.

About 1917, Adolph arrived in Yakima, Washington, where he formed the “Rotary Boys Band.”

In 1920, Adolph, Nellie, and Delmer were living in Yakima. (The 1920 United States census gave the family surname as “Paul” rather than “Freimuth.” This may have been because many people with German surnames used other names for some time after the beginning of the First World War.)

In 1926, Adolph (again using the name “Freimuth”) started the Musicians’ Association Band in Yakima.

Music Trade Review, July 24, 1926, page 24; http://mtr.arcade-museum.com/MTR-1926-83-4/MTR-1926-83-4-24.pdf

Music Trade Review, July 24, 1926, page 24; http://mtr.arcade-museum.com/MTR-1926-83-4/MTR-1926-83-4-24.pdf

By 1930, Adolph and Nellie were living in Fruitvale, Yakima County, Washington.

Nellie died in Yakima on April 7, 1932.

On June 5, 1933, in King County, Washington, Adolph married Mary Arline Horseley.

Washington State Archives, King County Marriage Records, 1855-1990 - Adolph P Freimuth - Mary Arline Horseley; http://www.digitalarchives.wa.gov/Record/View/A0E484845C57DD61494C5F792B1F4711

Washington State Archives, King County Marriage Records, 1855-1990 – Adolph P Freimuth – Mary Arline Horseley; http://www.digitalarchives.wa.gov/Record/View/A0E484845C57DD61494C5F792B1F4711

Mary Arline Horsley was born in Iowa on August 31, 1902. Her father was William M. Horsley (1856-1937). Her mother was Ella Anne Hewett (1866-1944).

Somewhat strangely, there is a Washington State marriage record from 1926, showing that Delmer Freimuth (who appears to be Adolph’s son) also married a person named Mary Arline Horsley.

Washington State Archives, Pierce County Auditor, Marriage Records, 1876-2013 - Delmer Freimuth - Mary Arline Horsley; http://www.digitalarchives.wa.gov/Record/View/E8144EB9736D1870420CDD2352AC1FEB

Washington State Archives, Pierce County Auditor, Marriage Records, 1876-2013 – Delmer Freimuth – Mary Arline Horsley; http://www.digitalarchives.wa.gov/Record/View/E8144EB9736D1870420CDD2352AC1FEB

 

By the time of the 1930 United States census, “Delmar C. Freimuth” was married to Amanda, who was born in Sweden about 1908. Further details on Mary Arline Horsley’s marriage to Delmer are not available at this time.

In 1940, Adolph and Arline were living in West Fruitvale, Yakima County. Adolph was a music teacher.

Adolph died in Yakima in 1971. He was buried in Ephrata Cemetery, in Ephrata, Grant County, Washington.

Arline died in California in 1992. She was buried in Ephrata Cemetery.

 

It appears that Adolph’s family had the following children.

 

Delmer C. Freimuth

Delmer C. Freimuth was born in Baker City, Oregon, on December 15, 1906.

There is a Washington marriage certificate showing that Delmer married Mary Arline Horsley on March 13, 1926.

In the 1930 United States census, “Delmar C. Freimuth” was married to Amanda M. Freimuth (who was born in Sweden), and was living at the naval reservation in Escambia, Florida. Their daughter, Paula, who was born in Florida about 1929, was living with them.

By 1940, “Delmer C. Freimuth” and Amanda were in Spokane, Washington. Delmer was a car salesman; Amanda was a matron at a retail department store. They had the following children: Paula, Don, Larry and Sylvia.

In the early 1950s, “Del Freimuth” was the police chief in Ketchikan, Alaska. The town was in turmoil after enforcement authorities had failed to shut down several brothels that had been operating in the red light district. Del and another police official later pleaded guilty to conspiracy to permit prostitution. They each received a $500 fine and a one-year suspended sentence. They left town.

Delmer married Betty Lee Trepanowski (née Barlow) in King County, Washington, on August 7, 1957.

Delmer was involved in a lawsuit relating to insurance on a yacht I Alaska: Delmer C. Freimuth, Appellant, v. Glens Falls Insurance Company, Respondent, 50 Wn.2d 621, No. 33849. Department Two; Supreme Court; July 25, 1957; http://courts.mrsc.org/mc/courts/zsupreme/050wn2d/050wn2d0621.htm.

On August 12, 1961, in Santa Cruz, California, “Delmer C. Freimuth” married Leda Christenson (Leda W. Loe). She was born about 1927.

Del Freimuth died in August 1978. He had been living in Nevada.

On September 23, 1979, in Clark, Nevada, Leda Freimuth married Van Chris Alexon.

 

Mary Freimuth

Mary Freimuth appears to be the daughter of Mary Aline Horsley. Her father may have been Delmer Freimuth.

Mary Freimuth born about 1927 in Washington State. In 1930, she was living in Ephrata, Washington, with her grandparents, William and Ella Horsley.

In 1940, Mary was living in West Fruitvale, Yakima County, with Adolph and Arline.

 

It appears that Adolph and Arline had a daughter.

Patricia Freimuth

Patricia Freimuth was born in 1934. In 1940, she was living with Adolph and Arline in West Fruitvale, Yakima County.

 

Sources

Adolph Paul Freimuth

[Adolph Paul Freimuth], Kluth family of IA, SD & WA, http://worldconnect.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=kluthfamily&id=P2730

“California, County Marriages, 1850-1952,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:XLW4-HPR : accessed 17 August 2015), Adolph P Freimuth and Mamie Van Norden, 17 Oct 1895; citing Los Angeles, California, United States, county courthouses, California; FHL microfilm 1,033,143.

“California Marriages, 1850-1945,” , FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:V2ZQ-79C : accessed 17 August 2015), Adolph P Freimuth and Mamie Van Norden, 17 Oct 1895; citing Los Angeles, California, United States; FHL microfilm 2,073,929.

Vancouver Daily World, July 8, 1897, page 8: “A. P. Freimuth has arrived from Victoria, having accepted the leadership of the Second Battalion, band. Prior to coming to this city he was a member of the Fifth Regiment band. He is a very good violin soloist and no doubt will be in great demand for concerts. Mr. Freimuth retains the leadership of the Victoria theatre orchestra.”

British Columbia Order in Council 305/1900, June 15, 1900; http://www.bclaws.ca/civix/document/id/arch_oic/arc_oic/0305_1900: [authorized the gold commissioner for the Atlin Lake Mining Division to issue to J.F. Murton, A.P. Freimuth and others a lease each of certain ground for hydraulic purposes situated at Spruce Creek.]

British Columbia Order in Council 1699/1913, December 23, 1913, http://www.bclaws.ca/civix/document/id/arch_oic/arc_oic/1699_1913 [refers to Order in Council 305/1900, which authorized the gold commissioner for the Atlin Lake Mining Division to issue to J.F. Murton, A.P. Freimuth and others a lease each of certain ground for hydraulic purposes situated at Spruce Creek.]

“Canada Census, 1901,” database, FamilySearch(https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:KHVN-2RM : accessed 17 August 2015), Adolph Friemuth, D, Burrard, British Columbia, Canada; citing p. 3, Library and Archives of Canada, Ottawa; http://automatedgenealogy.com/census/View.jsp?id=59845&highlight=35&desc=1901+Census+of+Canada+page+containing+Adolph+Friemuth

“Canada Census, 1901,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:KHRG-K14 : accessed 17 August 2015), Adolp Freimuth, F, Unorganized Territories/territoires Non-organisés, The Territories, Canada; citing p. 13, Library and Archives of Canada, Ottawa; http://data2.collectionscanada.ca/1901/z/z004/pdf/z000185048.pdf

1901 Canada Census, District: Tt Unorganized Territories/Territoi (#206); Subdistrict: Dawson City (Yukon) F-17 Page 14; “A.P. Freemuth” [sic]; http://automatedgenealogy.com/census/View.jsp?id=113395&highlight=10&desc=1901+Census+of+Canada+page+containing+A.P.+Freemuth; http://data2.collectionscanada.ca/1901/z/z004/pdf/z000185082.pdf [1901 Canada Census, Item Number: 878242; Surname: Freenink [sic]; Given Name(s): A P; Province: The Territories; District Name: Unorganized Territories; Sub-District Name: Yukonl; Sub-District Number: F; Division Number: 17; Family Number: 2; Page Number: 7; Microfilm: T-6555; http://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/census/1901/Pages/item.aspx?itemid=878242]

Polks Gazetteer 1903 directory, http://www.yukongenealogy.com/search?search=freimuth: Freimuth Adolph P., Musician

“United States Census, 1910,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MGVF-F7X : accessed 17 August 2015), Adolph P Freimuth, Seattle Ward 11, King, Washington, United States; citing enumeration district (ED) 190, sheet 14A, family 360, NARA microfilm publication T624 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.); FHL microfilm 1,375,675.

Adolph Paul Freimuth; http://www.worldcat.org/title/adolph-paul-freimuth/oclc/62981101&referer=brief_results: “Adolph Paul Freimuth, known as “A.P.” or “Chief.” This photo was taken about 1958 in his Elks band uniform. He was the founder and leader of this band until his eyesight failed.”

Previous Directors of the A.C. Davis High School Band, http://acdavisbands.com/previous-directors/; 1917-1926, A. P. Freimuth: “Mr. A. P. Freimuth (Chief) was born in Potsdam Germany, where he received his musical education. His family came to Texas and he remained in Germany to complete his education, then came to America in 1886.

He first settled in Yakima in approximately 1917. He formed the first Davis High School band, which was not an official school unit, but was known as the “Rotary Boys Band” in the late 1920’s. There were approximately 20 members. He enlisted Mr. Wright to help him by selling instruments to the students. The band was moved to the high school in 1927, where Mr. Avery Olson became the first official director and stayed so for 15 years.

Mr. Freimuth has done many interesting things, such as having a band and orchestra in Alaska during the Gold Rush. He also played in the Royal Canadian Mounted Band and with the Seattle Symphony.”

“United States Census, 1920,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MHNF-79K : accessed 19 August 2015), Adolph Paul, Yakima, Yakima, Washington, United States; citing sheet 5A, family 110, NARA microfilm publication T625 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.); FHL microfilm 1,821,946.

“United States Census, 1930,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:XCQG-16T : accessed 17 August 2015), Adolph P Freimuth, Fruitrale, Yakima, Washington, United States; citing enumeration district (ED) 0050, sheet 4B, family 109, line 99, NARA microfilm publication T626 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 2002), roll 2524; FHL microfilm 2,342,258.

“United States Census, 1940,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:K9SY-GR7 : accessed 17 August 2015), Adolph P Freimuth, Election Precinct 49 West Fruitvale, Yakima, Washington, United States; citing enumeration district (ED) 39-47, sheet 5A, family 101, NARA digital publication T627 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 2012), roll 4372.

“United States Social Security Death Index,” , FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:V3K9-3QM : accessed 17 August 2015), Adolph  Freimuth, Nov 1971; citing U.S. Social Security Administration, Death Master File, database (Alexandria, Virginia: National Technical Information Service, ongoing).

“Find A Grave Index,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:QVK9-6PG3 : accessed 17 August 2015), Adolph Paul Freimuth, 1971; Burial, Ephrata, Grant, Washington, United States of America, Ephrata Cemetery; citing record ID 29507196, Find a Grave, http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=29507196.

“BillionGraves Index,” , FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:2VW2-V6N : accessed 17 August 2015), Adolph Paul Freimuth, ; citing , , , BillionGraves (http://www.billiongraves.com : 2012).

 

Nellie (Mamie) Van Norden (Wife of Adolph Paul Freimuth)

“United States Census, 1880,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:M6P3-FXX : accessed 19 August 2015), Mamie Van Norden in household of William E Ward, Quincy, Plumas, California, United States; citing enumeration district 81, sheet 404B, NARA microfilm publication T9 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.), roll 0070; FHL microfilm 1,254,070.

“Washington, Death Certificates, 1907-1960,” , FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:N35X-T7X : accessed 17 August 2015), Nellie Freimuth, 07 Apr 1932; citing Yakima, Yakima, Washington, reference 97, Bureau of Vital Statistics, Olympia; FHL microfilm 2,023,061; http://www.digitalarchives.wa.gov/Record/View/538878C021E798E05B148197FC3472D8

 

Mary Arline Horsley Freimuth (wife of Adolph Paul Freimuth)

Mary Arline Horsley Freimuth, http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=29507161

“Find A Grave Index,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:QVK9-6PGQ : accessed 19 August 2015), Mary Arline Horsley Freimuth, 1992; Burial, Ephrata, Grant, Washington, United States of America, Ephrata Cemetery; citing record ID 29507161, Find a Grave, http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=29507161.

“BillionGraves Index,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:2VW2-VV4 : accessed 19 August 2015), M Arline Horsley Freimuth, died 1992; citing BillionGraves (http://www.billiongraves.com : 2012), Burial at Ephrata Cemetery, Ephrata, Grant, Washington, United States.

“United States Public Records, 1970-2009,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:KT25-LQF : accessed 19 August 2015), Arline H Freimuth, Residence, Agoura Hills, California, United States; a third party aggregator of publicly available information.

 

Delmer C. Freimuth (son of Adolph Paul Freimuth)

“United States Census, 1930,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:SRDN-Y2M : accessed 17 August 2015), Delmar C Freimuth, Naval Reservation, Escambia, Florida, United States; citing enumeration district (ED) 0051, sheet 3A, family 70, line 35, NARA microfilm publication T626 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 2002), roll 315; FHL microfilm 2,340,050.

“United States Census, 1940,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:K9SF-HQM : accessed 17 August 2015), Delmer C Freimuth, East Spokane Township, Spokane, Washington, United States; citing enumeration district (ED) 32-17, sheet 11B, family 272, NARA digital publication T627 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 2012), roll 4362.

Fairbanks Daily News-Miner, Fairbanks, Alaska, December 3, 1953, page 12: “Ketchikan, (Special)—Chief of Police Del Freimuth submitted his resignation from the city police department November 23, city manager Victor Guns has announced. Freimuth will leave his position as of December 1, Guns reported and said he (Guns) would be acting chief of police until that time and until a replacement is made. Applications for a new chief will be received with appointment to be made as soon as possible, it was reported. Freimuth has been chief of police since August 1, 1952, when he took his oath of office. . . .”

Vice, scandal and corruption in the First City!, By Louise Brinck Harrington, Stories in the News, November 26, 2003, Wednesday – 12:30 am, http://www.sitnews.us/LouiseHarrington/CreekStreet/112603_grand_jury.html.

History of Creek Street Has Always Been Commerce, By Dave Kiffer, Stories in the News; June 10, 2009, http://www.sitnews.us/Kiffer/CreekStreet/061009_creek_street.html. [Refers to Del Freimuth as a police officer in Ketchikan, Alaska.]

“California Marriage Index, 1960-1985,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:V6NL-28N : accessed 17 August 2015), Delmer C Freimuth and Leda Christensen, 12 Aug 1961; from “California, Marriage Index, 1960-1985,” database and images, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : 2007); citing Santa Cruz, California, Center of Health Statistics, California Department of Health Services, Sacramento.

“California Marriage Index, 1960-1985,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:V629-VSV : accessed 17 August 2015), Delmer C Freimuth and Leda W Loe, 12 Aug 1961; from “California, Marriage Index, 1960-1985,” database and images, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : 2007); citing Santa Cruz, California, Center of Health Statistics, California Department of Health Services, Sacramento.

“United States Social Security Death Index,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:J1Y8-W6T : accessed 26 August 2015), Del Freimuth, Aug 1978; citing U.S. Social Security Administration, Death Master File, database (Alexandria, Virginia: National Technical Information Service, ongoing); http://www.digitalarchives.wa.gov/Record/View/1AB51BFECFB0034E2F77806D9F220F7A.

“Nevada, Marriage Index, 1956-2005,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:VV8Q-KQX : accessed 26 August 2015), Van Chris Alexon and Leda Freimuth, 23 Sep 1979; from “Nevada, Marriage Index, 1956-2005,” database, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : 2007); citing Clark, Nevada, United States, County Book 577, p. B224937, archive film number 320189, Nevada State Health Division, Carson City, and Clark County Marriage Bureau, Las Vegas.

 

Kathleen Eloisa “Kitty” Rockwell (“Klondike Kate”)

Klondike Kate (1876-1957), Oregon Encyclopedia, http://www.oregonencyclopedia.org/articles/klondike_kate/#.VdNr2_lViBQ

Kathleen Rockwell, Wikipedia article, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kathleen_Rockwell.

Klondike Kate: “Queen of the Yukon,” 1876 – 1957, Jennifer Houdek, Lit-Site Alaska, http://www.litsite.org/index.cfm?section=digital-archives&page=industry&cat=Mining&viewpost=2&contentid=2713.