Clark, Alexander Frederick Bruce (1885-1975)

Doctor Alexander Frederick Bruce Clark, U.B.C. Alumni Chronicle, June 1949, page 14, http://www.library.ubc.ca/archives/pdfs/chronicle/AL_CHRON_1949_06.pdf

Doctor Alexander Frederick Bruce Clark, U.B.C. Alumni Chronicle, June 1949, page 14, http://www.library.ubc.ca/archives/pdfs/chronicle/AL_CHRON_1949_06.pdf

Bruce Clarke [sic] - Henderson’s Greater Vancouver City Directory, 1919, page 454. [selected detail; note “e” at end of surname: Clarke.]

Bruce Clarke [sic] – Henderson’s Greater Vancouver City Directory, 1919, page 454. [selected detail; note “e” at end of surname: Clarke.]

Alexander Frederick Bruce Clark (also known as “Bruce Clark” or “A.F.B. Clark”) was a professor of French at the University of British Columbia. He lived at 1835 Barclay Street in 1919.

Bruce was born on April 26, 1885, in Toronto, Ontario. His father was Frederick Clark (1855-1928), who was a merchant tailor at 95 King Street West in Toronto:

Frederick Clark, of P M Clark and Son, Toronto City Directory, 1891, page 648, http://static.torontopubliclibrary.ca/da/pdfs/tcd1891.pdf.

Frederick Clark, of P M Clark and Son, Toronto City Directory, 1891, page 648, http://static.torontopubliclibrary.ca/da/pdfs/tcd1891.pdf.

The Clark family had been in the tailoring business in Toronto for many years.

P M Clark and Son, Industries of Canada: Historical and Commercial Sketches of Toronto and Environs; Its Prominent Places and People, Representative Merchants and Manufactures ... Toronto, M.G. Bixby, 1886, page 101, https://books.google.ca/books?id=5TVEAQAAMAAJ&pg=PA101&lpg=PA101&dq=%22p+m+clark%22+toronto+tailors&source=bl&ots=BKGlQTgPc0&sig=rx8KLZbOyz_Crb6x7YzEmbv-Jsc&hl=en&sa=X&ei=0EoUVdqJBoHiyATL-YHoAw&ved=0CFoQ6AEwCQ#v=onepage&q&f=false

P M Clark and Son, Industries of Canada: Historical and Commercial Sketches of Toronto and Environs; Its Prominent Places and People, Representative Merchants and Manufactures … Toronto, M.G. Bixby, 1886, page 101, https://books.google.ca/books?id=5TVEAQAAMAAJ&pg=PA101&lpg=PA101&dq=%22p+m+clark%22+toronto+tailors&source=bl&ots=BKGlQTgPc0&sig=rx8KLZbOyz_Crb6x7YzEmbv-Jsc&hl=en&sa=X&ei=0EoUVdqJBoHiyATL-YHoAw&ved=0CFoQ6AEwCQ#v=onepage&q&f=false

Bruce’s mother was Alexandrina Amelia Duff (1857-1918). Frederick and Alexandrina were married in Toronto on July 17, 1883.

Bruce attended the University of Toronto, where he received a Bachelor of Arts in 1906. He later went to Harvard (where he earned a Ph.D.) and the University of Paris.

In addition to his academic studies, Bruce also wrote his own poems, one of which appeared in the 1913 edition of the Oxford Book of Canadian Verse:

A Water Song

By Alexander Frederick Bruce Clark (b. 1884)

WHEN the shore recedes like a world thrust off,

And the wind herds the ripples like sheep aflee,

I ship my oars, and, stretched out, I let

The water and wind take my boat and me.

Oh, floating along

To the water’s song

While the wavelets gurgle and ripple and cream,

And the fish curve forth in a watery gleam,

And the kingfisher dives and the white gulls scream,

And the clouds drift all day long.

Lo, into the sunset-gates of light

I float in evenings clear and cool,

Where the clouds like water-lilies white

Seem lolling asleep in a golden pool.

Oh, floating along

To the water’s song

While the sun sheathes his golden sword in the lake,

And every wave is a burning flake,

And guitars in tremulous tones awake

And echo the evening long.

And I in those secret places go

Where the shy, young stars come forth at night,

To see themselves in the lake’s deep glass

When darkness has banished the curious light.

Oh, floating along

To the water’s song

When the lake is a palace of pillared fires,

Or a city of churches with silver spires

Drowned for aeons with cross and choirs

That still chant all night long.

William Wilfred Campbell, comp., The Oxford Book of Canadian Verse. 1913; http://www.bartleby.com/335/240.html

On June 21, 1916, in Toronto, Bruce married Jessie Wilson Forrest. She was born on March 27, 1879, in Bradford, Ontario. Her father was William Forrest (1842-1919), who was a medical doctor and teacher. Jessie’s mother was Maria Cockerline (1849-1950).

Bruce had a position in the Department of English at the University of Toronto. In 1918, he resigned the position to become an assistant-professor at the Washington University, Seattle.

Soon afterward, Bruce and Jessie arrived in Vancouver, where Bruce began his long career as a professor of French at the University of British Columbia. He lived for a short time at 1835 Barclay Street.

By 1920, Bruce and Jessie had moved to 5037 Maple Street, where they often held cultural events, including meetings of the French club, and the German club, and the Players Club. Jessie also taught French at the university.

A F B Clark - Greater Vancouver Social and Club Register - 1927 - page 15

A F B Clark – Greater Vancouver Social and Club Register – 1927 – page 15

Bruce’s father, Frederick, died on February 19, 1928, while visiting with Bruce in Vancouver.

Bruce became a full professor at the University of British Columbia in 1930.

Bruce published well-respected books on French authors, including studies of Racine and Boileau. His 1925 book called Boileau and the French Classical Critics in England: 1660-1830 still appears as an authoritative source in many modern bibliographies.

He was also interested in authors who wrote in other languages, including German and Russian, and he published shorter works on Alexander Sergeyevitch Pushkin (1937) and The Dialectical Humanism of Thomas Mann (1938).

He was an officer of the French Academy. He was also a supporter of music and painting.

In 1949, Bruce retired from the University of British Columbia. He and Jessie moved to Toronto.

Jessie died before 1975.

Bruce died in Toronto on January 18, 1975.

Bruce and Jessie did not have any children.

Sources

Peter M. Clark (grandfather of Alexander Bruce Frederick Clark)

“Ontario Census, 1861,” index, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MQ7B-LK3 : accessed 27 March 2015), Peter M Clark, Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; citing p. , line ; Library and Archives Canada film number , Public Archives, Toronto; FHL microfilm .

“Canada Census, 1871,” index, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:M4QZ-HHJ : accessed 27 March 2015), Peter M Clark, St George’s Ward, West Toronto, Ontario, Canada; citing p. 41, line 1; Library and Archives Canada film number C-9969, Public Archives, Ottawa, Ontario; FHL microfilm 4,396,341.

“Canada Census, 1891,” index, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MWG5-8DT : accessed 27 March 2015), Peter M Clark, St Pauls Ward, York East, Ontario, Canada; Public Archives, Ottawa, Ontario; Library and Archives Canada film number 30953_148181.

“Canada Census, 1891,” index, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MWG5-815 : accessed 27 March 2015), Peter M Clark, St Pauls Ward, York East, Ontario, Canada; Public Archives, Ottawa, Ontario; Library and Archives Canada film number 30953_148181.

“Canada Census, 1901,” index, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:KHPM-2WQ : accessed 27 March 2015), Peter M Clark, H, York (east/est), Ontario, Canada; citing p. 15, Library and Archives of Canada, Ottawa; http://automatedgenealogy.com/census/View.jsp?id=110546&highlight=13&desc=1901+Census+of+Canada+page+containing+Peter+M+Clark; http://data2.collectionscanada.ca/1901/z/z003/pdf/z000117862.pdf.

“Canada Census, 1901,” index, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:KH28-VZ9 : accessed 27 March 2015), Peter Clark, C, Bruce (east/est), Ontario, Canada; citing p. 2, Library and Archives of Canada, Ottawa.

“Recensement du Canada de 1911,” index, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:27X6-RZC : accessed 27 March 2015), Peter M Clarke, 1911; citing Census, York North Sub-Districts 1-13, Ontario, Canada, Library and Archives of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario; FHL microfilm .

“Ontario, Toronto Trust Cemeteries, 1826-1989,” index and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:276S-K3L : accessed 27 March 2015), Peter M Clark, 19 Aug 1911; citing Toronto, Ontario, Canada, section and lot T Fancy 22, line 27949, volume Volume 03, 1908-1919, Toronto Trust Cemeteris, Toronto; FHL microfilm 1,617,217.

Will of Late P. M. Clark, Toronto Globe, December 18, 1911, page 8: “The late Peter M. Clark, formerly senior member of the tailoring firm of P.M. Clark & Son, 95 King street west, by his will filed in the Surrogate Court on Saturday leaves an estate of $16,958.38. Miss Caroline Emily Clark, daughter, of 635 Huron street, is left the entire estate.”

Frederick Clark (father of Alexander Bruce Frederick Clark)

“Ontario Marriages, 1869-1927,” index, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/FMJH-TP4 : accessed 26 March 2015), Frederick Clark and Alexandrina Amelia Duff, 17 Jul 1883; citing registration 014729, Toronto, York, Ontario, Canada, Archives of Ontario, Toronto; FHL microfilm 1,869,764.

“British Columbia Death Registrations, 1872-1986,” index and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/FLG3-T42 : accessed 26 March 2015), Frederick Clark, 19 Feb 1928; citing Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada; British Columbia Archives film number B13133, Division of Vital Statistics, Victoria; FHL microfilm 1,952,312.

Frederick Clark, death notice, http://www.ogs.on.ca/ogspi/192/o192cl00.htm; CLARK o@ca.on.york_county.toronto.toronto_daily_star 1928-02-21 published: “At Vancouver, British Columbia, on February the 17th, at the home of his son, Dr. A.F. Bruce CLARK, Frederick CLARK. Funeral at Toronto on Friday February the 24th, at 2: 30 p.m., from 106 Avenue road. Interment Mount Pleasant Cemetery.”

DEATHS, Toronto Globe, February 21, 1928, page 14: “Clark – At Vancouver, B.C. on Feb. the 19th, at the home of his son, Dr. A.F. Bruce Clark, Frederick Clark. Funeral at Toronto on Friday, Feb. the 24th, at 2.30 p.m., from 106 Avenue Road. Interment Mount Pleasant Cemetery.”

“Ontario, Toronto Trust Cemeteries, 1826-1989,” index and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/276Q-CJM : accessed 26 March 2015), Frederick Clark, 24 Feb 1928; citing Toronto, Ontario, Canada, section and lot T 21, line 49811, volume Volume 04, 1920-1931, Toronto Trust Cemeteris, Toronto; FHL microfilm 1,617,217.

Alexandrina Amelia Duff (mother of Alexander Bruce Frederick Clark)

Died, Toronto Globe, January 10, 1918, page 6: “Clark – At her residence, 635 Huron street, on January 2nd, 1918, Alexandrina Amelia Duff, beloved wife of Frederick Clark.”

“Ontario, Toronto Trust Cemeteries, 1826-1989,” index and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/2763-4BR : accessed 26 March 2015), Alexandrina Clark, 04 Jan 1918; citing Toronto, Ontario, Canada, section and lot T 21, line 36687, volume Volume 03, 1908-1919, Toronto Trust Cemeteris, Toronto; FHL microfilm 1,617,217.

Alexander Frederick Bruce Clark

“Ontario Births, 1869-1912”, index, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/FMFQ-S4D : accessed 26 March 2015), Alexander Frederick Bruce Clark, 1884.

“Canada Census, 1891,” index, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/MWG5-Q3S : accessed 26 March 2015), Bruce Clark, St Pauls Ward, York East, Ontario, Canada; Public Archives, Ottawa, Ontario; Library and Archives Canada film number 30953_148181; http://data2.collectionscanada.gc.ca/1891/pdf/30953_148181-00116.pdf.

“Canada Census, 1901,” index, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/KHP9-MH4 : accessed 26 March 2015), Bruce Clark in household of F Clark, I, York (east/est), Ontario, Canada; citing p. 2, Library and Archives of Canada, Ottawa; http://automatedgenealogy.com/census/View.jsp?id=110678&highlight=41&desc=1901+Census+of+Canada+page+containing+Bruce+Clark.

University of Toronto Monthly, July 1912, page 407, http://www.mocavo.com/University-of-Toronto-Monthly-July-1912-Volume-12/104146/427: “Mr. A.F. Bruce Clark, B.A.’ 06 (U.), A.M. (Harvard), who was appointed by Harvard University of Public Instruction of the French Republic, has been awarded this year a Thayer Fellowship in Romance Languages by the same University.”

“New York, Passenger Arrival Lists (Ellis Island), 1892-1924,” index, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/JJBZ-T4Z : accessed 26 March 2015), A. F. Bruce Clark, 18 Aug 1912; citing departure port Southampton, arrival port New York, ship name Saint Paul, NARA microfilm publication T715 and M237 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).

“Ontario Marriages, 1869-1927,” index, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/2786-8TP : accessed 26 March 2015), Alexander Frederick Bruce Clark and Jessie Wilson Forrest, 21 Jun 1916; citing registration 4941, Toronto, York, Ontario, Canada, Archives of Ontario, Toronto; FHL microfilm 2,079,531.

“Ontario Marriages, 1869-1927,” index, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/2786-8TR : accessed 26 March 2015), Alexander Frederick Bruce Clark and Jessie Wilson Forrest, 28 Jun 1916; citing registration 003447, Toronto, York, Ontario, Canada, Archives of Ontario, Toronto; FHL microfilm 2,079,531.

Marriage Announcement, Toronto Globe, June 21, 1916, page 10: “Dr. and Mrs. William Forrest announce the engagement of their younger daughter, Jessie, to Mr. A.F. Bruce Clark, son of Mr. and Mrs. Fred Clark, Toronto, the marriage to take place on Wednesday, June 28.”

Marriage Announcement, Toronto Globe, June 30, 1916, page 8: “Clark-Forrest – On June 28, 1916, at 427 West Marion street, by the Rev. Gilbert Wilson, Mr. A.F. Bruce Clark of Toronto to Miss Jessie Forrest of Toronto.”

“United States Border Crossings from Canada to United States, 1895-1956,” index, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/XPMY-RMJ : accessed 26 March 2015), Alexander F B Clark, 24 Jan 1918; from “Border Crossings: From Canada to U.S., 1895-1954,” Ancestry; citing Ship , arrival port Port Huron, Michigan, , line 15, NARA microfilm publication M1464, roll 347, NARA record group 85, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C.

University of British Columbia Calendar, 1919-1920, http://www.library.ubc.ca/archives/pdfs/calendars2/UBC_Calendar_1919_20.pdf: Department of Modern Languages: A. F. B. CLARK, B.A. (Tor.), Ph.D. (Harvard), Assistant Professor.

New General Catalog of Old Books and Authors, Author names starting with Cl, http://www.authorandbookinfo.com/ngcoba/cl.htm, Alexander Frederick Bruce CLARK: Boileau And The French Classical Critics In England [1925]; Jean Racine [1939].

Globe and Mail, January 21, 1975, page 45: “Clark, A.F. Bruce. In his 91st year after a lengthy illness, at Toronto on Saturday, January 18, 1975, Bruce Clark, beloved husband of the late Jessie Forrest. A private family service was held at the Chapel of Morley S. Bedford on Monday, January 20. Interment Mount Pleasant Cemetery.”

The President’s Report 1975-75: The report of President Walter H. Gage to the Senate and Board of Governors of the University of British Columbia, page 65, http://www.library.ubc.ca/archives/pdfs/presidents/1975.pdf: “DEATHS It is with deep regret that I report the deaths of the following active and retired members of the University faculty during the 1974-75 academic year: . . . Dr. A.F. Bruce Clark, Professor Emeritus of French, who joined the UBC faculty in 1918 and retired in 1949, died in Toronto on Jan. 18, 1975.”

Jessie Wilson Forrest (wife of Alexander Bruce Frederick Clark)

“Ontario, Births and Baptisms, 1779-1899,” index, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:XLYS-GVM : accessed 27 March 2015), Jessie Wilson Forrest, 27 Mar 1879; citing Bradford, Simcoe, Ontario; FHL microfilm 1,872,224.

“Ontario Births, 1869-1912,” index, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:FMZV-95X : accessed 27 March 2015), Jessie Wilson Forrest, 27 Mar 1879; citing Bradford, Simcoe, Ontario, Canada, registration number ; FHL microfilm 1,872,224.

“Canada Births and Baptisms, 1661-1959,” index, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:F2F4-ZP1 : accessed 27 March 2015), Jessie Wilson Forrest, 27 Mar 1879; citing Bradford, Simcoe, Ontario, 27 Mar 1879, reference cn 901319; FHL microfilm 1,872,224.

“Canada Census, 1881,” index, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MVFH-23K : accessed 27 March 2015), Jessie Forest in household of William Forest, Bradford, Simcoe South, Ontario, Canada; citing p. 45; Library and Archives Canada film number C-13250, Library and Archives Canada, Ottawa, Ontario; FHL microfilm 1,375,886.

“Canada Census, 1891,” index, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MWGM-G1R : accessed 27 March 2015), Jessie Forrest, Stratford, Perth North, Ontario, Canada; Public Archives, Ottawa, Ontario; Library and Archives Canada film number 30953_148164; http://data2.collectionscanada.gc.ca/1891/pdf/30953_148164-00387.pdf; http://data2.collectionscanada.gc.ca/1891/pdf/30953_148164-00384.pdf

“Canada Census, 1901,” index, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:KHGN-JPC : accessed 27 March 2015), Jene A Forrest in household of William Forrest, B, Toronto (east/est) (city/cité), Ontario, Canada; citing p. 4, Library and Archives of Canada, Ottawa.

Unnamed brother of Alexander Bruce Frederick Clark

“Ontario Births, 1869-1912”, index, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/FMQB-NPV : accessed 26 March 2015), Frederick Clark in entry for Clark, 1887.

Douglas Ivan Clark (brother of Alexander Frederick Bruce Clark)

“Ontario Births, 1869-1912”, index, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/FMW3-X65 : accessed 26 March 2015), Frederick Clark in entry for Clark, 1892.

“Ontario Deaths, 1869-1937 and Overseas Deaths, 1939-1947,” index, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/JD2J-RLH : accessed 26 March 2015), Douglas Ivan Clark, 19 Aug 1910; citing Sutton, York, Ontario, yr 1910 cn 36690, Archives of Ontario, Toronto; FHL microfilm 1,854,633.

“Ontario, Toronto Trust Cemeteries, 1826-1989,” index and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/276S-NNZ : accessed 26 March 2015), Douglas Ivan D Clarke, 24 Aug 1910; citing Toronto, Ontario, Canada, section and lot T Fancy 21, line 26547, volume Volume 03, 1908-1919, Toronto Trust Cemeteris, Toronto; FHL microfilm 1,617,217.

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One thought on “Clark, Alexander Frederick Bruce (1885-1975)

  1. Pingback: Alexander Frederick Bruce Clark (1885-1975) | westendvancouver

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