Ludgate, Wallace Gordon (1865-1926)

Henderson’s BC Gazetteer and Directory, 1903, page 734.

Henderson’s BC Gazetteer and Directory, 1903, page 734.

Wallace Gordon Ludgate was a mechanical engineer. He lived at 1966 Georgia Street in 1902 and 1903.

 

Early Life

Wallace Gordon Ludgate was born in Ashburnham, Peterborough, Ontario on January 5, 1865. His parents were John Ludgate (1829-1886) and Elizabeth Blezard (1836-1915).

In 1871 and 1881, Wallace was living with his parents in Ashburnham.

According to his obituary, he spent several years in Hawaii (probably in the late 1880s).

 

Marriage to Sophronia Lewis

On April 16, 1891, in San Francisco, California, Wallace married Sophronia Spalding Lewis.

San Francisco Call, Volume 69, Number 139, 18 April 1891, page 8, column 7; https://cdnc.ucr.edu/cgi-bin/cdnc?a=d&d=SFC18910418.2.120.2.

San Francisco Call, Volume 69, Number 139, 18 April 1891, page 8, column 7; https://cdnc.ucr.edu/cgi-bin/cdnc?a=d&d=SFC18910418.2.120.2.

The Hawaiian Gazette (Honolulu, Hawaii), May 26, 1891, page 10, column 3.

The Hawaiian Gazette (Honolulu, Hawaii), May 26, 1891, page 10, column 3.

Sophronia was born in Madison, Indiana about 1864. Her parents were James E. Lewis (1811-1888) and Sophronia S. West (1818-1909).

Wallace and Sophronia went to live in Oregon City, Oregon.

Oregon City Enterprise, November 13, 1896, page 6, column 2; https://oregonnews.uoregon.edu/lccn/sn00063700/1896-11-13/ed-1/seq-6/.

Oregon City Enterprise, November 13, 1896, page 6, column 2; https://oregonnews.uoregon.edu/lccn/sn00063700/1896-11-13/ed-1/seq-6/.

In 1897, Wallace was working as a millwright in Oregon.

Portland, Oregon, City Directory, 1897, page 684, column 2.

Portland, Oregon, City Directory, 1897, page 684, column 2.

In 1898, Wallace’s mother travelled to Oregon to stay with Wallace and Sophronia.

Oregon City Courier-Herald, November 18, 1898, page 5, column 3; https://oregonnews.uoregon.edu/lccn/sn00063697/1898-11-18/ed-1/seq-5/.

Oregon City Courier-Herald, November 18, 1898, page 5, column 3; https://oregonnews.uoregon.edu/lccn/sn00063697/1898-11-18/ed-1/seq-5/.

 

To Vancouver

In 1899, Wallace and his family moved to Vancouver.

Oregon City Courier-Herald, April 21, 1899, page 5, column 3; https://oregonnews.uoregon.edu/lccn/sn00063697/1899-04-21/ed-1/seq-5/.

Oregon City Courier-Herald, April 21, 1899, page 5, column 3; https://oregonnews.uoregon.edu/lccn/sn00063697/1899-04-21/ed-1/seq-5/.

In the 1899-1900 Vancouver directory, Wallace was at 1178 Pender Street.

Vancouver City Directory, 1899-1900, page 200.

Vancouver City Directory, 1899-1900, page 200.

According to the 1900 United States census, Wallace and the rest of the family were living in Seattle, Washington; Wallace was working as a mill hand.

In 1903, Wallace advertised for people to work at Arrowhead, a town that was at the head of Upper Arrowhead Lake in the Kootenay region of British Columbia.

Vancouver Daily World, May 8, 1903, page 6, column 5.

Vancouver Daily World, May 8, 1903, page 6, column 5.

(Arrowhead no longer exists. It was submerged when the lake level arose after the construction of the High Arrow Dam on the Columbia River in the 1960s. In 1969, the dam became known as the Hugh Keenleyside dam.)

 

Back to United States

By 1905, Wallace and his family were in Seattle, Washington.

Morning Oregonian, November 15, 1905, page 13, column 1; https://oregonnews.uoregon.edu/lccn/sn83025138/1905-11-15/ed-1/seq-13/.

Morning Oregonian, November 15, 1905, page 13, column 1; https://oregonnews.uoregon.edu/lccn/sn83025138/1905-11-15/ed-1/seq-13/.

They were also in Seattle at the time of the 1910 United States census.

About 1919, they moved to Portland, Oregon. Wallace liked to solve the chess problems that appeared in the local newspaper.

The Sunday Oregonian, May 22, 1921, Section Five, page 8, column 6, https://oregonnews.uoregon.edu/lccn/sn83045782/1921-05-22/ed-1/seq-72/.

The Sunday Oregonian, May 22, 1921, Section Five, page 8, column 6, https://oregonnews.uoregon.edu/lccn/sn83045782/1921-05-22/ed-1/seq-72/.

In 1925, Sophronia and her daughter, Alice, went to Hawaii to visit Sophronia’s sister, Kate.

Honolulu Star-Bulletin, July 18, 1925, page 11, column 4.

Honolulu Star-Bulletin, July 18, 1925, page 11, column 4.

Sophronia Ludgate, Irene Renton (wife of George Renton Jr.) and Kate Lewis Renton (sister of Sophronia Ludgate); Throwback Thursday: Meda’s relatives in Hawaii in the 1920s; posted on April 17, 2014 by Ian Lind; http://ilind.net/gallery_2014/renton_hawaii/source/2.html.

Sophronia Ludgate, Irene Renton (wife of George Renton Jr.) and Kate Lewis Renton (sister of Sophronia Ludgate); Throwback Thursday: Meda’s relatives in Hawaii in the 1920s; posted on April 17, 2014 by Ian Lind; http://ilind.net/gallery_2014/renton_hawaii/source/2.html.

Wallace died in Portland on December 26, 1926.

Sophronia died in Oregon in 1938.

Wallace and Sophronia had the following children.

 

Katherine Eva Ludgate

Katherine Eva Ludgate was born in Oregon, on June 11, 1892.

In 1900 and 1910, she was living with her parents in Seattle, Washington. (Like her younger sister and her brother, she was probably with her family when they lived briefly in Vancouver in the early 1900s.)

In 1912 and 1913, she was in Hawaii.

She studied classics, and in 1918, she received a M.S. degree in psychology from the University of Washington in 1918.

In 1920, she was living with her parents in Portland, Oregon.

In 1921, she received a Ph.D. from the University of Chicago, and she became an instructor in psychology at the University of Minnesota.

Minneapolis, Minnesota, City Directory, 1924, page 1401, column 1.

Minneapolis, Minnesota, City Directory, 1924, page 1401, column 1.

On June 19, 1925, she married Herbert Hollingsworth Woodrow, who was a psychology professor.

The Minneapolis Star (Minneapolis, Minnesota), June 12, 1925, page 19, column 2 (selected portions).

The Minneapolis Star (Minneapolis, Minnesota), June 12, 1925, page 19, column 2 (selected portions).

Herbert was born in Chillicothe, Ohio on February 25, 1883. His parents were Thomas and Helen Sill Woodrow.

Ancestry.com. U.S., College Student Lists, 1763-1924 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2012. Catalogue of graduates, non-graduates, officers, and members of the faculties, 1837-1921. University of Michigan. Name: Herbert Hollingsworth Woodrow; Publication Year: 1923; Publication State: Michigan; School Name: University of Michigan; Residence: Minneapolis, Minnesota.

Ancestry.com. U.S., College Student Lists, 1763-1924 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2012. Catalogue of graduates, non-graduates, officers, and members of the faculties, 1837-1921. University of Michigan. Name: Herbert Hollingsworth Woodrow; Publication Year: 1923; Publication State: Michigan; School Name: University of Michigan; Residence: Minneapolis, Minnesota.

In 1928, Katherine and Herbert moved to Champaign, Illinois, where Herbert became the head of the psychology department at the University of Illinois.

In 1941, Herbert was the president of the American Psychological Association.

In 1942, he registered with the United States military draft system.

He became professor emeritus in 1950.

Herbert died on June 14, 1974. (The United States Social Security death index gives his death date as June 14, 1947, but this seems to be an error.)

Katherine died on March 17, 1992.

 

Alice May Ludgate

Alice May Ludgate was born in Portland, Oregon on May 21, 1894.

In 1900 and 1910, she was living with her parents in Seattle, Washington.

She spent some time as a swimming instructor.

The Sunday Oregonian, May 12, 1918, Section Three, Page 12, Image 52; column 7; https://oregonnews.uoregon.edu/lccn/sn83045782/1918-05-12/ed-1/seq-52//

The Sunday Oregonian, May 12, 1918, Section Three, Page 12, Image 52; column 7; https://oregonnews.uoregon.edu/lccn/sn83045782/1918-05-12/ed-1/seq-52//

In 1924, Alice and her mother went to Hawaii.

The Honolulu Advertiser, December 28, 1924, page 6, column 4.

The Honolulu Advertiser, December 28, 1924, page 6, column 4.

Alice Ludgate in Waikiki, with Diamond Head in the background; Throwback Thursday: Meda’s relatives in Hawaii in the 1920s; posted on April 17, 2014 by Ian Lind; http://ilind.net/gallery_2014/renton_hawaii/source/9.html.

Alice Ludgate in Waikiki, with Diamond Head in the background; Throwback Thursday: Meda’s relatives in Hawaii in the 1920s; posted on April 17, 2014 by Ian Lind; http://ilind.net/gallery_2014/renton_hawaii/source/9.html.

Later in 1925, Alice went home to Portland.

Honolulu Star-Bulletin, November 10, 1925, page 8, column 4.

Honolulu Star-Bulletin, November 10, 1925, page 8, column 4.

It appears that she never married.

She died in Portland on April 25, 1987.

 

Wallace Gordon Ludgate, Junior

Wallace Gordon Ludgate, Junior was born in Portland, Oregon on March 9, 1896.

In 1913, he began working as a radio operator.

In February 1917 he was in Hong Kong. He applied for a United States passport to travel to China and Japan as part of his work as a wireless radio operator.

Wallace Ludgate, U.S. passport application, 1917.

Wallace Ludgate, U.S. passport application, 1917.

In 1920, he applied for a seaman’s protection certificate.

Wallace G. Ludgate Jr.; application for seaman´s protection certificate, April 12, 1920.

Wallace G. Ludgate Jr.; application for seaman´s protection certificate, April 12, 1920.

By 1930, he was a foreman for a telephone company in Riverdale, Oregon. He was living with his wife, Doris, who was born in Minnesota on April 19, 1894.

In 1940, Wallace and Doris were in Portland, Oregon. Wallace was a clerk for a telephone company

In 1942, Wallace registered with the United States military draft system.

Wallace died in Portland on September 10, 1961.

Doris died in Portland on October 27, 1979.

 

Theodore Ludgate and the Deadman’s Island Dispute: A Brief Note

Theodore Ludgate was Wallace Ludgate’s older brother. He became well-known in relation to the dispute over Deadman’s Island, which is near Stanley Park in Vancouver.

Although most sources refer to Theodore as “an American capitalist,” he was born in Ontario about 1857.

In 1899, the federal government leased Deadman’s Island to Theodore, so that he could build a sawmill on the island.

However, the City of Vancouver claimed that the island was part of Stanley Park. In 1887, a federal order in council said that the federal government would “hand over” the government military reserve to the City of Vancouver for use as a park. The federal government retained the right “to resume the property when required at any time.” (In 1906, the federal government agreed to cancel the earlier reserve of Stanley Park and to lease the property to the City of Vancouver for park purposes for “99 years renewable.” The lease came into force on November 1, 1908. The rent was one dollar per year. In 2007, the federal government renewed the Stanley Park lease for a further 99 years.)

The federal government asserted that the island was not part of Stanley Park, and that the island was still federal real property. Therefore, the federal government maintained that their lease to Theodore Ludgate was valid.

There was a showdown between city officials and Theodore’s workers.

Chicago Tribune, May 9, 1899, page 1, column 6.

Chicago Tribune, May 9, 1899, page 1, column 6.

After years of litigation, the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council (Canada’s final court of appeal at the time) concluded that the island was federal real property.

Theodore died at Camp Borden, Ontario on February 10, 1917. He was buried in Little Lake Cemetery in Peterborough, Ontario. His estate consisted of less than $2,000 in personal property.

The federal lease to Theodore (and his successors) expired in 1924. In 1930, the federal government leased the island to the City of Vancouver for park purposes. During the Second World War, the federal government cancelled the lease and used the island as a military and naval reserve from then on.

 

Sources

John Ludgate (father of Wallace G. Ludgate)

John Ludgate: 1829 – 18 April 1886

“Canada Census, 1851,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MWTZ-163 : 3 August 2016), John Ledgate, Hamilton, Northumberland County, Canada West (Ontario), Canada; citing p. 21, line 38; Library and Archives Canada film number C_11740, Public Archives, Ontario.

“Ontario Census, 1861,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MQ7G-F4M : 5 September 2017), John Ludgate, Ashburnham, Peterborough, Ontario, Canada; citing p. 8, line 37; Library and Archives Canada film number C-1065-1066, Public Archives, Toronto; FHL microfilm 2,435,939.

“Canada Census, 1871,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:M471-17F : 22 August 2018), John Ludgate, Ashburnham, Peterborough, Peterborough, Ontario, Canada; citing 1871; citing National Archives of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario.

“Canada Census, 1881,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MVX5-D8H : 11 March 2018), John Ludgate, ; from “1881 Canadian Census.” Database with images. Ancestry. (www.ancestry.com : 2008); citing Ashburnham, Peterborough East, Ontario, Canada; 1830; p. 44; Library and Archives Canada film number C-13240, Library and Archives Canada, Ottawa, Ontario.

“Ontario Deaths, 1869-1937 and Overseas Deaths, 1939-1947,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:JFNR-RZD : 9 March 2018), John Ludgate, 18 Apr 1886; citing Ontario, 491-4, Archives of Ontario, Toronto; FHL microfilm 1,853,482.

“Find A Grave Index,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:QV2K-G3PY : 13 December 2015), John Ludgate, 1886; Burial, Peterborough, Peterborough, Ontario, Canada, Little Lake Cemetery; citing record ID 73122994, Find a Grave, https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/73122994: “John Ludgate; Birth: 1829, Scotland; Death: 18 Apr 1886 (aged 56–57), Ontario, Canada; Burial: Little Lake Cemetery, Peterborough, Peterborough County, Ontario, Canada; Memorial ID: 73122994.”

 

Elizabet Blezard (mother of Wallace Gordon Ludgate)

Elizabeth Blezard 30 December 1836 – 14 November 1915. Birth: 30 December 1836, Hamilton, Northumberland, Ontario, Canada; Death: 14 November 1915; Peterborough, Ontario, Canada

“Canada Census, 1871,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:M471-17R : 22 August 2018), Elizabeth Ludgate, Ashburnham, Peterborough, Peterborough, Ontario, Canada; citing 1871; citing National Archives of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario.

“Canada Census, 1881,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MVX5-D8C : 11 March 2018), Elizabeth Ludgate in entry for John Ludgate, ; from “1881 Canadian Census.” Database with images. Ancestry. (www.ancestry.com : 2008); citing Ashburnham, Peterborough East, Ontario, Canada; 1838; p. 45; Library and Archives Canada film number C-13240, Library and Archives Canada, Ottawa, Ontario.

“Find A Grave Index,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:QV2K-G3PT : 11 July 2016), Elizabeth Blezard Ludgate, 1915; Burial, Peterborough, Peterborough, Ontario, Canada, Little Lake Cemetery; citing record ID 73123054, Find a Grave, https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/73123054: Elizabeth Blezard Ludgate; Birth: 30 Dec 1836, Ontario, Canada; Death: 14 Nov 1915 (aged 78), Ontario, Canada; Burial: Little Lake Cemetery, Peterborough, Peterborough County, Ontario, Canada; Memorial ID: 73123054.”

 

Wallace Gordon Ludgate

“Canada Census, 1871,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:M471-17Y : 22 August 2018), Wallace Ludgate in household of Elizabeth Ludgate, Ashburnham, Peterborough, Peterborough, Ontario, Canada; citing 1871; citing National Archives of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario.

“Canada Census, 1881,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MVX5-D8D : 11 March 2018), Wallace Ludgate in entry for John Ludgate, ; from “1881 Canadian Census.” Database with images. Ancestry. (www.ancestry.com : 2008); citing Ashburnham, Peterborough East, Ontario, Canada; 1865; p. 45; Library and Archives Canada film number C-13240, Library and Archives Canada, Ottawa, Ontario.

“United States Census, 1900,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MMPV-MXF : accessed 12 September 2018), J [sic: W] Lindgate, Precinct 2 Seattle city Ward 8, King, Washington, United States; citing enumeration district (ED) 114, sheet 13B, family 249, NARA microfilm publication T623 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1972.); FHL microfilm 1,241,745.

“United States Census, 1910,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MGJH-K82 : accessed 12 September 2018), Wallace G Ludgate, Seattle Ward 14, King, Washington, United States; citing enumeration district (ED) ED 215, sheet 2A, family 33, NARA microfilm publication T624 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1982), roll 1661; FHL microfilm 1,375,674.

“United States Census, 1920,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:M48N-S8V : accessed 12 September 2018), Wallace Ludgate, Portland, Multnomah, Oregon, United States; citing ED 114, sheet 10B, line 77, family 265, NARA microfilm publication T625 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1992), roll 1501; FHL microfilm 1,821,501.

“Oregon Death Index, 1903-1998,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:VZHP-LPB : 11 December 2014), Wallace G. Ludgate, Sr., 26 Dec 1926; from “Oregon, Death Index, 1898-2008,” database and images, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : 2000); citing Portland, Oregon, certificate number 3312, Oregon State Archives and Records Center, Salem.

Wallace Gorgon [sic] Ludgate, obituary, Oregonian (Portland, Oregon), January 2, 1927, cited at https://www.ancestry.com/boards/thread.aspx?m=4851&p=localities.northam.usa.states.oregon.counties.multnomah&dc=:

“Wallace Gorgon [sic] Ludgate

Funeral services were held Monday at the chapel of Holman & Sons for Wallace Gorgon [sic] Ludgate, who died last Sunday at his residence 977 Multnomah street, of bronchial pneumonia following a few days illness. Final services were held at the Portland crematorium.

Mr. Ludgate was born in Peterborough, Ontario, January 5, 1865. He lived in Hawaii several years and came to the Pacific Northwest in 1891. He had made his home in Portland for the past seven years.

He is survived by his widow, Mrs. Sophronia Ludgate; their three children, Mrs. Herbert Woodrow of Minneapolis; Alice Ludgate of Honolulu and Wallace G. Ludgate Jr. of Eugene. There are also two brothers and three sisters surviving.”

James E. Lewis (father of Sophronia Spalding Lewis)

“Indiana Marriages, 1780-1992,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:XFXD-W32 : 10 February 2018), James E. Lewis and Sophronia S. West, 19 Jun 1838; citing reference 292; FHL microfilm 549,401.

“United States Census, 1870,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MXFS-982 : 12 April 2016), James E Lewis, Indiana, United States; citing p. 28, family 166, NARA microfilm publication M593 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.); FHL microfilm 545,827.

“United States Census, 1880,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MH9D-9HM : 14 August 2017), James E Lewis, Madison, Jefferson, Indiana, United States; citing enumeration district ED 126, sheet 175C, NARA microfilm publication T9 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.), roll 0287; FHL microfilm 1,254,287.

“Find A Grave Index,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:QVLN-SWV4 : 13 December 2015), James E. Lewis, 1888; Burial, Madison, Jefferson, Indiana, United States of America, Springdale Cemetery; citing record ID 96075273, Find a Grave, https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/96075273: “James E. Lewis; Birth: 1811, Ohio, USA; Death: 9 Jun 1888 (aged 76–77), Madison, Jefferson County, Indiana, USA; Burial: Springdale Cemetery, Madison, Jefferson County, Indiana, USA; Plot: South grave, West ½, Lot 37, Plat 1; Memorial ID: 96075273.

“Place of death – Third & Elm

Cause – Mitral valvular disease of the heart

Madison Daily Herald, 9 June 1888, Death of Mr. James E. Lewis:

Esquire James E. Lewis died at 3:30 o’clock this morning at the family residence southwest corner of Third and Elm streets after a lingering and painful illness of dropsy. Mr. Lewis was one of the oldest and best known citizens of Madison. He was born in the State of Ohio, August 15, 1811, and was consequently in the 77th year of his age. He came to Madison, December, 1815, then but four years old, and continued to reside here till his death. He was a blacksmith by trade, and for a long time manufactured plows. For many years his shop was on the northwest corner of Third and Mulberry streets, where the residence of Mr. Green Johnson now stands. During that time he built and occupied the house immediately opposite to his shop, and which is now owned by Christ Church as a rectory for its ministers. Finally financial disasters reached Mr. Lewis, his means became depleted, and old age lessening his physical energies, have caused him to do but little business for some years past.

Mr. Lewis was married to Miss Sophronia West in this city, June 1st, 1838, and it was their intention to celebrate the fiftieth anniversary of their marriage on the first of this month, but Mr. Lewis’ health would not permit it. Ten children were born to Mr. and Mrs. Lewis, two sons and eight daughters; one son, Edwin, and five daughters now survive. Walter died in the Sandwich Islands, having gone there for the benefit of his impaired health. He died in a few days after reaching there.

Three of the daughters have resided in the Sandwich Island, Miss Helen seven years and another several years, now married and settled there, both engaged in school teaching. A short time ago Miss Helen came home and is still at home, but her sister Sophronia went to the Islands and took her place in the schools.

Mr. Lewis was a member of the Presbyterian Church over sixty years, and was an attentive member. He took much interest in educational matters, and educated all his children well.

The funeral will take place at the family residence at 9 o’clock to-morrow morning. Rev. J. H. Barnard and Dr. W. R. Brown officiating. Interment in Springdale Cemetery.”

 

Sophronia S. West (mother of Sophronia Spalding Lewis)

“Indiana Marriages, 1780-1992,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:XFXD-W3K : 10 February 2018), James E. Lewis and Sophronia S. West, 19 Jun 1838; citing reference 292; FHL microfilm 549,401.

“United States Census, 1870,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MXFS-98L : 12 April 2016), Sophronia Lewis in household of James E Lewis, Indiana, United States; citing p. 28, family 166, NARA microfilm publication M593 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.); FHL microfilm 545,827.

“United States Census, 1880,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MH9D-9H9 : 14 August 2017), Sophronia Lewis in household of James E Lewis, Madison, Jefferson, Indiana, United States; citing enumeration district ED 126, sheet 175C, NARA microfilm publication T9 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.), roll 0287; FHL microfilm 1,254,287.

“Find A Grave Index,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:QVLN-SWVR : 21 June 2018), Sophronia S. West Lewis, 1909; Burial, Madison, Jefferson, Indiana, United States of America, Springdale Cemetery; citing record ID 96075206, Find a Grave, https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/96075206: Sophronia S. West Lewis; Birth: 7 Jun 1818, Massachusetts, USA; Death: 4 Nov 1909 (aged 91), Madison, Jefferson County, Indiana, USA; Burial: Springdale Cemetery, Madison, Jefferson County, Indiana, USA; Plot: 1st grave, South of center, East ½, Lot 37, Plat 1; Memorial ID: 96075206. Married James E. Lewis 19 Jun 1838, Jefferson Co., IN. Death Certificate shows father as Thomas West (birthplace unknown).”

 

Sophronia Spalding Lewis (wife of Wallace Gordon Ludgate)

“United States Census, 1870,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MXFS-98B : 12 April 2016), Sophronia Lewis in household of James E Lewis, Indiana, United States; citing p. 28, family 166, NARA microfilm publication M593 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.); FHL microfilm 545,827.

“United States Census, 1880,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MH9D-9HW : 14 August 2017), Sophronia S Lewis in household of James E Lewis, Madison, Jefferson, Indiana, United States; citing enumeration district ED 126, sheet 175C, NARA microfilm publication T9 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.), roll 0287; FHL microfilm 1,254,287.

“Oregon Deaths, 1842-1952 and Delayed Births, 1844-1914,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:FZ5D-N54 : 10 March 2018), Sophronia Spalding Lewis Ludgate in entry for Alice May Ludgate, 21 May 1894; citing Birth, Portland, Multnomah, Oregon, United States, 21 May 1894, state and county archives, Oregon; FHL microfilm 2,259,058.

“United States Census, 1900,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MMPV-MXN : accessed 12 September 2018), Sophronia Ludgate in household of J Lindgate, Precinct 2 Seattle city Ward 8, King, Washington, United States; citing enumeration district (ED) 114, sheet 13B, family 249, NARA microfilm publication T623 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1972.); FHL microfilm 1,241,745.

“United States Census, 1910,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MGJH-K8L : accessed 12 September 2018), Sophronia Ludgate in household of Wallace G Ludgate, Seattle Ward 14, King, Washington, United States; citing enumeration district (ED) ED 215, sheet 2A, family 33, NARA microfilm publication T624 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1982), roll 1661; FHL microfilm 1,375,674.

“United States Census, 1920,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:M48N-S8K : accessed 12 September 2018), Sophronia Ludgate in household of Wallace Ludgate, Portland, Multnomah, Oregon, United States; citing ED 114, sheet 10B, line 78, family 265, NARA microfilm publication T625 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1992), roll 1501; FHL microfilm 1,821,501.

“Hawaii, Honolulu Passenger Lists, 1900-1953,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:QVR9-KL7T : 16 March 2018), Sophronia Ludgate, 1925; citing Ship , NARA microfilm publication A3422 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).

“Hawaii, Honolulu Passenger Lists, 1900-1953,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:QVR9-K4VC : 16 March 2018), Sophronia Ludgate, 1924-1925; citing Ship , NARA microfilm publication A3422 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).

“Washington, Seattle, Passenger Lists, 1890-1957,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:KDZ7-LT3 : 12 March 2018), Sophronia Ludgate, 1925; citing Seattle, King, Washington, United States, NARA microfilm publication M1383, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, D.C.; FHL microfilm 2,266,094.

“New York, New York Passenger and Crew Lists, 1909, 1925-1957,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:KXMB-FY6 : 12 March 2018), Sophronia Ludgato, 1925; citing Immigration, New York, New York, United States, NARA microfilm publication T715 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).

“United States Census, 1930,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:XCS3-6N6 : accessed 12 September 2018), Sophronia Ludgate, Portland (Districts 271-553), Multnomah, Oregon, United States; citing enumeration district (ED) ED 322, sheet 2A, line 39, family 43, NARA microfilm publication T626 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 2002), roll 1952; FHL microfilm 2,341,686.

“Oregon Death Index, 1903-1998,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:VZHH-6ML : 11 December 2014), Sophronia Ludgate, 1938; from “Oregon, Death Index, 1898-2008,” database and images, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : 2000); citing Portland, Oregon, certificate number 3406, Oregon State Archives and Records Center, Salem.

 

Katherine Ludgate (daughter of Wallace Gordon Ludgate)

“United States Census, 1900,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MMPV-MXJ : accessed 12 September 2018), Katie Ludgate in household of J Lindgate [sic], Precinct 2 Seattle city Ward 8, King, Washington, United States; citing enumeration district (ED) 114, sheet 13B, family 249, NARA microfilm publication T623 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1972.); FHL microfilm 1,241,745.

“United States Census, 1910,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MGJH-K8G : accessed 12 September 2018), Katie Ludgate in household of Wallace G Ludgate, Seattle Ward 14, King, Washington, United States; citing enumeration district (ED) ED 215, sheet 2A, family 33, NARA microfilm publication T624 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1982), roll 1661; FHL microfilm 1,375,674.

“Hawaii, Honolulu Passenger Lists, 1900-1953,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:QV9Z-7VSM : 16 March 2018), Kate Ludgate, 1912; citing Ship , NARA microfilm publication A3422 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).

“Vermont, St. Albans Canadian Border Crossings, 1895-1954,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:QK3B-WH5K : 16 March 2018), Kate Ludgate, 1913; citing M1464, Soundex Index to Canadian Border Entries through the St. Albans, Vermont, District, 1895-1924, 225, NARA microfilm publications M1461, M1463, M1464, and M1465 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, publication year); FHL microfilm 1,561,311.

“Hawaii, Honolulu Passenger Lists, 1900-1953,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:QVR9-X8SW : 16 March 2018), Katie Ludgate, 1913; citing Ship , NARA microfilm publication A3422 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).

“United States Border Crossings from Canada to United States, 1895-1956,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:X2KS-NX9 : 27 November 2014), Kate Ludgate, 19 Aug 1913; from “Border Crossings: From Canada to U.S., 1895-1954,” database and images, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : 2010); citing Ship Niagara, arrival port Vancouver, British Columbia, Australia, line 18, NARA microfilm publication M1464, Records of the Immigration and Naturalization Service, RG 85, (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.), roll 225.

“United States Census, 1920,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:M48N-S82 : accessed 12 September 2018), Kathrine Ludgate in household of Wallace Ludgate, Portland, Multnomah, Oregon, United States; citing ED 114, sheet 10B, line 79, family 265, NARA microfilm publication T625 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1992), roll 1501; FHL microfilm 1,821,501.

“Vermont, St. Albans Canadian Border Crossings, 1895-1954,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:QK31-PYSW : 16 March 2018), Kate Ludgate, 1895-1924; citing M1461, Soundex Index to Canadian Border Entries through the St. Albans, Vermont, District, 1895-1924, 240, NARA microfilm publications M1461, M1463, M1464, and M1465 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, publication year); FHL microfilm 1,473,040.

Minnesota Official Marriage System; https://moms.mn.gov/: Herbert Woodrow and Katherine Ludgate, marriage date: June 19, 1925.

County Certificate Number Marriage Date Applicant 1 Applicant 2
HENNEPIN 02910498 06/19/1925 WOODROW, HERBERT LUDGATE, KATHERINE Request Copy

“United States Census, 1930,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:XSRX-QHG : accessed 13 September 2018), Katherine Woodrow in household of Herbert Woodrow, Champaign, Champaign, Illinois, United States; citing enumeration district (ED) ED 23, sheet 4A, line 7, family 78, NARA microfilm publication T626 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 2002), roll 409; FHL microfilm 2,340,144.

“United States Census, 1940,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:KWWZ-NZJ : 14 March 2018), Katherine Woodrow in household of Herbert Woodrow, Champaign, Champaign City Township, Champaign, Illinois, United States; citing enumeration district (ED) 10-13, sheet 64B, line 63, family 296, Sixteenth Census of the United States, 1940, NARA digital publication T627.  Records of the Bureau of the Census, 1790 – 2007, RG 29. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 2012, roll 765.

“New York, New York Passenger and Crew Lists, 1909, 1925-1957,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:2HZZ-VRC : 15 March 2018), Katherine Woodrow, 1955; citing Immigration, New York City, New York, United States, NARA microfilm publication T715 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).

“United States Social Security Death Index,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:JYFF-1ZW : 20 May 2014), Katherine L Woodrow, 17 Mar 1992; citing U.S. Social Security Administration, Death Master File, database (Alexandria, Virginia: National Technical Information Service, ongoing).

 

Herbert Hollingsworth Woodrow (husband of Katherine Ludgate)

Herbert Woodrow, Wikipedia article, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Herbert_Woodrow: “Herbert Hollingsworth Woodrow (February 25, 1883 – June 14, 1974) was an American psychologist. He served as president of the American Psychological Association in 1941 and was a faculty member at several universities. He was a first cousin of Woodrow Wilson.”

Herbert Woodrow: 1883-1974, by Paul Thomas Young, The American Journal of Psychology. Vol. 87, No. 4 (Dec., 1974), pages 723-728; https://www.jstor.org/stable/1421981?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents.

“United States Census, 1900,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:M9B5-S66 : accessed 13 September 2018), Herbert H Woodrow in household of Helen S Woodrow, Ann Arbor city Ward 1, Washtenaw, Michigan, United States; citing enumeration district (ED) 84, sheet 21B, family 385, NARA microfilm publication T623 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1972.); FHL microfilm 1,240,746.

“United States Census, 1910,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:M2GQ-Z9Z : accessed 13 September 2018), Herbert H Woodrow in household of Perley Thompson, Minneapolis Ward 2, Hennepin, Minnesota, United States; citing enumeration district (ED) ED 35, sheet 5A, family 102, NARA microfilm publication T624 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1982), roll 700; FHL microfilm 1,374,713.

“United States Census, 1920,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MWYD-14Y : accessed 13 September 2018), Herbert Woodraw, Minneapolis Ward 2, Hennepin, Minnesota, United States; citing  ED 33, sheet 1A, line 22, family 5, NARA microfilm publication T625 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1992), roll 832; FHL microfilm 1,820,832.

“United States Census, 1930,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:XSRX-QHL : accessed 13 September 2018), Herbert Woodrow, Champaign, Champaign, Illinois, United States; citing enumeration district (ED) ED 23, sheet 4A, line 6, family 78, NARA microfilm publication T626 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 2002), roll 409; FHL microfilm 2,340,144.

“United States Census, 1940,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:KWWZ-NZN : 14 March 2018), Herbert Woodrow, Champaign, Champaign City Township, Champaign, Illinois, United States; citing enumeration district (ED) 10-13, sheet 64B, line 62, family 296, Sixteenth Census of the United States, 1940, NARA digital publication T627. Records of the Bureau of the Census, 1790 – 2007, RG 29. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 2012, roll 765.

Ancestry.com. U.S., World War II Draft Registration Cards, 1942 [database on-line]. Lehi, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2010. The National Archives at St. Louis; St. Louis, Missouri; World War II Draft Cards (Fourth Registration), for The State of Illinois; Record Group Title: Records of the Selective Service System, 1926-1975; Record Group Number: 147; Series Number: M2097. Name: Herbert Woodrow; Gender: Male; Race: White; Residence Age: 59; Birth Date: 25 Feb 1883; Birth Place: Chillicothe, Ohio, USA; Residence Date: 1942; Residence Place: Champaign, Illinois, USA.

“New York, New York Passenger and Crew Lists, 1909, 1925-1957,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:2HZZ-VRH : 15 March 2018), Herbert Woodrow, 1955; citing Immigration, New York City, New York, United States, NARA microfilm publication T715 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).

“New York, New York Passenger and Crew Lists, 1909, 1925-1957,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:2HD4-QDH : 16 March 2018), Herbert R Woodrow, 1956; citing Immigration, New York City, New York, United States, NARA microfilm publication T715 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).

“United States Social Security Death Index,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:J2Y2-HQ7 : 20 May 2014), Herbert  Woodrow, 14 Jun 1947 [sic]; citing U.S. Social Security Administration, Death Master File, database (Alexandria, Virginia: National Technical Information Service, ongoing). [Note: other sources give a death date of June 14, 1974.]

 

Alice May Ludgate (daughter of Wallace Gordon Ludgate)

“Oregon Deaths, 1842-1952 and Delayed Births, 1844-1914,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:FZ5D-N57 : 10 March 2018), Alice May Ludgate, 21 May 1894; citing Birth, Portland, Multnomah, Oregon, United States, 21 May 1894, state and county archives, Oregon; FHL microfilm 2,259,058.

“United States Census, 1900,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MMPV-MXV : accessed 12 September 2018), Alice Ludgate in household of J Lindgate, Precinct 2 Seattle city Ward 8, King, Washington, United States; citing enumeration district (ED) 114, sheet 13B, family 249, NARA microfilm publication T623 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1972.); FHL microfilm 1,241,745.

“United States Census, 1910,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MGJH-K85 : accessed 12 September 2018), Alice M Ludgate in household of Wallace G Ludgate, Seattle Ward 14, King, Washington, United States; citing enumeration district (ED) ED 215, sheet 2A, family 33, NARA microfilm publication T624 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1982), roll 1661; FHL microfilm 1,375,674.

“United States Census, 1920,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:M48N-S8L : accessed 12 September 2018), Alice Ludgate in household of Wallace Ludgate, Portland, Multnomah, Oregon, United States; citing ED 114, sheet 10B, line 80, family 265, NARA microfilm publication T625 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1992), roll 1501; FHL microfilm 1,821,501.

“Hawaii, Honolulu Passenger Lists, 1900-1953,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:QVR9-VT8B : 16 March 2018), Alice May Ludgate, 1924; citing Ship , NARA microfilm publication A3422 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).

“Washington, Seattle, Passenger Lists, 1890-1957,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:KDZ7-TXM : 12 March 2018), Alice Ludgate, 1925; citing Seattle, King, Washington, United States, NARA microfilm publication M1383, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, D.C.; FHL microfilm 2,266,096.

“Washington, Seattle, Passenger Lists, 1890-1957,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:KDZ7-TFH : 12 March 2018), Alice Ludgate, 1925; citing Seattle, King, Washington, United States, NARA microfilm publication M1383, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, D.C.; FHL microfilm 2,266,096.

“Hawaii, Honolulu Passenger Lists, 1900-1953,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:QVR9-2RCL : 16 March 2018), Alice May Ludgate, 1926; citing Ship , NARA microfilm publication A3422 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).

“United States Census, 1930,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:XCS3-6NX : accessed 12 September 2018), Alice Ludgate in household of Sophronia Ludgate, Portland (Districts 271-553), Multnomah, Oregon, United States; citing enumeration district (ED) ED 322, sheet 2A, line 40, family 43, NARA microfilm publication T626 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 2002), roll 1952; FHL microfilm 2,341,686.

“United States Census, 1940,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:VRT5-M6P : 13 March 2018), Alice Ludgate, Tract 20, Portland, Portland City Election Precinct 183, Multnomah, Oregon, United States; citing enumeration district (ED) 37-252, sheet 2A, line 30, family 37, Sixteenth Census of the United States, 1940, NARA digital publication T627.  Records of the Bureau of the Census, 1790 – 2007, RG 29. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 2012, roll 3389.

“Oregon Death Index, 1903-1998,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:VZWN-RGQ : 11 December 2014), Alice M Ludgate, 25 Apr 1987; from “Oregon, Death Index, 1898-2008,” database and images, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : 2000); citing Multnomah, Oregon, certificate number 82-07427, Oregon State Archives and Records Center, Salem.

“United States Social Security Death Index,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:JBSV-GMW : 20 May 2014), Alice  Ludgate, Apr 1987; citing U.S. Social Security Administration, Death Master File, database (Alexandria, Virginia: National Technical Information Service, ongoing).

 

Wallace Gordon Ludgate (son of Wallace Gordon Ludgate)

Geological Society of the Oregon Country, 1950, vol.16, no. 8, page 60; https://static1.squarespace.com/static/5358c2a3e4b00ce4f224c17d/t/53eda9dae4b0a8db2092babc/1408084442531/1950+NEWSLETTERS.pdf: “Wallace G. Ludgate, 8100 S.W. 8th Avenue, Portland 1, Oregon, CI 8508.”

“United States Census, 1900,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MMPV-MXK : accessed 12 September 2018), Wallace Ludgate in household of J Lindgate, Precinct 2 Seattle city Ward 8, King, Washington, United States; citing enumeration district (ED) 114, sheet 13B, family 249, NARA microfilm publication T623 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1972.); FHL microfilm 1,241,745.

“United States Census, 1910,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MGJH-K8P : accessed 12 September 2018), Wallace G Ludgate in household of Wallace G Ludgate, Seattle Ward 14, King, Washington, United States; citing enumeration district (ED) ED 215, sheet 2A, family 33, NARA microfilm publication T624 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1982), roll 1661; FHL microfilm 1,375,674.

Ancestry.com. U.S. Passport Applications, 1795-1925 [database on-line]. Lehi, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2007. National Archives and Records Administration (NARA); Washington D.C.; Volume #: Volume 20: Emergency Passport Applications: China. Name: Wallace Ludgate; Gender: Male; Age: 20; Birth Date: 9 Mar 1896; Birth Place: Portland, Oregon; Residence Place: Seattle, Washington; Passport Issue Date: 2 May 1917; Has Photo: Yes.

Ancestry.com. U.S., Applications for Seaman’s Protection Certificates, 1916-1940 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2010. Washington, D.C.; The National Archives and Records Administration; Application for Seaman´s Protection Certificates; NAI: 2788575; Record Group Title: Records of the Bureau of Marine Inspection and Navigation; Record Group Number: 41; Box Number: 056 – Seattle. Name: Wallace G. Ludgate Jr.; Age: 24; Birth Date: 9 Mar 1896; Birth Place: Portland, Oregon; Application Date: 12 Apr 1920; Application Place: Seattle, Washington, USA; Record Type: Application.

“United States Census, 1920,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:M48N-S8G : accessed 12 September 2018), Wallace Ludgate Jr. in household of Wallace Ludgate, Portland, Multnomah, Oregon, United States; citing ED 114, sheet 10B, line 81, family 265, NARA microfilm publication T625 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1992), roll 1501; FHL microfilm 1,821,501.

“United States Census, 1930,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:XCSZ-TMN : accessed 13 September 2018), Wallace Ludgate, Riverdale, Multnomah, Oregon, United States; citing enumeration district (ED) ED 266, sheet 5A, line 33, family 141, NARA microfilm publication T626 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 2002), roll 1955; FHL microfilm 2,341,689.

“New York, New York Passenger and Crew Lists, 1909, 1925-1957,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:24N1-37N : 12 March 2018), Wallace J Ludgate, 1934; citing Immigration, New York, New York, United States, NARA microfilm publication T715 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).

“United States Census, 1940,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:VRT2-SZ7 : 13 March 2018), Wallace Ludgate, Tract 60, Portland, Portland City Election Precinct 67, Multnomah, Oregon, United States; citing enumeration district (ED) 37-110, sheet 10A, line 33, family 311, Sixteenth Census of the United States, 1940, NARA digital publication T627.  Records of the Bureau of the Census, 1790 – 2007, RG 29. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 2012, roll 3386.

“United States World War II Draft Registration Cards, 1942,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:QVJT-RFCX : 8 November 2017), Wallace Gordon Ludgate, 1942; citing NARA microfilm publication M1936, M1937, M1939, M1951, M1962, M1964, M1986, M2090, and M2097 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).

“Oregon Death Index, 1903-1998,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:VZ4G-FDP : 11 December 2014), Wallace G Ludgate, 10 Sep 1961; from “Oregon, Death Index, 1898-2008,” database and images, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : 2000); citing Multnomah, Oregon, certificate number 11601, Oregon State Archives and Records Center, Salem.

Oregonian, Portland, Oregon, unknown date [probably September 1961]; cited at: https://www.ancestry.com/boards/thread.aspx?m=4851&p=localities.northam.usa.states.oregon.counties.multnomah&dc=: “Ludgate—September 10, Wallace G., of 8100 SW 8th Ave., husband of Doris Ludgate; brother of Alice, Mrs. Herbert Woodrow. Private services will be held Tuesday. Please omit flowers. J.P. Finley & Son Directors.”

 

Doris (wife of Wallace Gordon Ludgate)

“United States Census, 1930,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:XCSZ-TMJ : accessed 13 September 2018), Doris Ludgate in household of Wallace Ludgate, Riverdale, Multnomah, Oregon, United States; citing enumeration district (ED) ED 266, sheet 5A, line 34, family 141, NARA microfilm publication T626 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 2002), roll 1955; FHL microfilm 2,341,689.

“United States Census, 1940,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:VRT2-SZW : 13 March 2018), Doris Ludgate in household of Wallace Ludgate, Tract 60, Portland, Portland City Election Precinct 67, Multnomah, Oregon, United States; citing enumeration district (ED) 37-110, sheet 10A, line 34, family 311, Sixteenth Census of the United States, 1940, NARA digital publication T627. Records of the Bureau of the Census, 1790 – 2007, RG 29. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 2012, roll 3386.

“Oregon Death Index, 1903-1998,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:VZ4Y-9KX : 11 December 2014), Doris Ludgate, 27 Oct 1979; from “Oregon, Death Index, 1898-2008,” database and images, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : 2000); citing Multnomah, Oregon, certificate number 79-16987, Oregon State Archives and Records Center, Salem. [Event Date: 27 Oct 1979].

 

Theodore Ludgate (brother of Wallace Gordon Ludgate)

John Belshaw, book review, BC Studies no. 198, summer 2018, http://www.bcstudies.com/?q=book-reviews/day-vancouver (Review of This Day in Vancouver, by Jesse Donaldson; Seize the Time: Vancouver Photographed, 1967-1974, by Vladimir Keremidschieff, with afterword by Jamie Reid; Haunting Vancouver: A Nearly True History, by Mike McCardell; Vancouver Was Awesome: A Curious Pictorial History, by Lani Russwurm. Comments on Theodore Ludgate and the dispute over Deadman’s Island. Includes discussion of Inventing Stanley Park: An Environmental History, by Sean Kheraj, 2013.. Vancouver: UBC Press.)

The Attorney General for the Province of British Columbia v The Attorney General for the Dominion of Canada (British Columbia) [1906] UKPC 61 (2 August 1906); https://www.bailii.org/uk/cases/UKPC/1906/1906_61.pdf.

The City of Vancouver v The Vancouver Lumber Company and another (British Columbia) [1911] UKPC 57 (25 July 1911); https://www.bailii.org/uk/cases/UKPC/1911/1911_57.pdf.

The King v. Vancouver Lumber Co., 1914 CanLII 466; 41 DLR 617 [Dominion Law Reports]; 17 Ex CR 329 Exchequer Court Reports]; (Exchequer Court), https://www.canlii.org/en/ca/fct/doc/1914/1914canlii466/1914canlii466.html.

R. v. Vancouver Lumber Company, 1919 CanLII 417 (UK JCPC); 50 DLR 6 [Dominion Law Reports] ; [1920] 1 WWR 255 [Western Weekly Reports] (Judicial Committee of the Privy Council); https://www.canlii.org/en/ca/ukjcpc/doc/1919/1919canlii417/1919canlii417.html; The Vancouver Lumber Company (Appeal No.157 of 1915) v The King (Canada) [1919] UKPC 101 (23 October 1919); https://www.bailii.org/uk/cases/UKPC/1919/1919_101.pdf.

The First 100 Years; An Illustrated Celebration, by R. Mike Steele; Vancouver, Vancouver Board of Parks and Recreation, 1988, pages 19-20.

“Ontario Census, 1861,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MQ7G-F4S : 5 September 2017), Theoder Ludgate, Ashburnham, Peterborough, Ontario, Canada; citing p. 8, line 39; Library and Archives Canada film number C-1065-1066, Public Archives, Toronto; FHL microfilm 2,435,939.

“Canada Census, 1871,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:M471-1WX : 22 August 2018), Theodore Ludgate, Ashburnham, Peterborough, Peterborough, Ontario, Canada; citing 1871; citing National Archives of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario.

“Canada Census, 1881,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MVX5-D8Z : 11 March 2018), Theodore Ludgate in entry for John Ludgate, ; from “1881 Canadian Census.” Database with images. Ancestry. (www.ancestry.com : 2008); citing Ashburnham, Peterborough East, Ontario, Canada; 1857; p. 45; Library and Archives Canada film number C-13240, Library and Archives Canada, Ottawa, Ontario.

“United States Census, 1880,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MZCR-CV6 : 29 August 2017), Theodore Ludgate in household of Hattie M Wright, Albany, Albany, New York, United States; citing enumeration district ED 29, sheet 255C, NARA microfilm publication T9 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.), roll 0806; FHL microfilm 1,254,806.

“Ontario Marriages, 1869-1927,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:FMJD-QQP : 11 March 2018), Thedore Ludgate and Agnes Orr, 06 Jun 1883; citing registration , Bobcaygeon, Victoria, Ontario, Canada, Archives of Ontario, Toronto; FHL microfilm 1,869,763.

“Canada Census, 1891,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MWG9-Y3Z : 3 August 2016), Theodore Ludgate, Ashburnham, Peterborough East, Ontario, Canada; Public Archives, Ottawa, Ontario; Library and Archives Canada film number 30953_148165.

“Ontario Marriages, 1869-1927,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:KZBQ-8ZF : 11 March 2018), Theodore T Ludgate and Catherine B Fleming, 01 Oct 1898; citing registration , Peterborough, , Ontario, Canada, Archives of Ontario, Toronto; FHL microfilm 1,870,921.

“United States Census, 1900,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MMPV-29V : accessed 13 September 2018), Theodore Ludgate, Precinct 4 Seattle city Ward 8, King, Washington, United States; citing enumeration district (ED) 116, sheet 14A, family 277, NARA microfilm publication T623 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1972.); FHL microfilm 1,241,745.

“United States Census, 1910,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MGV6-YBK : accessed 13 September 2018), Theodore Ludgate in household of Fred Gantenscheager, Seattle Ward 4, King, Washington, United States; citing enumeration district (ED) ED 101, sheet 5B, family 82, NARA microfilm publication T624 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1982), roll 1659; FHL microfilm 1,375,672.

“Recensement du Canada de 1911,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:QV95-3MBJ : 16 March 2018), Theodore Ludgate, 1911; citing Census, Vancouver Sub-Districts 51-76, British Columbia, Canada, Library and Archives of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario; FHL microfilm 2,417,663.

Find A Grave; Theodore T. Ludgate; Birth: 1857; Death: 1917 (aged 59–60); Burial: Little Lake Cemetery, Peterborough, Peterborough County, Ontario, Canada; Plot: Section C; Memorial ID: 180400034; https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/180400034.

British Columbia Archives; Vancouver Supreme Court Probate Files; File GR-1415.15105 – Ludgate, Theodore; Accession number(s): 91-4202; File location: Reel B08411.; File location: Number Probate P – 04393; first page of probate file: image 1683 of 2815: https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-897Z-F9HX-T?i=1682&wc=M69N-BWP%3A332530701%2C332530502%2C333012801&cc=2014768; last page of probate file: image 1707 of 2815: https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-997Z-F9CC-3?i=1706&wc=M69N-BWP%3A332530701%2C332530502%2C333012801&cc=2014768.

 

Agnes Orr (wife of Theodore Ludgate)

“Ontario Marriages, 1869-1927,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:FMJD-QQT : 11 March 2018), Thedore Ludgate and Agnes Orr, 06 Jun 1883; citing registration , Bobcaygeon, Victoria, Ontario, Canada, Archives of Ontario, Toronto; FHL microfilm 1,869,763.

 

Catherine B. Fleming (wife of Theodore T. Ludgate)

“Ontario Marriages, 1869-1927,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:KZBQ-8ZV : 11 March 2018), Theodore T Ludgate and Catherine B Fleming, 01 Oct 1898; citing registration , Peterborough, , Ontario, Canada, Archives of Ontario, Toronto; FHL microfilm 1,870,921.