Robinson, Samuel (1870-1958)

Samuel Robinson, Vancouver Sun, September 6, 1958, page 19.

Samuel Robinson, Vancouver Sun, September 6, 1958, page 19.

Henderson’s BC Gazetteer and Directory, 1904, page 847.

Henderson’s BC Gazetteer and Directory, 1904, page 847.

Samuel Robinson was a sea captain. He lived at 1919 Nelson Street from 1904 to 1909 and at 1991 Nelson Street from 1910 to 1912.

 

Family Background and Early Life

Samuel Robinson was born in Hull, England, on May 8, 1870. His parents were Henry Robinson and Susan Pearson. Henry Robinson was a mariner and dockmaster.

“Death of Capt. H. Robinson,” Daily Mail (Hull, England), issue 3986, March 16, 1908, page 5.

“Death of Capt. H. Robinson,” Daily Mail (Hull, England), issue 3986, March 16, 1908, page 5.

Henry Robinson, death notice, Daily Mail (Hull, England), issue 3986, March 16, 1908, page 5.

Henry Robinson, death notice, Daily Mail (Hull, England), issue 3986, March 16, 1908, page 5.

Samuel went to school in Hull. When he was 14 he went to sea as an apprentice on the sailing ship Imbros.

He travelled to Canada in the early 1890s, hoping to find gold in the Similkameen area of British Columbia. His quest for gold was apparently unsuccessful, and he resumed his nautical career.

He seems to have settled in Vancouver in the mid-1890s. In 1895, he was at 454 East Hastings Street in the Vancouver directory.

In 1895 he began his long career with the Canadian Pacific shipping system, serving as fifth officer on the Empress of Japan. The B.C. Voters List 1898 listed him as 509 Howe St.

He was the commander of a series of Canadian Pacific passenger ships until he retired in 1932.

 

Marriage to Jessie Nichols

In 1901, Samuel married Jessie Nichols Reeves at the Anglican Church in Yokohama, Japan. It appears that Jessie was born Jessie Nichols about 1871 in Massachusetts. Her father was Peleg Benson Nichols (1838-1893), a mariner who died at sea; he was buried on the island of Mauritius. Jessie’s mother was Peleg’s second wife, Hannah Trundy Curtis (1842-1901).

Samuel’s and Jessie’s marriage might have been caught in a temporary legal tangle, although it would have been resolved by 1912.

When Samuel and Jessie were married, the rules for marriages of British subjects in Japan were in transition. Before 1899, if a marriage was not registered in compliance with Japanese law, there was a legal fiction of “extra-territoriality.” This meant that British subjects could be married according to the rites of their own religion, and the Japanese courts would recognize the marriage as valid.

However, Great Britain and Japan made a treaty on July 16, 1894, which came into effect on July 16, 1899. The treaty abolished the fiction of extra-territoriality, and it became necessary to register marriages under Japanese law. However, many marriages took place without registering the marriage at a Japanese registry.

In 1907, a British judge ruled that the court could not grant a divorce for this type of marriage. However, the court could declare that the marriage was a nullity, because it was not valid in the first place.

The British parliament passed an Act in 1912 that deemed all of the questionable marriages to be valid.

 

Life in Vancouver

Samuel and Jessie settled in Vancouver in 1903, although Samuel continued his sea travels for the next 30 years.

They appeared at the following addresses in Vancouver. For about 9 years they lived on Nelson Street, first at number 1919 and then at 1991.

1903 1309 Davie Street
1904 to 1909 1919 Nelson Street
1910 to 1912 1991 Nelson Street
1913 to 1958 1154 Matthews Avenue

About 1913 they moved to 1154 Matthews Avenue in Shaughnessy Heights, where they continued to live until the late 1950s.

District: Point Grey
Permit: 3943
Owner: Robinson, Capt.
Architect: Owner
Builder: Hatt Bros.
Legal Address: DL: 526 Block: 61 Sub: Resub: Lot: 5A
Date (Y-M-D): 1921-08-18
Street Number: 1154
Street Name: Matthews Avenue
Value: $300.00
Remarks: Garage
Reference ID: PG-5591-5592-16

Vancouver Building Permits, Heritage Vancouver, http://permits.heritagevancouver.org/ [searched July 9, 2017.]

During the First World War, Samuel commanded a series of ships that transported troops from North America to Europe.

Samuel and Jessie were in the Vancouver society directories in 1914 and 1927.

Vancouver Social Register and Club Directory, 1914, page 58.

Vancouver Social Register and Club Directory, 1914, page 58.

Greater Vancouver Social and Club Register, 1927, page 62.

Greater Vancouver Social and Club Register, 1927, page 62.

 

Yokohama Earthquake in 1923

Samuel’s sailing career took him across the Pacific Ocean more than 350 times.

One of the most notable voyages was in 1923, when he was the captain of the Empress of Australia. The ship was in Yokohama when an earthquake struck the city. He and the crew rescued about 4,000 refugees from the earthquake.

For his leadership Samuel received numerous tributes and awards, including the C.B.E. from Britain, the Lloyds Medal for saving lives at sea, and the Spanish Order of Naval Merit.

 

Trans-Pacific Record

In April 1931, Samuel commanded the Empress of Japan when she sailed from Yokohama to Victoria, British Columbia, in a record-breaking voyage of seven days, 20 hours, and 16 minutes. The King and Queen of Siam were passengers on the ship.

King and Queen of Siam leaving Empress of Japan (Captain Samuel Robinson preceding them, on right); April 17, 1931; Vancouver Public Library; VPL Accession Number 23469 [detail]; http://www3.vpl.ca/spePhotos/LeonardFrankCollection/02DisplayJPGs/233/23469.jpg.

King and Queen of Siam leaving Empress of Japan (Captain Samuel Robinson preceding them, on right); April 17, 1931; Vancouver Public Library; VPL Accession Number 23469 [detail]; http://www3.vpl.ca/spePhotos/LeonardFrankCollection/02DisplayJPGs/233/23469.jpg.

Retirement and Later Life

Samuel retired in 1932.

“Noted Sea Captain is Leaving Service,” Toronto Globe, April 4, 1932, page 2, column 2.

“Noted Sea Captain is Leaving Service,” Toronto Globe, April 4, 1932, page 2, column 2.

Samuel and Jessie continued to live at their home on Matthews Avenue through the 1940s and 1950s.

Samuel died in Vancouver on September 5, 1958. He was buried in Forest Lawn Memorial Park in Burnaby, British Columbia.

Jessie died in Vancouver on February 19, 1960. She was buried in Forest Lawn Memorial Park in Burnaby.

Samuel and Jessie did not have any children.

 

Sources

Henry Robinson (father of Samuel Robinson)

“England Marriages, 1538–1973  ,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NX8L-2P2 : 10 December 2014), Henry Robinson and Susan Pearson, 12 Jul 1865; citing York, England, reference ; FHL microfilm 1,470,664.

“England Marriages, 1538–1973  ,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NF6H-91C : 10 December 2014), Henry Robinson and Susan Pearson, 1865; citing Fishlake, York, England, reference 2:TCFWP9; FHL microfilm 1,545,697.

“England Marriages, 1538–1973  ,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NVDS-QJM : 10 December 2014), Henry Robinson and Susan Pearson, 13 Jul 1865; citing Fishlake, York, England, reference ; FHL microfilm 1545697 IT 1-4.

“England and Wales Census, 1871”, database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:KZLB-YMS : 24 July 2015), Henry Robinson, 1871.

“England and Wales Census, 1881,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:Q27B-4QCG : 19 August 2016), Henry Robinson, Kingston Upon Hull Holy Trinity And St Mary, Yorkshire,Yorkshire East Riding, England; from “1881 England, Scotland and Wales census,” database and images, findmypast (http://www.findmypast.com : n.d.); citing p. 32, Piece/Folio 4768/124, The National Archives, Kew, Surrey; FHL microfilm 101,775,333.

“England and Wales Census, 1891,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:758M-SW2 : 15 October 2015), Henry Robinson, Holy Trinity And St Mary, Yorkshire, Yorkshire (East Riding), England; from “1891 England, Scotland and Wales census,” database and images, findmypast (http://www.findmypast.com : n.d.); citing PRO RG 12, Yorkshire, Yorkshire (East Riding) county,  subdistrict, The National Archives of the UK, Kew, Surrey.

“England and Wales Census, 1901,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:XSS9-LQS : 29 August 2015), Henry Robinson, Holy Trinity And St Mary, Yorkshire (East Riding), England; from “1901 England, Scotland and Wales census,” database and images, findmypast (http://www.findmypast.com : n.d.); citing Myton subdistrict, PRO RG 13, The National Archives, Kew, Surrey.

“England and Wales Death Registration Index 1837-2007,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:2NRK-9MX : 31 December 2014), Henry Robinson, 1904; from “England & Wales Deaths, 1837-2006,” database, findmypast (http://www.findmypast.com : 2012); citing Death, Hull, Yorkshire, England, General Register Office, Southport, England (possible connection).

 

Susan Pearson (mother of Samuel Robinson)

“England Marriages, 1538–1973  ,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NX8L-2PK : 10 December 2014), Henry Robinson and Susan Pearson, 12 Jul 1865; citing York, England, reference ; FHL microfilm 1,470,664.

“England Marriages, 1538–1973  ,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NF6H-914 : 10 December 2014), Henry Robinson and Susan Pearson, 1865; citing Fishlake, York, England, reference 2:TCFWP9; FHL microfilm 1,545,697.

“England Marriages, 1538–1973  ,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NVDS-QN1 : 10 December 2014), Henry Robinson and Susan Pearson, 13 Jul 1865; citing Fishlake, York, England, reference ; FHL microfilm 1545697 IT 1-4.

“England and Wales Census, 1871”, database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:KZLB-YM3 : 24 July 2015), Susan Robinson in entry for Henry Robinson, 1871.

“England and Wales Census, 1881,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:Q27B-4QZK : 19 August 2016), Susan Robinson in household of Henry Robinson, Kingston Upon Hull Holy Trinity And St Mary, Yorkshire,Yorkshire East Riding, England; from “1881 England, Scotland and Wales census,” database and images, findmypast (http://www.findmypast.com : n.d.); citing p. 32, Piece/Folio 4768/124, The National Archives, Kew, Surrey; FHL microfilm 101,775,333.

“England and Wales Census, 1891,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:758M-W6Z : 15 October 2015), Susan Robinson in household of Henry Robinson, Holy Trinity And St Mary, Yorkshire, Yorkshire (East Riding), England; from “1891 England, Scotland and Wales census,” database and images, findmypast (http://www.findmypast.com : n.d.); citing PRO RG 12, Yorkshire, Yorkshire (East Riding) county,  subdistrict, The National Archives of the UK, Kew, Surrey.

“England and Wales Census, 1901,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:XSS9-LQ3 : 29 August 2015), Susan Robinson in household of Henry Robinson, Holy Trinity And St Mary, Yorkshire (East Riding), England; from “1901 England, Scotland and Wales census,” database and images, findmypast (http://www.findmypast.com : n.d.); citing Myton subdistrict, PRO RG 13, The National Archives, Kew, Surrey.

 

Samuel Robinson

Samuel Robinson (sea captain); Wikipedia article; https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Samuel_Robinson_(sea_captain).

Samuel Robinson, Northern Who’s Who; a Biographical Dictionary of Men and Women; edited by C.W. Parker, Vancouver, International Press Limited, 1916, page 699; https://archive.org/stream/northernwhoswhob01park#page/699/mode/1up.

Samuel Robinson – The first Captain of the Empress of Asia; http://www.empressofasia.com/robinson.html [includes history and photographs of Samuel Robinson].

Our History: Empress a Witness to Disaster; by Anne Park Shannon, Victoria Times-Colonist, March 8, 2015; http://www.timescolonist.com/our-history-empress-a-witness-to-disaster-1.1785800 (excerpted from Finding Japan: Early Canadian Encounters with Asia, by Anne Park Shannon, 2012, Heritage House Publishing.) [Describes the 1923 Yokohama earthquake and refers to Samuel Robinson and the Canadian Pacific ship “Empress of Australia.”]

“England and Wales Census, 1871”, database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:KZLB-YMW : 24 July 2015), Samuel Robinson in entry for Henry Robinson, 1871.

“England and Wales Census, 1881,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:Q27B-4Q8L : 19 August 2016), Samuel Robinson in household of Henry Robinson, Kingston Upon Hull Holy Trinity And St Mary, Yorkshire,Yorkshire East Riding, England; from “1881 England, Scotland and Wales census,” database and images, findmypast (http://www.findmypast.com : n.d.); citing p. 32, Piece/Folio 4768/124, The National Archives, Kew, Surrey; FHL microfilm 101,775,333.

Captain Samuel Robinson of the first C.P. R.M.S. Empress of Japan; [photograph]; http://host10.be.cdm6.library.ubc.ca/cdm4/item_viewer.php?CISOROOT=/chung&CISOPTR=20329&CISOBOX=1&REC=18.

B.C. Voters List 1898 – Ro to Rt; http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~canbc/vote1898/votero.htm: “Robinson, Samuel, 509 Howe St, 2nd Officer, Empress of Japan, Van.”

UK, Foreign and Overseas Registers of British Subjects, 1628-1969; Ancestry.com: Name: Samuel Robinson; Spouse: Jessie Nochols Reeves; Father: Henry Robinson;

UK, Foreign and Overseas Registers of British Subjects, 1628-1969; Ancestry.com: Name: Jessie Nochols Reeves; Spouse: Samuel Robinson.

Yokohama Christ Church; http://www.yokohamachristchurch.org/archive_material.html:

“The Second Church relocates on the Bluff

1901 – Services are held in a public hall until the second church was built. It is not known what happened to the first church. The construction may not have been safe or may not have weathered well or the church may have been destroyed by fire. Trinity Sunday, June 2nd 1901 the second church, built of red brick from Glasgow was completed on the site of the church today.

1908 – It is realised that marriages performed since 1899, when the community came under Japanese law, are not valid. The matter arose when a judge in England adjudicated in the divorce case, Marshall v Marshall, that no divorce could be given as there had been no valid marriage. February 9th The Bishop of Tokyo explains in the sermon that the 30 marriages that were carried out were not valid without a civil ceremony at the Consulate. (A special Act of Parliament was later passed to legalize the marriages and legitimize the children born to the parents in question.)”

Marshall v. Marshall and St Clair, The Times, 8 May 1907, The Times, 10 March 1908; http://www.law.mq.edu.au/research/colonial_case_law/colonial_cases/less_developed/china_and_japan/1900-1909_decisions/marshall_v_marshall_1907/.

Rupert Leo Scott Bruce-Mitford, by Martin Biddle, page 66; http://www.britac.ac.uk/sites/default/files/04%20Bruce%20Mitford%201820.pdf: “On Sunday the 9th, speaking from the pulpit of Christ Church Yokohama, where the Bruce-Mitfords had been married less than four years before, William Awdry, the bishop of South Tokyo, announced that ‘certain marriages of British subjects celebrated in Japan’ since the end of the fiction of extra-territoriality on 16 July 1899 might not be valid and if so ‘the couples … will find that they have been and are living together … in concubinage and that their children are “illegitimate”’. In October a list of the thirty-six marriages in question, including that of the Bruce-Mitfords (who by then had three sons), was sent to the British Ambassador in ‘the hope of having these marriages legalised by Act of Parliament’.”

Notes:

36. For typed extracts from Bishop Awdry’s address, quoted here, as reported in The Japan Herald of 10 February 1908, and other papers relating to this affair, see National Library of Australia, Papers of Harold S. Willams, MS 6681, Series 3, Section 32. I am grateful to Susan Woodburn of the NLA for her help. See also Lambeth Palace Library, Archbishop Davidson’s papers, vol. 393, ff. 1–11, kindly made available, with other help, by Clare Brown, Assistant Archivist.

37. For the original list, see TNA, FO 369/390, pp. 162–9, with a certified copy of the BruceMitford’s Certificate of Marriage on 27 July 1904 at p. 173. See also TNA, FO 369/308, pp. 446–65. I am grateful to Nina Staehle for her help in locating and copying these papers.

38. Marriages in Japan (Validity) Act, 1912.

“Recensement du Canada de 1911,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:QV95-MGSM : 2 March 2015), Samuel Robinson, 1911; citing Census, Vancouver Sub-Districts 1-18, British Columbia, Canada, Library and Archives of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario; FHL microfilm 2,417,661; http://automatedgenealogy.com/census11/View.jsp?id=63708&highlight=18&desc=1911+Census+of+Canada+page+containing+Samuel+Robinson.

Captain Samuel Robinson of the first C.P. R.M.S. Empress of Australia; [photograph]; http://host10.be.cdm6.library.ubc.ca/cdm4/item_viewer.php?CISOROOT=/chung&CISOPTR=20505&CISOBOX=1&REC=17.

1921 Canada Census, Samuel Robinson [indexed as Lemuel Robinson]; Reference Number: RG 31; Folder Number: 19; Census Place: Point Grey (Municipality), Vancouver South, British Columbia; Page Number: 6; Ancestry.com. 1921 Census of Canada [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2013.

“Guides Ship of Oil Amid Blazing Seas: Thrilling Story of Heroism of Dutch Skipper Told by C.P.R. Commander,” Toronto Globe, September 25, 1923; page 1, column 7.

“Hero of Jap Quake to be Decorated,” Toronto Globe, January 26, 1924, page 3, column 5.

“Medal for Capt. Robinson Reaches Vancouver Office,” Vancouver Province, April 7, 1924, page 26.

“Retirement of Captain Samuel Robinson,” Victoria Daily Colonist, October 21, 1931, page 12, column 8; http://archive.org/stream/dailycolonist1031uvic_16#page/n11/mode/1up.

“Noted Sea Captain is Leaving Service,” Toronto Globe, April 4, 1932, page 2, column 2.

“Captain of Many Voyages,” Winnipeg Tribune, June 21, 1932, page 11: “Homeward bound that joyful sound, goodbye, fare you well goodbye, fare you well; We’ll heave on the capstan and make it spin round. Hurrah my boys, we’re homeward bound!” When the Empress of Japan the other day turned her nose toward Vancouver, the words of this rollicking sea chantey must have expressed the feelings of Capt. Samuel Robinson, for that was his last trip as commander of the queen ship of the Pacific. Retired after thirty – eight years’ service with the Canadian Pacific Steamships, Captain Robinson is to enjoy permanent shore leave with leisure to pursue his versatile tastes and accomplishments. He made a study of Oriental art in 1885, after 11 years at sea in windjammers and steamships. Interrupted by one lean year placer mining in the Similkameen, he entered the service of the Canadian Pacific Steamships as a junior officer. Since that time he has had an outstanding record on the Pacific. He has served on, or commanded in turn, each one of the ships in service, from the little Athenian in 1903, to the great record-breaking Empress of Japan. His war career was distinguished, exciting, varied. He chased the elusive German raider Emden and did some scouting in the Red Sea. He carried American soldiers to France. The Empress of Australia was about to sail from Yokohama dock at noon, September 1, 1923, when the debacle of the earthquake descended on the Island Empire. During the horror of the holocaust that followed, Captain Robinson’s wonderful seamanship and heroic efforts were the means of saving the lives of 4,000 refugees, and of bringing his ship to safety. The Australia was, as one of them called it, “a little bit of heaven” to the wounded and destitute who came aboard. This epic of heroism was heralded all over the world and won him the C.B.E., but Captain Robinson wore his halo modestly, being more anxious to laud his officers and crew. One remark is typical of the man: “Why, I was expecting to have to explain the delay in leaving Yokohama,” he said. In 1901, at Yokohama, the first marriage to be celebrated in the new Anglican church—later destroyed during the earthquake—was that of Samuel Robinson to Mrs. Jessie Nichols Reeves, a resident of Hongkong for some years. Removing in 1903 to Vancouver, they have since made that city their permanent home. Mrs. Robinson, herself a real daughter of the sea, made many trips around the Horn with her father, Captain Peleg Nichols, whose family is famous in the history of sailing ships In America. Since the days of Washington, for 150 years men of her family have been building and sailing clipper ships from Boston, New York and Searsport, their home town in Maine, to the far corners of the earth. The residence of Capt. and Mrs. Robinson, Riverholme, is set in pleasant grounds. There is an Oriental atmosphere about the interior. Warm eastern rugs cover the polished floors. Furnished only in blackwood chairs and altar tables, these form a suitable setting for the objects of art scattered around. Specimens of porcelain exemplify the best works of different periods. One of the finest of these, an unusual rosy glow suffusing its surface, is an old incense burner, in the form of a smiling Buddha. A rare old piece is a tall Ming vase, richly designed with dragons of Chinese red and soft green, trying to grasp the sun. An alluring blue vase, reputed to have been in one Chinese family for over 800 years, is also valued highly. Treasured in this rich collection of museum pieces is the parting gift of the Japanese people to Commander Robinson. It is an ancient blackwood box, tied with a faded green cord. When opened it discloses soft rolls of white silk, meticulously rolled around a wonderful golden lacquered despatch box, used 400 years ago by an emperor of Nippon. Fastening the box is the original silk cord with tassels, in a soft rose shade, whose dye has never been reproduced. An appreciation scroll In Japanese accompanied it. Included In the presentation was a large Makasu vase, a choice modern porcelain fashioned in Yokohama, with a delicate tracery of autumn leaves on a light background relieved by a black base. A busy man at sea, the captain will not be idle on shore. He now will have an opportunity to develop his hobbies, among them being music. Possessed of a pleasing baritone voice, he plays his own accompaniments in the songs of Schubert He can make the welkin ring with rollicking sea chanteys. Mechanically inclined, he has a complete set of tools in his workroom, and will tackle anything electrical or mechanical. The lure of the open road in the near future will entice Captain and Mrs. Robinson on a long-contemplated motor trip across the continent. Fine days will see the worthy skipper on the golf links . . . going after a score of ninety.”

“Veteran Captain Recalls Disaster That Shook Japan,” Toronto Globe and Mail, May 24, 1952; page 2, column 8.

“British Columbia Death Registrations, 1872-1986; 1992-1993”, database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:FLRX-NPX : 13 April 2017), Samuel Robinson, 1958.

“Noted City Mariner Dies Aged 87,” Vancouver Sun, September 6, 1958, page 19 (includes photograph of Samuel Robinson).

“Noted Sailor Dies,” Vancouver Province, September 6, 1957, page 3.

Samuel Robinson, death notice, Vancouver Province, September 6, 1958, page 35; Vancouver Sun, September 6, 1958, page 32: “Robinson—Captain Samuel Robinson on Sept. 5, 1958, at his residence, 1154 Matthews Ave., in his 88th year. Survived by his loving wife at him; a brother, Henry Robinson and sister Mrs. William Stanbrough of New York; a niece, Mrs. Floyd Parks of Washington, D.C. Funeral service Monday, Sept. 8, at 10 a.m. in St. John’s Shaughnessy Church, corner of Nanton Ave. and Granville St. Rev. Canon A.M. Trendell, D.D. officiating. Interment Forest Lawn Memorial Park. No flowers by request. Nunn and Thomson, Funeral Directors.”

“Capt. Samuel Robinson, Who Won Fame for Rescue Work in Jap Quake, Dies,” Special to the New York Times, September 7, 1958; page 86; http://www.nytimes.com/1958/09/07/archives/capt-samuel-robinson-who-won-fame-for-rescue-work-in-jap-quake-dies.html. [requires subscription for access].

 

William Robinson (brother of Samuel Robinson)

“New York, New York City Marriage Records, 1829-1940,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:24SD-W19 : 20 March 2015), William Robinson and Edwyna Lee, 24 Jan 1900; citing Marriage, Manhattan, New York, New York, United States, New York City Municipal Archives, New York; FHL microfilm 1,570,330.

 

Peleg Benson Nichols (father of Jessie Nichols)

“Maine Births and Christenings, 1739-1900,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:FW16-BH7 : 4 December 2014), Peleg Benson Nichols, 16 Oct 1838; citing ; FHL microfilm 12,250.

“Maine Births and Christenings, 1739-1900,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:FW1X-3FN : 4 December 2014), Peleg Benson Nichols, 16 Oct 1838; citing ; FHL microfilm 12,250.

“United States Census, 1840,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:XHT6-P2V : 24 August 2015), Peleg Nichols, Prospect, Waldo, Maine, United States; citing p. 404, NARA microfilm publication M704, (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.), roll 153; FHL microfilm 9,709.

“United States Census, 1850,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:M6V4-12G : 9 November 2014), Pelig B Nichols in household of Pelig Nichols, Searsport, Waldo, Maine, United States; citing family 267, NARA microfilm publication M432 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).

“United States Census, 1860”, database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MDHG-8GJ : 30 December 2015), Peleg Nichols in entry for Peleg Nichols, 1860.

“Maine Marriages, 1771-1907,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:F4NM-R4H : 4 December 2014), Peleg B. Nichols and Lorianna Cyphers, 01 Sep 1861; citing Waldo,Maine, reference ; FHL microfilm 12,415.

“Maine Marriages, 1771-1907,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:F4NM-R65 : 4 December 2014), Peleg B. Nichols and Hannah T. Curtis, 01 Dec 1868; citing Waldo, Maine, reference ; FHL microfilm 12,415.

“United States Census, 1870,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:M669-RJ4 : 17 October 2014), Peleg D Nichols, Maine, United States; citing p. 58, family 461, NARA microfilm publication M593 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.); FHL microfilm 552,060.

“United States Census, 1880,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MFQ7-6T4 : 14 July 2016), Peleg B Nichols, Searsport, Waldo, Maine, United States; citing enumeration district ED 92, sheet 468C, NARA microfilm publication T9 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.), roll 0489; FHL microfilm 1,254,489.

“Maine Vital Records, 1670-1921,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:KCDW-SPR : 27 December 2014), Peleg B Nichols, Death 27 Aug 1893; citing Division of Vital Statistics, State Board of Health, Augusta; FHL microfilm 10,007.

“Maine Deaths and Burials, 1841-1910,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:F4ZL-DX2 : 4 December 2014), Peleg B. Nichols, 27 Aug 1893; citing reference yr 1892-1939 p 2; FHL microfilm 12,250.

“Maine Deaths and Burials, 1841-1910,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:F4ZG-QZP : 4 December 2014), Peleg Benson Nichols, Aug 1893; citing reference yr 1801-1930 p 14; FHL microfilm 12,250.

“Maine, Nathan Hale Cemetery Collection, ca. 1780-1980,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:QVJP-T3V7 : 30 October 2014), Peleg Benson Nichols, 1893; citing Searsport, Waldo, Maine, United States, Elmwood Cemetery, Maine State Library, Augusta; FHL microfilm 1,316,349.

“Find A Grave Index,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:QVGL-MFJK : 13 December 2015), Peleg B. Nichols, 1893; Burial, Searsport, Waldo, Maine, United States of America, Elmwood Cemetery; citing record ID 123005351, Find a Grave, https://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=123005351.

 

Loriana Cyphers (wife of Peleg Benson Nichols)

“Maine Marriages, 1771-1907,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:F4NM-R44 : 4 December 2014), Peleg B. Nichols and Lorianna Cyphers, 01 Sep 1861; citing Waldo,Maine, reference ; FHL microfilm 12,415.

 

Hannah Trundy Curtis (father of Jessie Nichols)

“United States Census, 1860”, database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MDHP-LXC : 30 December 2015), Hannah T Curtis in entry for William Curtis, 1860.

“Maine Marriages, 1771-1907,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:F4NM-R6P : 4 December 2014), Peleg B. Nichols and Hannah T. Curtis, 01 Dec 1868; citing Waldo,Maine, reference ; FHL microfilm 12,415.

“United States Census, 1870,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:M669-RJH : 17 October 2014), Hannah T Nichols in household of Peleg D Nichols, Maine, United States; citing p. 58, family 461, NARA microfilm publication M593 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.); FHL microfilm 552,060.

“United States Census, 1880,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MFQ7-6TH : 14 July 2016), Hannah T Nichols in household of Peleg B Nichols, Searsport, Waldo, Maine, United States; citing enumeration district ED 92, sheet 468C, NARA microfilm publication T9 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.), roll 0489; FHL microfilm 1,254,489.

“United States Census, 1900,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MMGS-X3M : accessed 9 July 2017), Hannah T Nichols, Searsport town, Waldo, Maine, United States; citing enumeration district (ED) 186, sheet 7B, family 209, NARA microfilm publication T623 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1972.); FHL microfilm 1,240,601.

“Maine, Nathan Hale Cemetery Collection, ca. 1780-1980,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:QVJP-T3FG : 30 October 2014), Hannah Trundy Curtis Nichols, 1901; citing Searsport, Waldo, Maine, United States, Elmwood Cemetery, Maine State Library, Augusta; FHL microfilm 1,316,349.

“Maine, Nathan Hale Cemetery Collection, ca. 1780-1980,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:QVJ5-9RNM : 30 October 2014), Hannah Trundy Curtis Nichols, 1901; citing Searsport, Waldo, Maine, United States, Elmwood Cemetery, Maine State Library, Augusta; FHL microfilm 1,316,342.

“Find A Grave Index,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:QVGL-MFN1 : 11 July 2016), Hannah Trundy Curtis Nichols, 1901; Burial, Searsport, Waldo, Maine, United States of America, Elmwood Cemetery; citing record ID 123006251, Find a Grave, https://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=123006251.

 

Jessie Nichols (wife of Samuel Robinson)

“United States Census, 1870,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:M669-RJC : 17 October 2014), Jessie Nichols in household of Peleg D Nichols, Maine, United States; citing p. 58, family 461, NARA microfilm publication M593 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.); FHL microfilm 552,060.

“United States Census, 1880,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MFQ7-6TC : 14 July 2016), Jessie B Nichols in household of Peleg B Nichols, Searsport, Waldo, Maine, United States; citing enumeration district ED 92, sheet 468C, NARA microfilm publication T9 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.), roll 0489; FHL microfilm 1,254,489.

UK, Foreign and Overseas Registers of British Subjects, 1628-1969; Ancestry.com: Name: Samuel Robinson; Spouse: Jessie Nochols Reeves; Father: Henry Robinson.

UK, Foreign and Overseas Registers of British Subjects, 1628-1969; Ancestry.com: Name: Jessie Nochols Reeves; Spouse: Samuel Robinson.

“Recensement du Canada de 1911,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:QV95-MGS9 : 2 March 2015), Jeanie Nicholas Robinson in entry for Samuel Robinson, 1911; citing Census, Vancouver Sub-Districts 1-18, British Columbia, Canada, Library and Archives of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario; FHL microfilm 2,417,661; http://automatedgenealogy.com/census11/View.jsp?id=63708&highlight=19&desc=1911+Census+of+Canada+page+containing+Jennie+Nichols+Robinson.

1921 Canada Census, Jessie Robinson in household of Samuel Robinson [indexed as Lemuel Robinson]; Reference Number: RG 31; Folder Number: 19; Census Place: Point Grey (Municipality), Vancouver South, British Columbia; Page Number: 6; Ancestry.com. 1921 Census of Canada [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2013.

“British Columbia Death Registrations, 1872-1986; 1992-1993”, database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:FLR3-MFW : 13 April 2017), Jessie Nichols Robinson, 1960.

Jessie Nichols Robinson, death notice, Vancouver Province, February 20, 1960, page 19; Vancouver Sun, February 20, 1960, page 30: “Robinson—Passed away February 19, 1960, in hospital. Mrs. Jessie Nichols Robinson, widow of Captain Samuel Robinson, formerly of 1154 Matthews Ave., in her 89th year. Survived by 2 brothers in New England; a sister, Mrs. [sic] Mary Nichols, Vancouver. Funeral service Tuesday, February 23, at 2:30 p.m. in Nunn & Thomson Chapel, 10th Ave. and Cambie St.; Rev. Canon A.M. Tendell, D.D. officiating. Interment in Forest Lawn Memorial Park.”

 

Cyrus G. Nichols (brother of Jessie Nichols)

“Maine Vital Records, 1670-1921,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:Q24N-L8SZ : 6 October 2016), Cyrus G Nichols, Death 23 Nov 1908; citing Division of Vital Statistics, State Board of Health, Augusta; FHL microfilm 10,166.

 

Mary Hanna Nichols (sister of Jessie Nichols)

“Maine Vital Records, 1670-1921,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:2HVL-Y7P : 27 December 2014), Mary Hannah Nichols, Birth 23 Nov 1876; citing Division of Vital Statistics, State Board of Health, Augusta; FHL microfilm 1,205,234.

“Maine Vital Records, 1670-1921,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:2HKD-C7S : 27 December 2014), Mary Hannah Nichols, Birth 23 Nov 1876; citing Division of Vital Statistics, State Board of Health, Augusta; FHL microfilm 9,837.

“United States Census, 1880,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MFQ7-6T8 : 14 July 2016), Mary H Nichols in household of Peleg B Nichols, Searsport, Waldo, Maine, United States; citing enumeration district ED 92, sheet 468D, NARA microfilm publication T9 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.), roll 0489; FHL microfilm 1,254,489.

“Recensement du Canada de 1911,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:QV95-MGSS : 2 March 2015), Maud Hanna Nichols in entry for Samuel Robinson, 1911; citing Census, Vancouver Sub-Districts 1-18, British Columbia, Canada, Library and Archives of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario; FHL microfilm 2,417,66; http://automatedgenealogy.com/census11/View.jsp?id=63708&highlight=20&desc=1911+Census+of+Canada+page+containing+May+Hanna+Nichols.