1997 Georgia Street

 

1997 Georgia Street, June 30, 1914; detail from Coal Harbour view from Denman Street, Vancouver City Archives, CVA 789-123; http://searcharchives.vancouver.ca/coal-harbour-view-from-denman-street.

 

1900 block Georgia Street, north side; 1931; detail from Vancouver, B.C. from the air looking east from Lost Lagoon; Vancouver City Archives; Van Sc P15; https://searcharchives.vancouver.ca/vancouver-b-c-from-air-looking-east-from-lost-lagoon.

 

1997 Georgia Street was on the northeast corner of Georgia Street and Chilco Street.

Legal Description: District Lot 185, Block 64, Lot 13.

 

1900 Block Georgia Street - Detail from Goad’s Atlas of the city of Vancouver – 1912 – Vol 1 – Plate 7 – Coal Harbour to Barclay Street and Cardero Street to Stanley Park

1900 Block Georgia Street – Detail from Goad’s Atlas of the city of Vancouver – 1912 – Vol 1 – Plate 7 – Coal Harbour to Barclay Street and Cardero Street to Stanley Park.

 

 

1997 Georgia Street, 1995 Georgia Street, and 1961 Georgia Street; detail from Goad’s Atlas of Vancouver, Volume 1, Plate 42 [Denman Street to Burrard Inlet to Chilco Street to Georgia Street]; Vancouver City Archives; 1972-582.17; https://searcharchives.vancouver.ca/plate-42-denman-street-to-burrard-inlet-to-chilco-street-to-georgia-street.

 

There are three references to this property in Heritage Vancouver Society’s database of historic building permits: http://permits.heritagevancouver.org/index.php?cID=1 [searched December 10, 2019].

 

District: Vancouver
Permit: 7267
Owner: Mitchell, Walter
Architect: Mitchell, Walter
Builder: Mitchell, Walter
Legal Address: DL: 185 Block: 64 Sub: Resub: Lot:
Date (Y-M-D): 1914-12-02
Street Number: 1997
Street Name: Georgia Street W
Value: $30.00
Remarks: Office/store; [added legal desc.]
Reference ID: VN-3500-3501-1202

 

 

District: Vancouver
Permit: 7970
Owner: Mathers, J. B.
Architect: Menzie, J. N.
Builder: Mathers, J. B.
Legal Address: DL: 185 Block: 64 Sub: Resub: Lot: 13
Date (Y-M-D): 1916-02-28
Street Number: 1997
Street Name: Georgia Street W
Value: $50.00
Remarks: Repairs
Reference ID: VN-0066-0067-5

 

 

District: Vancouver
Permit: 8614
Owner: Mathers, J. B.
Architect: Young, Mr.
Builder: Young, Mr.
Legal Address: DL: 185 Block: Sub: Resub: Lot:
Date (Y-M-D): 1917-06-19
Street Number: 1997
Street Name: Georgia Street W
Value: $100.00
Remarks: Repairs; erect building [BCR]
Reference ID: VN-1077-1078-22

 

 

James Bolivar Mathers

In the 1916 and 1917 building permits, the owner of 1997 Georgia Street was J. B. Mathers. He was probably James Bolivar Mathers (1863-1936), the president of Mercantile Mortgage Company Limited.

 

Henderson’s Greater Vancouver City Directory, 1916, page 784.

 

Vancouver Sun, July 31, 1936, page 4, column 3.

 

 

Vancouver Province, September 11, 1937, page 33, column 1.

 

Winnipeg Tribune, August 29, 1940, page 9, column 2.

 

Vancouver directory addresses for 1997 Georgia Street from 1909 to 1920.

 

1909 Gamage, Victor Bernard
1910 to 1913 Copp, Fred Thomas
1914 to 1915 Mitchell, Walter
1917 to 1919 Buck, George Harold
1920 to late 1930s United Candy Company

 

For much of the time, a refreshment parlor or café occupied this site.

 

Vancouver Province, August 21, 1908, page 18, column 2.

 

Sometimes rental accommodations were available in part of the building.

 

Vancouver Province, June 5, 1909, page 20, column 6.

 

From 1920 to the late 1930s, the United Candy Company was on the site.

 

United Candy Company, July 27, 1921; detail from View of Stanley Park causeway showing Lost Lagoon; Vancouver City Archives, PAN N199; https://searcharchives.vancouver.ca/view-of-stanley-park-causeway-showing-lost-lagoon-and-vancouver-rowing-club-building-on-coal-harbour.

United Candy Company, July 27, 1921; detail from View of Stanley Park causeway showing Lost Lagoon; Vancouver City Archives, PAN N199; https://searcharchives.vancouver.ca/view-of-stanley-park-causeway-showing-lost-lagoon-and-vancouver-rowing-club-building-on-coal-harbour.

 

 

Vancouver Province, April 16, 1920, page 30, column 1.

 

The Vancouver directories continued to list the United Candy Company at 1997 Georgia Street until 1939. However some sources from the 1930s say that the Causeway Inn was also this location.

 

Vancouver Sun, March 24, 1932, page 1, column 3.

 

 

Causeway Coffee Shop; April 30, 1943; detail from Boeing workers outside the Boeing Aircraft of Canada, Ltd.; Vancouver City Archives, CVA 1184-1274; https://searcharchives.vancouver.ca/boeing-workers-outside-boeing-aircraft-of-canada-ltd-plant-after-being-locked-out-by-company-officials-11.

 

Parkway Inn: Harry Kiriakos Santos

From 1941 to about 1948, Harry Kiriakos Santos (1890-1965) operated the Parkway Inn restaurant at 1997 Georgia Street. During the Second World War, restaurant employees were difficult to find.

 

Excerpt from obituary for Helen Demetra Boyce (née Santos) Vancouver Sun, April 9, 2016, page C4, columns 4-5.

 

The restaurant often advertised for workers.

 

Vancouver Province, July 4, 1942, page 21, column 1.

 

 

Vancouver Sun, December 19, 1942, page 20, column 3.

 

During the Second World War, rationing and price controls affected many businesses, including restaurants. At the beginning of the war, the federal government created the Wartime Prices and Trade Board to reduce the likelihood of inflation and social unrest that had occurred during the First World War. The board introduced a series of price control regulations.

 

“The Price Ceiling Order is Now Law,” Toronto Globe and Mail, December 1, 1941, page 8; reproduced in “Canada and the War, The War Economy and Controls: Wage and Price Controls”; Canadian War Museum; https://www.warmuseum.ca/cwm/exhibitions/newspapers/canadawar/wageprice_e.html.

 

In 1943, Harry Santos was charged with selling meals at a higher price than the regulations allowed. A magistrate dismissed the charge.

 

Vancouver Sun, August 6, 1943, page 9, column 4.

 

In 1944, a fire in the café’s kitchen damaged the café and part of the building next door.

 

Vancouver Province, June 5, 1944, page 9, column 2.

 

After the repairs, the café continued in business. It was still necessary to advertise for kitchen staff.

 

Vancouver Province, January 19, 1946, page 19, column 3.

 

In 1948, a former employee named Steve Yip sued Mr. Santos for a commission on the sale of the Parkway Inn. The court ruled in favour of Mr. Yip.

 

Vancouver Sun, August 11, 1948, page 19, column 6.

 

The British Columbia Court of Appeal dismissed an appeal from the lower court’s order.

 

Vancouver Sun, March 23, 1949, page 24, column 6.

 

 

The 1950s and 1960s

This portion of a 1954 sectional plan shows the lots along Georgia Street. The blue line on the plan indicates the original high water mark.

 

West Georgia Street, Bidwell Street to Chilco Street, 1954; detail from City of Vancouver sectional plans; [similar to COV-S167—: LEG1319.415; https://searcharchives.vancouver.ca/sectional-map-of-vancouver-zoning-burrard-street-to-coal-harbour-to-stanley-park-to-robson-street%5D.

 

In 1955, a fire damaged the interior of the café.

 

Vancouver Sun, December 17, 1955, page 25, column 7.

 

 

The Coal Harbour waterfront and the entrance to Stanley Park, 1950s. Bill Dennett/Vancouver Sun; http://www.vancouversun.com/Coal+Harbour+waterfront+entrance+Stanley+Park+1950s+Bill+Dennett+Vancouver/11205432/story.html.

 

1900 block of Georgia Street (north side); about 1960; Vancouver: From Milltown to Metropolis, by Alan Morley; Vancouver, Mitchell Press, 1961, facing page 210; original photograph by George Allen Aerial Photos.

 

In the early 1960s, the Parkway Inn café was still at this location.

 

North side of the 1900 block of West Georgia Street near Stanley Park; August 21, 1963; Vancouver Public Library; VPL Accession Number 43354; https://www3.vpl.ca/spePhotos/LeonardFrankCollection/02DisplayJPGs/739/43354.jpg.

 

 

Northeast corner of Georgia St. and Chilco Street; January 25, 1964; Vancouver City Archives; CVA 447-359; https://searcharchives.vancouver.ca/georgia-st-end-west.

 

Harry Santos, the former operator of the Parkway Inn, died in Vancouver on November 1, 1965.

 

Vancouver Province, November 4, 1965, page 27, column 3.

 

Proposed Developments

In the 1960s, developers proposed to build apartments and marinas in this area.

 

Vancouver Province, March 29, 1962, page 1, columns 2-6.

 

The dotted line on the map below shows the original high water mark.

 

Vancouver Province, March 29, 1962, page 14, columns 3-8.

 

The project faced several legal and political obstacles, along with significant local opposition. Along the way, the original developers sold part of the land to other developers.

As a result, much of the property was vacant during the later 1960s.

 

Coal Harbour in Vancouver, B.C.; July 1965 [detail, looking south to intersection of West Georgia Street and Chilco Street]; photograph by David Davies. David Davies Railway Collection; Northern British Columbia Archives, Geoffrey R. Weller Library, University of Northern British Columbia; Item 2013.6.36.1.003.063a – https://search.nbca.unbc.ca/index.php/coal-harbour-in-vancouver-b-c-6.

 

North side of Georgia St. at Gilford St. [cropped]; February 1967; Vancouver City Archives; CVA 404-28; https://searcharchives.vancouver.ca/north-side-of-georgia-st-at-gilford-st.

 

The Four Seasons Hotel group became involved, and it proposed to build a hotel-apartment complex. The development became known as the “Four Seasons site.”

 

Federal Crown’s Involvement

The proponents of the Four Seasons project had concluded that they needed some reclaimed land from former water lot areas to allow the project to be viable. (Where an upland owner deliberately adds fill or builds wharves or piers on lands formerly covered by water, the upland owner does not own the new property; it still belongs to the original owner of the water lot.)

For historical and constitutional law reasons, the federal Crown had jurisdiction over these water lot areas, because they were part of Vancouver harbour. The National Harbours Board controlled Canada’s major harbours from 1936 until the board was dissolved by the Canada Ports Corporation Act in 1983. The National Harbours Board reported to Parliament through the Minister of Transport.

For a time, the federal Crown seemed to be in favour of sub-leasing water lot area to allow the project to go ahead.

However, many people opposed the project. The Vancouver park board tried to acquire the property. In May 1971, a group of protesters occupied the area and called it “All Seasons Park.” For several months, the area was home to several groups of squatters.

 

Vancouver Sun, May 29, 1971, page 82, column 8.

 

The city held a plebiscite to evaluate the level of support for the city to buy the land. Although the plebiscite needed 60 percent support to pass, it received only 51.5 percent. The developers were still planning to go ahead with their project.

However, in 1972, the federal Crown decided not to issue a lease for a water lot, which was an important part of the proposal, and the developers stopped the project.

 

Vancouver Sun, June 17, 1972, page 7, column 6.

 

In August 1972, the Four Seasons group withdrew from the project. After further negotiations with successive owners of the land, the city bought the site in November 1973 for $6.4 million.

The site eventually became Devonian Harbour Park.

 

1900 Block of West Georgia Street, looking south-west; Google Maps, 3D view; searched December 10, 2019.

 

Sources

Harry Kiriakos Santos

“United States Census, 1930,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:XCQH-VFZ : accessed 11 December 2019), Harry K Santos, Spokane, Spokane, Washington, United States; citing enumeration district (ED) ED 59, sheet 17A, line 32, family 372, NARA microfilm publication T626 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 2002), roll 2517; FHL microfilm 2,342,251.

“British Columbia Death Registrations, 1872-1986; 1992-1993”, database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:FLTR-CCD : 8 November 2017), Harry Kiriakos Santos, 1965.

“Find A Grave Index,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:7JMP-H8W2 : 13 March 2019), Harry Kiriakos Santos, ; Burial, , ; citing record ID 195384304, Find a Grave, https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/195384304: “Harry Kiriakos Santos; Birth: 25 Mar 1890, Greece; Death: 1 Nov 1965 (aged 75), Vancouver, Greater Vancouver Regional District, British Columbia, Canada; Burial: Cremated, Specifically: Ocean View, Burnaby, BC; Memorial ID: 195384304.”

 

Kristiane Grundahl (wife of Harry Kiriakos Santos)

“Denmark Census, 1916,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:Q2CC-J1FS : 12 July 2017), Kristiane Grundahl in entry for Frederik Petersen Grundahl, Holsted, Malt, Ribe, Denmark; from “1916 Denmark Census,” database and images, MyHeritage ( https://www.myheritage.com : 2016), film 00167; citing household 642187, Rigsarkivet, København (The Danish National Archives), Copenhagen; FHL microfilm 103,920,340.

“United States Census, 1930,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:XCQH-VF8 : accessed 11 December 2019), Christiana Santos in household of Harry K Santos, Spokane, Spokane, Washington, United States; citing enumeration district (ED) ED 59, sheet 17A, line 33, family 372, NARA microfilm publication T626 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 2002), roll 2517; FHL microfilm 2,342,251.

“British Columbia Death Registrations, 1872-1986; 1992-1993”, database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:FL1C-JFB : 8 November 2017), Christiane Santos, 1980.

 

Constitutional Law Case: Attorney-General of Canada v. Higbie

Attorney-General of Canada v. Higbie, [1945] SCR 385, [1945] 3 DLR 1 (Supreme Court of Canada), https://www.canlii.org/en/ca/scc/doc/1944/1944canlii29/1944canlii29.html; reversing Attorney-General of Canada v. Higbie et al., 1944 CanLII 298; [1944] 2 DLR 425; [1944] 1 WWR 615 (British Columbia Court of Appeal), https://www.canlii.org/en/bc/bcca/doc/1944/1944canlii298/1944canlii298.html; which had reversed Attorney-General of Canada v. Higbie et al., 1941 CanLII 276; [1942] 3 DLR 66 (British Columbia Supreme Court), https://www.canlii.org/en/bc/bcsc/doc/1941/1941canlii276/1941canlii276.html.

Service Ontario, Bulletin 75045, Interministerial Transfers of Administration and Control, Bulletin information; Issue Date: June 10, 1975; Legislation: The Crown Agency Act, R.S.O. 1970, c. 100; https://www.ontario.ca/land-registration/75045-interministerial-transfers-administration-and-control. “Administration and control is transferred to a Crown Agency, as defined in section 1 of The Crown Agency Ministry of Act, by order in council because it is not a separate legal entity from the Crown. A 1945 decision in the case of Attorney General of Canada v. Higbie et al established the principle that, because the Crown is one and indivisible, it is not appropriate for The Crown, when transferring land from one government to another, to do so by letters patent and should use an order in council.”

 

Four Seasons Hotel Project and All Seasons Park

“The Bayshore Inn and Coal Harbour: A case study in waterfront corporate giveaways,” in Vancouver Ltd., by Donald Gutstein, Toronto, James Lorimer and Company, 1975, pages 76-83.

Vancouver Remembered, by Michael Kluckner; North Vancouver, British Columbia, Whitecap Books, 2006, page 138.

1971 Photo Narrative: Mud City Estates; by Henri Robideau; http://henrirobideau.com/mud-city-estates.html. [Includes narrative and photographs of All Seasons Park in July 1971.]

Vancouver’s other Occupation: All Season’s Park, by Peter Tupper, August 20, 2012; http://petertupper.com/2012/08/20/vancouvers-other-occupation-all-seasons-park/ [includes illustrations].

“This Week in History: 1971 All Seasons Park springs up at the entrance to Stanley Park,” by John Mackie; Vancouver Sun, May 26, 2017; https://vancouversun.com/news/local-news/this-week-in-history-1971-all-seasons-park-springs-up-at-the-entrance-to-stanley-park [includes illustrations].

Tales From the West End: The People’s Park – Mar 20; by Gordon Price; https://pricetags.ca/2019/03/06/tales-from-the-west-end-the-peoples-park-mar-20/: “March’s featured storyteller is Kevin Dale McKeown, editor and publisher of The West End Journal. As part of his “People’s Park” story, Kevin recalls the spring of 1971 when Vancouver’s Yippie movement occupied and built a tent city on the proposed site of a new Four Seasons Hotel at the entrance to Stanley Park – where Devonian Harbour Park is today.”

..

 

6 thoughts on “1997 Georgia Street

  1. Pingback: George Harold Buck (1881- ) | westendvancouver

  2. Pingback: Buck , George Harold (1881- ) | westendvancouver

  3. Pingback: Fred Thomas Copp (1882-1943) | westendvancouver

  4. Pingback: Victor Bernard Gamage (1883-possibly 1967) | westendvancouver

  5. Pingback: William Roden Orde (1867-1948) | WestEndVancouver

  6. Pingback: Walter Mitchell (1881-1963) | WestEndVancouver

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.