1842 Beach Avenue

English Bay bathhouses, early 1900s; detail from Diving at English Bay; Vancouver Public Library; VPL Accession Number 5465; https://www3.vpl.ca/spePhotos/LeonardFrankCollection/02DisplayJPGs/1195/5465.jpg.

English Bay bathhouses, early 1900s; detail from Diving at English Bay; Vancouver Public Library; VPL Accession Number 5465; https://www3.vpl.ca/spePhotos/LeonardFrankCollection/02DisplayJPGs/1195/5465.jpg.

The Crescent and the Pavilion (from the rear, looking south), 1907; detail from English Bay with two buildings from Denman Street; Vancouver Public Library; VPL Accession Number 30146; https://www3.vpl.ca/spePhotos/LeonardFrankCollection/02DisplayJPGs/343/30146.jpg.

The Crescent and the Pavilion (from the rear, looking south), 1907; detail from English Bay with two buildings from Denman Street; Vancouver Public Library; VPL Accession Number 30146; https://www3.vpl.ca/spePhotos/LeonardFrankCollection/02DisplayJPGs/343/30146.jpg.

The Pavilion and the Crescent, 1899, detail from English Bay Beach; Vancouver City Archives, Be P81; https://searcharchives.vancouver.ca/english-bay-beach-9.

The Pavilion and the Crescent, 1899, detail from English Bay Beach; Vancouver City Archives, Be P81; https://searcharchives.vancouver.ca/english-bay-beach-9.

1842 Beach Avenue was the address of the English Bay Bathing and Athletic Club.

Henderson’s BC Gazetteer and Directory, 1903, page 675.

Henderson’s BC Gazetteer and Directory, 1903, page 675.

Legal Description: District Lot 185; Block 71; approximately Lot 37.

1800 Block Beach Avenue - Insurance plan - City of Vancouver, July 1897, revised June 1903 - Sheet 45 - Comox Street to English Bay and Bidwell Street to Stanley Park.

1800 Block Beach Avenue – Insurance plan – City of Vancouver, July 1897, revised June 1903 – Sheet 45 – Comox Street to English Bay and Bidwell Street to Stanley Park.

1800 Block Beach Avenue - Detail from Goad's Atlas of the city of Vancouver - 1912 - Vol 1 - Plate 8 - Barclay Street to English Bay and Cardero Street to Stanley Park

1800 Block Beach Avenue – Detail from Goad’s Atlas of the city of Vancouver – 1912 – Vol 1 – Plate 8 – Barclay Street to English Bay and Cardero Street to Stanley Park.

 

History

In the late 1890s and early 1900s, there were two bath-houses on English Bay that also served as locations for social events. The building on the west was “The Pavilion”; the one on the east was “The Crescent”.

Bath house under construction; detail from English Bay Beach, about 1900 [actually about 1898]; Vancouver City Archives, Be P9; https://searcharchives.vancouver.ca/english-bay-beach-5.

Bath house under construction; detail from English Bay Beach, about 1900 [actually about 1898]; Vancouver City Archives, Be P9; https://searcharchives.vancouver.ca/english-bay-beach-5.

The Pavilion and The Crescent, about 1901; detail from English Bay Beach; Vancouver City Archives; Be P97.2; https://searcharchives.vancouver.ca/english-bay-beach-12.

The Pavilion and The Crescent, about 1901; detail from English Bay Beach; Vancouver City Archives; Be P97.2; https://searcharchives.vancouver.ca/english-bay-beach-12.

Vancouver Province, July 14, 1898, page 5, column 4.

Vancouver Province, July 14, 1898, page 5, column 4.

Vancouver Daily World, July 16, 1898, page 7, column 2.

Vancouver Daily World, July 16, 1898, page 7, column 2.

Vancouver Province, July 22, 1898, page 4, column 3.

Vancouver Province, July 22, 1898, page 4, column 3.

In 1901, the English Bay Bathing and Athletic Club took over both the Pavilion and the Crescent.

Vancouver Province, May 27, 1901, page 2, column 3.

Vancouver Province, May 27, 1901, page 2, column 3.

Vancouver directory listings for 1842 Beach Avenue from 1903 to 1907.

1903 to 1905 English Bay Bathing and Athletic Club (John Knox Mecredy, manager)
1906 to 1907 Holmfeld, Helmuth Emanuel Edwin Bernhard Dirckink-Holmfeld

In 1905, the City of Vancouver approved plans for a new bath house and boat house. Parr and Fee were the architects.

Vancouver Daily World, March 4, 1905, page 10, column 5.

Vancouver Daily World, March 4, 1905, page 10, column 5.

Vancouver Daily World, June 3, 1905, page 9, column 5.

Vancouver Daily World, June 3, 1905, page 9, column 5.

At first, the lower level of the bathhouse was unfinished.

Bathhouse at English Bay, about 1905; Vancouver City Archives, Be P12.03; https://searcharchives.vancouver.ca/bathhouse-at-english-bay.

Bathhouse at English Bay, about 1905; Vancouver City Archives, Be P12.03; https://searcharchives.vancouver.ca/bathhouse-at-english-bay.

Disputes over the methods of construction and other complaints about the facility led the city to approve further construction in 1906. Parr and Fee prepared the plans for the additional work.

Vancouver Daily World, March 29, 1906, page 8, column 3.

Vancouver Daily World, March 29, 1906, page 8, column 3.

A crowd on the beach in front of the English Bay bathhouse, about 1910 [sic]; Vancouver City Archives, CVA 1376-80.32; https://searcharchives.vancouver.ca/crowd-on-beach-in-front-of-english-bay-bathhouse.

A crowd on the beach in front of the English Bay bathhouse, about 1910 [sic]; Vancouver City Archives, CVA 1376-80.32; https://searcharchives.vancouver.ca/crowd-on-beach-in-front-of-english-bay-bathhouse.

At the end of 1907, the Parks Board approved the demolition of the old pavilions, leaving only the newer facility on that portion of the beach.

Vancouver Province, December 31, 1907, page 10, column 3.

Vancouver Province, December 31, 1907, page 10, column 3.

English Bay Bathing House; detail from Goad’s Atlas of Vancouver, volume 1; Plate 63; Denman Street to Comox Street to Stanley Park boundary to English Bay]; Vancouver City Archives, 1972-582.38; https://searcharchives.vancouver.ca/plate-63-denman-street-to-comox-street-to-stanley-park-boundary-to-english-bay.

English Bay Bathing House; detail from Goad’s Atlas of Vancouver, volume 1; Plate 63; Denman Street to Comox Street to Stanley Park boundary to English Bay]; Vancouver City Archives, 1972-582.38; https://searcharchives.vancouver.ca/plate-63-denman-street-to-comox-street-to-stanley-park-boundary-to-english-bay.

In 1908, Edward Evans Blackmore designed an additional bathing pavilion for English Bay.

Vancouver Daily World, October 29, 1908, page 7, column 5.

Vancouver Daily World, October 29, 1908, page 7, column 5.

Construction: A Journal for the Architectural, Engineering and Contracting Interests of Canada, May 1909; Volume 2, number 7, page 63; https://books.google.com/books?id=HjpKAQAAMAAJ&pg=RA6-PA63#v=onepage&q&f=false.

Construction: A Journal for the Architectural, Engineering and Contracting Interests of Canada, May 1909; Volume 2, number 7, page 63; https://books.google.com/books?id=HjpKAQAAMAAJ&pg=RA6-PA63#v=onepage&q&f=false.

In February 1909, Mr. Blackmore advertised for tenders to build the pavilion.

Vancouver Province, February 12, 1909, page 6, column 5.

Vancouver Province, February 12, 1909, page 6, column 5.

Vancouver Province, February 13, 1909, page 18.

Vancouver Province, February 13, 1909, page 18.

Albert Adams was the successful bidder.

Vancouver Province, February 18, 1909, page 11, column 2.

Vancouver Province, February 18, 1909, page 11, column 2.

By July 1910, the work on the new pavilion was still not complete.

Vancouver Daily World, July 7, 1910, page 22, column 3 [first portion of article].

Vancouver Daily World, July 7, 1910, page 22, column 3 [first portion of article].

The contractor later handed the pavilion over to the city.

English Bay Bathing House; detail from Goad’s Atlas of Vancouver, volume 1; Plate 63; Denman Street to Comox Street to Stanley Park boundary to English Bay]; Vancouver City Archives, 1972-582.38; https://searcharchives.vancouver.ca/plate-63-denman-street-to-comox-street-to-stanley-park-boundary-to-english-bay.

English Bay Bathing House; detail from Goad’s Atlas of Vancouver, volume 1; Plate 63; Denman Street to Comox Street to Stanley Park boundary to English Bay]; Vancouver City Archives, 1972-582.38; https://searcharchives.vancouver.ca/plate-63-denman-street-to-comox-street-to-stanley-park-boundary-to-english-bay.

English Bay Bathing Pavilion; detail from An August day at English Bay, Vancouver B.C.; Vancouver City Archives, Be P144.2; https://searcharchives.vancouver.ca/august-day-at-english-bay-vancouver-b-c-2.

English Bay Bathing Pavilion; detail from An August day at English Bay, Vancouver B.C.; Vancouver City Archives, Be P144.2; https://searcharchives.vancouver.ca/august-day-at-english-bay-vancouver-b-c-2.

For several years, the two bathing pavilions stood side by side on the beach.

English Bay Bathhouses, August 3, 1930; detail from English Bay scene; Vancouver City Archives, CVA 99-2120; https://searcharchives.vancouver.ca/english-bay-scene-3.

English Bay Bathhouses, August 3, 1930; detail from English Bay scene; Vancouver City Archives, CVA 99-2120; https://searcharchives.vancouver.ca/english-bay-scene-3.

In 1931, the Parks Board decided to demolish the 1910 building.

Vancouver Sun, January 23, 1931, page 4, column 2.

Vancouver Sun, January 23, 1931, page 4, column 2.

In February 1931, the Parks Board approved plans for a new concrete bathhouse.

Vancouver Province, February 13, 1931, page 12, columns 5-6.

Vancouver Province, February 13, 1931, page 12, columns 5-6.

In April 1931, the Parks Board invited tenders for work on a new bathhouse.

Vancouver Province, April 10, 1931, page 25, column 2.

Vancouver Province, April 10, 1931, page 25, column 2.

On June 1, the new bathhouse was still under construction.

Vancouver Province, June 1, 1931, page 18, column 4.

Vancouver Province, June 1, 1931, page 18, column 4.

Most of the new bathhouse was finished by the beginning of July.

Vancouver Province, July 2, 1931, page 16, column 4.

Vancouver Province, July 2, 1931, page 16, column 4.

The 1910 bathhouse buildings remained in place until the early 1960s.

English Bay; 1946; Vancouver City Archives, CVA 586-4568; https://searcharchives.vancouver.ca/english-bay-13.

English Bay; 1946; Vancouver City Archives, CVA 586-4568; https://searcharchives.vancouver.ca/english-bay-13.

In 1939, the Vancouver Parks Board leased part of the 1910 bathhouses to Ivar Haglund (1905-1985), who operated an aquarium on the site until October 1955. (The commemorative plaque below states that the aquarium operated until October 1956.)

Vancouver's First Aquarium plaque, 1986 or 1987; Vancouver City Archives, CVA 775-175; https://searcharchives.vancouver.ca/vancouvers-first-aquarium-plaque.

Vancouver’s First Aquarium plaque, 1986 or 1987; Vancouver City Archives, CVA 775-175; https://searcharchives.vancouver.ca/vancouvers-first-aquarium-plaque.

(Vancouver had an even-earlier aquarium at Hastings Park. For more information, see The Age of Aquaria, Vancouver as it Was; April 22, 2018; https://vanasitwas.wordpress.com/2018/04/22/the-age-of-aquaria/.)

By the mid-1940s, complaints about the aquarium had started to become common, and there were calls for a new aquarium. Proponents suggested various locations in Stanley Park, including one on Georgia Street and another on the south side of Lost Lagoon. By 1952, the Parks Board was reviewing plans for a new aquarium.

Vancouver Sun, March 24, 1952, page 4, columns 1-2.

Vancouver Sun, March 24, 1952, page 4, columns 1-2.

The new Stanley Park aquarium officially opened on June 15, 1956.

Vancouver Province, June 16, 1956, page 22, columns 1-2.

Vancouver Province, June 16, 1956, page 22, columns 1-2.

In February 1964, the Parks Board demolished the 1910 bathhouses on English Bay.

Vancouver Sun, February 11, 1964, page 3, columns 1-3.

Vancouver Sun, February 11, 1964, page 3, columns 1-3.

The 1931 bathhouses have remained on the site until the present time.

English Bay Bathhouse before repainting, 1986 or 1987 [cropped]; Vancouver City Archives, CVA 775-40.1; https://searcharchives.vancouver.ca/english-bay-bathhouse-before-repainting-2.

English Bay Bathhouse before repainting, 1986 or 1987 [cropped]; Vancouver City Archives, CVA 775-40.1; https://searcharchives.vancouver.ca/english-bay-bathhouse-before-repainting-2.

Sources

Biographical Dictionary of Canadian Architects; PARR, John Edmeston (1856-1923); http://dictionaryofarchitectsincanada.org/node/1380: Parr and Fee: English Bay, Bathing Pavilion, Beach Avenue, 1905; addition, 1906 (C.R., xvi, 22 March 1905, 6; xvii, 11 April 1906, 5; Vancouver Daily World, 5 July 1905, 4, Letter to the Editor by Parr & Fee).

Biographical Dictionary of Canadian Architects; BLACKMORE, Edward Evans (1879-1929); http://dictionaryofarchitectsincanada.org/node/1135: (with W.T. Whiteway): ENGLISH BAY BATHING PAVILION, 1907; demol. 1939 (dwgs. Vancouver City Archives); FIRST BEACH, bath house and promenade, 1908-09 (Vancouver Daily World, 29 Oct. 1908, 7, descrip.; Const., ii, Nov. 1908, 65; C.R., xxiii, 17 Feb. 1909, 21).

Vancouver’s unbuilt leisure palace, by Sharon Walz, City of Vancouver Archives Blog; August 17, 2017; https://www.vancouverarchives.ca/2017/08/17/vancouvers-unbuilt-leisure-palace/.

The Age of Aquaria, Vancouver as it Was; April 22, 2018; https://vanasitwas.wordpress.com/2018/04/22/the-age-of-aquaria/.

 

Ivar Haglund

“Ivar Haglund’s Flying Circus,” Vancouver Sun, December 19, 1975, page 5A (includes biography of Ivar Haglund.)

“United States Census, 1910,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MGJC-MFS : accessed 6 March 2019), Ivar Haglund in household of J I Haglund, Seattle Ward 14, King, Washington, United States; citing enumeration district (ED) ED 218, sheet 1B, family 18, NARA microfilm publication T624 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1982), roll 1661; FHL microfilm 1,375,674.

“United States Census, 1930,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:XC3X-X4K : accessed 6 March 2019), Ivar Haglund, Seattle, King, Washington, United States; citing enumeration district (ED) ED 412, sheet 19A, line 12, family 206, NARA microfilm publication T626 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 2002), roll 2501; FHL microfilm 2,342,235.

“Washington Death Index, 1965-2014,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:QLWM-DXY9 : 13 July 2017), Ivar Haglund, 30 Jan 1985, King, Washington, United States; from the Department of Health, Death Index, 1907-1960; 1965-2014, Washington State Archives, Digital Archives (https://www.digitalarchives.wa.gov/Collections/TitleInfo/472 : n.d.); Citing Washington State Department of Health.

“United States Social Security Death Index,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:J1BW-G2H : 19 May 2014), Ivar Haglund, Jan 1985; citing U.S. Social Security Administration, Death Master File, database (Alexandria, Virginia: National Technical Information Service, ongoing).

“United States, GenealogyBank Obituaries, 1980-2014,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:QVS1-6WC5 : accessed 6 March 2019), Ivar Haglund, Pacific, Washington, United States, 31 Jan 1985; from “Recent Newspaper Obituaries (1977 – Today),” database, GenealogyBank.com (http://www.genealogybank.com : 2014); citing Seattle Times, The, born-digital text.

“United States, GenealogyBank Obituaries, 1980-2014,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:QVS1-6WH7 : accessed 6 March 2019), Ivar Haglund, Pacific, Washington, United States, 30 Jan 1985; from “Recent Newspaper Obituaries (1977 – Today),” database, GenealogyBank.com (http://www.genealogybank.com : 2014); citing Seattle Times, The, born-digital text.

“United States, GenealogyBank Obituaries, 1980-2014,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:QV53-X2MN : accessed 6 March 2019), Mr Ivar Haglund, Florida, United States, 01 Feb 1985; from “Recent Newspaper Obituaries (1977 – Today),” database, GenealogyBank.com (http://www.genealogybank.com : 2014); citing , born-digital text.

“Find A Grave Index,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:QVVN-FFVJ : 13 December 2015), Ivar Johan Haglund, 1985; Burial, , , ,, ; citing record ID 19764821, Find a Grave, https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/19764821: “Ivar Johan Haglund; Birth: 21 Mar 1905, Seattle, King County, Washington, USA; Death: 30 Jan 1985 (aged 79), Seattle, King County, Washington, USA; BURIAL: Unknown; Memorial ID: 19764821.”