1997 Georgia Street was on the northeast corner of Georgia Street and Chilco Street.
Legal Description: District Lot 185, Block 64, Lot 13.
There are three references to this property in Heritage Vancouver Society’s database of historic building permits: http://permits.heritagevancouver.org/index.php?cID=1 [searched December 10, 2019].
|Legal Address:||DL: 185 Block: 64 Sub: Resub: Lot:|
|Street Name:||Georgia Street W|
|Remarks:||Office/store; [added legal desc.]|
|Owner:||Mathers, J. B.|
|Architect:||Menzie, J. N.|
|Builder:||Mathers, J. B.|
|Legal Address:||DL: 185 Block: 64 Sub: Resub: Lot: 13|
|Street Name:||Georgia Street W|
|Owner:||Mathers, J. B.|
|Legal Address:||DL: 185 Block: Sub: Resub: Lot:|
|Street Name:||Georgia Street W|
|Remarks:||Repairs; erect building [BCR]|
James Bolivar Mathers
In the 1916 and 1917 building permits, the owner of 1997 Georgia Street was J. B. Mathers. He was probably James Bolivar Mathers (1863-1936), the president of Mercantile Mortgage Company Limited.
Vancouver directory addresses for 1997 Georgia Street from 1909 to 1920.
|1909||Gamage, Victor Bernard|
|1910 to 1913||Copp, Fred Thomas|
|1914 to 1915||Mitchell, Walter|
|1917 to 1919||Buck, George Harold|
|1920 to late 1930s||United Candy Company|
For much of the time, a refreshment parlor or café occupied this site.
Sometimes rental accommodations were available in part of the building.
From 1920 to the late 1930s, the United Candy Company was on the site.
The Vancouver directories continued to list the United Candy Company at 1997 Georgia Street until 1939. However some sources from the 1930s say that the Causeway Inn was also this location.
Parkway Inn: Harry Kiriakos Santos
From 1941 to about 1948, Harry Kiriakos Santos (1890-1965) operated the Parkway Inn restaurant at 1997 Georgia Street. During the Second World War, restaurant employees were difficult to find.
The restaurant often advertised for workers.
During the Second World War, rationing and price controls affected many businesses, including restaurants. At the beginning of the war, the federal government created the Wartime Prices and Trade Board to reduce the likelihood of inflation and social unrest that had occurred during the First World War. The board introduced a series of price control regulations.
In 1943, Harry Santos was charged with selling meals at a higher price than the regulations allowed. A magistrate dismissed the charge.
In 1944, a fire in the café’s kitchen damaged the café and part of the building next door.
After the repairs, the café continued in business. It was still necessary to advertise for kitchen staff.
In 1948, a former employee named Steve Yip sued Mr. Santos for a commission on the sale of the Parkway Inn. The court ruled in favour of Mr. Yip.
The British Columbia Court of Appeal dismissed an appeal from the lower court’s order.
The 1950s and 1960s
This portion of a 1954 sectional plan shows the lots along Georgia Street. The blue line on the plan indicates the original high water mark.
In 1955, a fire damaged the interior of the café.
In the early 1960s, the Parkway Inn café was still at this location.
Harry Santos, the former operator of the Parkway Inn, died in Vancouver on November 1, 1965.
In the 1960s, developers proposed to build apartments and marinas in this area.
The dotted line on the map below shows the original high water mark.
The project faced several legal and political obstacles, along with significant local opposition. Along the way, the original developers sold part of the land to other developers.
As a result, much of the property was vacant during the later 1960s.
The Four Seasons Hotel group became involved, and it proposed to build a hotel-apartment complex. The development became known as the “Four Seasons site.”
Federal Crown’s Involvement
The proponents of the Four Seasons project had concluded that they needed some reclaimed land from former water lot areas to allow the project to be viable. (Where an upland owner deliberately adds fill or builds wharves or piers on lands formerly covered by water, the upland owner does not own the new property; it still belongs to the original owner of the water lot.)
For historical and constitutional law reasons, the federal Crown had jurisdiction over these water lot areas, because they were part of Vancouver harbour. The National Harbours Board controlled Canada’s major harbours from 1936 until the board was dissolved by the Canada Ports Corporation Act in 1983. The National Harbours Board reported to Parliament through the Minister of Transport.
For a time, the federal Crown seemed to be in favour of sub-leasing water lot area to allow the project to go ahead.
However, many people opposed the project. The Vancouver park board tried to acquire the property. In May 1971, a group of protesters occupied the area and called it “All Seasons Park.” For several months, the area was home to several groups of squatters.
The city held a plebiscite to evaluate the level of support for the city to buy the land. Although the plebiscite needed 60 percent support to pass, it received only 51.5 percent. The developers were still planning to go ahead with their project.
However, in 1972, the federal Crown decided not to issue a lease for a water lot, which was an important part of the proposal, and the developers stopped the project.
In August 1972, the Four Seasons group withdrew from the project. After further negotiations with successive owners of the land, the city bought the site in November 1973 for $6.4 million.
The site eventually became Devonian Harbour Park.
Harry Kiriakos Santos
“United States Census, 1930,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:XCQH-VFZ : accessed 11 December 2019), Harry K Santos, Spokane, Spokane, Washington, United States; citing enumeration district (ED) ED 59, sheet 17A, line 32, family 372, NARA microfilm publication T626 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 2002), roll 2517; FHL microfilm 2,342,251.
“British Columbia Death Registrations, 1872-1986; 1992-1993”, database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:FLTR-CCD : 8 November 2017), Harry Kiriakos Santos, 1965.
“Find A Grave Index,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:7JMP-H8W2 : 13 March 2019), Harry Kiriakos Santos, ; Burial, , ; citing record ID 195384304, Find a Grave, https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/195384304: “Harry Kiriakos Santos; Birth: 25 Mar 1890, Greece; Death: 1 Nov 1965 (aged 75), Vancouver, Greater Vancouver Regional District, British Columbia, Canada; Burial: Cremated, Specifically: Ocean View, Burnaby, BC; Memorial ID: 195384304.”
Kristiane Grundahl (wife of Harry Kiriakos Santos)
“Denmark Census, 1916,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:Q2CC-J1FS : 12 July 2017), Kristiane Grundahl in entry for Frederik Petersen Grundahl, Holsted, Malt, Ribe, Denmark; from “1916 Denmark Census,” database and images, MyHeritage ( https://www.myheritage.com : 2016), film 00167; citing household 642187, Rigsarkivet, København (The Danish National Archives), Copenhagen; FHL microfilm 103,920,340.
“United States Census, 1930,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:XCQH-VF8 : accessed 11 December 2019), Christiana Santos in household of Harry K Santos, Spokane, Spokane, Washington, United States; citing enumeration district (ED) ED 59, sheet 17A, line 33, family 372, NARA microfilm publication T626 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 2002), roll 2517; FHL microfilm 2,342,251.
“British Columbia Death Registrations, 1872-1986; 1992-1993”, database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:FL1C-JFB : 8 November 2017), Christiane Santos, 1980.
Constitutional Law Case: Attorney-General of Canada v. Higbie
Attorney-General of Canada v. Higbie,  SCR 385,  3 DLR 1 (Supreme Court of Canada), https://www.canlii.org/en/ca/scc/doc/1944/1944canlii29/1944canlii29.html; reversing Attorney-General of Canada v. Higbie et al., 1944 CanLII 298;  2 DLR 425;  1 WWR 615 (British Columbia Court of Appeal), https://www.canlii.org/en/bc/bcca/doc/1944/1944canlii298/1944canlii298.html; which had reversed Attorney-General of Canada v. Higbie et al., 1941 CanLII 276;  3 DLR 66 (British Columbia Supreme Court), https://www.canlii.org/en/bc/bcsc/doc/1941/1941canlii276/1941canlii276.html.
Service Ontario, Bulletin 75045, Interministerial Transfers of Administration and Control, Bulletin information; Issue Date: June 10, 1975; Legislation: The Crown Agency Act, R.S.O. 1970, c. 100; https://www.ontario.ca/land-registration/75045-interministerial-transfers-administration-and-control. “Administration and control is transferred to a Crown Agency, as defined in section 1 of The Crown Agency Ministry of Act, by order in council because it is not a separate legal entity from the Crown. A 1945 decision in the case of Attorney General of Canada v. Higbie et al established the principle that, because the Crown is one and indivisible, it is not appropriate for The Crown, when transferring land from one government to another, to do so by letters patent and should use an order in council.”
Four Seasons Hotel Project and All Seasons Park
“The Bayshore Inn and Coal Harbour: A case study in waterfront corporate giveaways,” in Vancouver Ltd., by Donald Gutstein, Toronto, James Lorimer and Company, 1975, pages 76-83.
Vancouver Remembered, by Michael Kluckner; North Vancouver, British Columbia, Whitecap Books, 2006, page 138.
1971 Photo Narrative: Mud City Estates; by Henri Robideau; http://henrirobideau.com/mud-city-estates.html. [Includes narrative and photographs of All Seasons Park in July 1971.]
Vancouver’s other Occupation: All Season’s Park, by Peter Tupper, August 20, 2012; http://petertupper.com/2012/08/20/vancouvers-other-occupation-all-seasons-park/ [includes illustrations].
“This Week in History: 1971 All Seasons Park springs up at the entrance to Stanley Park,” by John Mackie; Vancouver Sun, May 26, 2017; https://vancouversun.com/news/local-news/this-week-in-history-1971-all-seasons-park-springs-up-at-the-entrance-to-stanley-park [includes illustrations].
Tales From the West End: The People’s Park – Mar 20; by Gordon Price; https://pricetags.ca/2019/03/06/tales-from-the-west-end-the-peoples-park-mar-20/: “March’s featured storyteller is Kevin Dale McKeown, editor and publisher of The West End Journal. As part of his “People’s Park” story, Kevin recalls the spring of 1971 when Vancouver’s Yippie movement occupied and built a tent city on the proposed site of a new Four Seasons Hotel at the entrance to Stanley Park – where Devonian Harbour Park is today.”